California State Route 238
|Defined by S&HC § 538|
|Maintained by Caltrans|
|Length:||14.393 mi (23.163 km)|
|Existed:||July 1, 1964 – present|
|South end:||I-680 in Fremont|
|SR 92 / SR 185 in Hayward|
|North end:||I-238 / I-580 in Castro Valley|
State Route 238 (SR 238) is a north–south highway in the U.S. state of California. The route is a divided multilane surface highway in the southeastern part of the San Francisco Bay Area. SR 238 connects Interstate 580 in Castro Valley and Interstate 680 in Fremont.
SR 238 goes through Hayward and Union City parallel to the Hayward hills. It formerly contained a segment of east–west freeway now designated as Interstate 238 and, until Interstate 680 was completed in the area and supplanted it completely as a through route, extended to San Jose, California at its intersection with U.S. Route 101. Locally it is designated Mission Boulevard from I-680 to the intersection with State Route 92 and State Route 185 (which continues as Mission Boulevard). It is designated as Foothill Boulevard in northern Hayward from A Street to I-580.
In Downtown Hayward immediately north of SR 92, northbound traffic continues along the original SR 238 alignment on Foothill Boulevard, while southbound traffic is diverted onto A Street and Mission Boulevard. This loop of one-way streets is known as the "Hayward Loop".
Mission Boulevard, the former El Camino Viejo and El Camino Real, is the road that passes in front of Mission San José, the historic Spanish Mission founded in 1797, for which the road is named. Mission Boulevard proceeds in both directions from the Mission, but mainly northwest (the former El Camino Viejo) through Fremont, Union City, and Hayward. At the north end of Hayward it changes its name to East 14th Street, which continues as a major thoroughfare going through San Leandro and Oakland. Since it runs along the base of the hills, Mission Boulevard nearly coincides with the Hayward Fault, a major earthquake fault, for almost the entire length of the Boulevard. The southern direction from the Mission San José is the former El Camino Real route to Mission Santa Clara de Asís.
Mission Boulevard joins the historic centers of the Mission San Jose and Niles districts of Fremont (formerly independent towns), the Decoto district of Union City (formerly an independent town), and Hayward.
Before California massively renumbered its state highways in 1964, SR 238 was part of State Route 9. The segment of what is now Interstate 238 was built as a freeway in 1956, before it became part of the Interstate Highway System in 1983.
For several decades, SR 238 from Hayward to Fremont was also planned to be upgraded to a freeway, called the "Mission" or "Foothill" freeway. It was submitted to the Interstate Highway System in October 1968 but was rejected. Then after a series of lawsuits and appeals, Caltrans had to abandon the project in 2004 and sell off the property it had acquired in the name of eminent domain along the proposed route.
As an alternative, SR 238 is proposed to be expanded from two lanes in each direction to three lanes in each direction along the majority of its width. Various other improvements began in July 2010, followed by the California legislature relinquishing control of SR 238 within Hayward to local control in 2012. In March 2013, the routing in Downtown Hayward was changed to include a one way circulation known as the "Hayward Loop", designed to improve traffic flow between SR 238, SR 185 and SR 92.
Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then. The entire route is in Alameda County.
|Fremont||0.00||Mission Boulevard||Continuation beyond I-680|
|0.00||I-680 – San Jose, Sacramento||Interchange|
|3.31||SR 84 west (Mowry Avenue) – Centerville District, Newark, Dumbarton Bridge||South end of SR 84 overlap|
|3.64||SR 84 east (Niles Canyon Road) / Niles Boulevard – Sunol, Livermore, Niles District||North end of SR 84 overlap|
|Union City||6.78||Decoto Road – Decoto District, Dumbarton Bridge|
|Hayward||9.32||Alquire Parkway, Industrial Parkway to I-880||North end of state maintenance|
|11.20||Harder Road – San Mateo Bridge|
|12.61||SR 92 (Jackson Street) – San Mateo Bridge, San Mateo, San Jose|
|12.61||SR 185 (Mission Boulevard)|
Castro Valley line
|South end of state maintenance|
|Castro Valley||14.29||Castro Valley Boulevard, Mattox Road||Interchange northbound and at-grade intersection southbound|
|R14.47||I-580 (MacArthur Freeway) – Oakland, Stockton||Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|R14.47||I-238 to I-880||Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- California Highways: Interstate 238
- Staff. "State Truck Route List" (XLS file). California Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- January 1, 2006 California Log of Bridges on State Highways
- California Highways: Interstate Highway Types and the History of California's Interstates
- Route 238 Corridor Improvement Project
- California Department of Transportation, Log of Bridges on State Highways, July 2007
- California Department of Transportation, All Traffic Volumes on CSHS, 2005 and 2006