California State Route 3
|Defined by S&HC § 303|
|Maintained by Caltrans|
|Length:||146.369 mi (235.558 km)
SR 3 is broken into pieces, and the length does not reflect the SR 299 overlap that would be required to make the route continuous.
|Existed:||1964 renumbering – present|
|South end:||SR 36 near Peanut|
| SR 299 through Weaverville
I‑5 in Yreka
|North end:||Ball Mountain Little Shasta Road in Montague|
State Route 3 (SR 3) is a state highway in the U.S. state of California. It runs from State Route 36 north along the shore of Trinity Lake, Fort Jones and Etna. The route approaches Yreka, intersecting with Interstate 5, and turns east to Montague. The road was numbered SR 3 in 1964, and most of it has been part of the state highway system since 1933.
SR 3 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System and is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System. Caltrans has subsequently designated it as a scenic highway for its entire length.
State Route 3 begins at the junction with State Route 36 south of the town of Peanut in Trinity County. SR-3 is also known as Bramlot Road from its southern terminus to Hayfork. This stretch of road through the Shasta-Trinity National Forest parallels the Hayfork River. Once SR-3 reaches the town of Hayfork, it travels along Hyampom Road east and snakes through the mountains to Douglas City and the junction with State Route 299. From there, SR 3 runs concurrently with SR 299 north to the town of Weaverville.
SR 3 then departs from SR 299, providing access to the Whiskeytown-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area and Trinity Dam along Lewiston Lake. SR 3 passes through the towns of Covington Mill, Trinity Center, and Wyntoon before paralleling the Trinity River as Weaverville-Scott Mountain Road and crossing the Scott Mountains and the Pacific Crest Trail at 5,205 feet (1,586 m) into Siskiyou County.
In Siskiyou County, SR 3 passes through Callahan, Etna, Greenview, and Fort Jones as it turns northeast to intersect with Interstate 5 in Yreka. At this point, State Route 263 continues in the northerly direction towards State Route 96; SR 3 turns east to its northern terminus in the incorporated city of Montague.
The short piece from SR 36 north to Peanut was added to the state highway system in 1907 as part of the Peanut Road, which became Route 35 in 1917. Route 35 was extended north from Peanut to Route 20 (SR 299) near Douglas City in 1933, and simultaneously a new Route 82 was created, running from Route 3 (I-5) in the Yreka area southwest to Etna and east to Montague. The gap between Douglas City and Etna was filled in 1959 with an extension of Route 82 south to Route 20 near Weaverville; at the same time, the portion between Weaverville and Yreka was added to the California Freeway and Expressway System, which identifies the main routes of transportation in the state of California. The State Route 3 designation was applied to the Peanut-Montague roadway in the 1964 renumbering. The overlap with temporary I-5 (along the portion where SR 3 runs concurrently with Interstate 5 today) near Yreka was removed when the new I-5 bypass was built; the legislative definition was updated to reflect this in 1974, soon after the building of the bypass.
Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then, M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, and T indicates postmiles classified as temporary (for a full list of prefixes, see the list of postmile definitions). Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted. The numbers reset at county lines; the start and end postmiles in each county are given in the county column.
|L0.00||SR 36 – Red Bluff, Forest Glen||South end of SR 3|
|SR 299 east – Redding||South end of SR 299 overlap|
|SR 299 west (Main Street) – Eureka||North end of SR 299 overlap|
|6.95||Gazelle Callahan Road – Gazelle|
|Fort Jones||32.20||Scott River Road – Scott Bar|
|Yreka||L47.26||I‑5 Bus. south (Moonlit Oaks Avenue) to I‑5 – Portland, Redding||South end of I-5 Bus. overlap|
|L49.21||Center Street to I-5|
|L49.87||SR 263 north (Main Street, I-5 Bus. north) / Tebbe Street||North end of I-5 Bus. overlap|
|R47.38||I‑5 – Portland, Redding|
|Montague||53.22||CR A28 south (Montague Grenada Road) – Grenada||South end of CR A28 overlap|
|CR A28 north (11th Street)||North end of CR A28 overlap|
|54.19||Ball Mountain Little Shasta Road – Ball Mountain||Continuation beyond the Montague east city limit; north end of SR 3|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Indicates that the postmile represents the distance along SR 299 rather than SR 3.
- "California Highways: State Route 3". Cahighways.org. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
- Staff. "State Truck Route List" (XLS file). California Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "CA Codes (shc:250-257)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
- "CA Codes (shc:260-284)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
- California Department of Transportation, Officially Designated Scenic Highways, accessed 2009-09-14
- Rand McNally (2008). The Road Atlas (Map). p. 12, section NB3-NE4.
- Thomas Brothers (2000). California Road Atlas and Driver's Guide (Map). p. 3,4,11,12,17.
- California State Assembly (1907). "An act to provide for...a state highway connecting the present county road systems of any one or all of the counties of Trinity, Tehama and Shasta with the road system of Humboldt county...". Thirty-seventh Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 117 p. 139.
- Ben Blow, California Highways: A Descriptive Record of Road Development by the State and by Such Counties as Have Paved Highways, 1920 (Archive.org or Google Books), p. 112
- California State Assembly (1933). "An act...relating to...the addition of certain highways to the State system". Fiftieth Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 767 p. 2034.: "Etna Mills to Montague." "State Highway Route 35 near Peanut to State Highway Route 20 near Douglas City."
- California State Assembly (1935). "An act to establish a Streets and Highways Code...". Fifty-first Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 29 p. 277, 281.: "Route 35 is from Route 1 near Alton to Route 20 near Douglas City, passing near Kuntz and Peanut." "Route 82 is from Etna Mills to Montague."
- California State Assembly (1959). "An act to amend...the Streets and Highways Code, relating to state highways, providing for a California Freeway and Expressway System...". 1959 Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 1062 p. 3113, 3116.
- California State Assembly (1963). "An act...relating to routes on the state highway system". 1963 Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 385 p. 1171.
- California State Assembly (1974). "An act to amend Section 303 of the Streets and Highway Code, relating to state highways". 1973–1974 Session of the Legislature. Statutes of California. State of California. Ch. 123 p. 247.: "Route 3 is from: ...(b) Route 299 near Weaverville to Montague via Main Street in Yreka."
- California Department of Transportation, Log of Bridges on State Highways, July 2007
- California Department of Transportation, All Traffic Volumes on CSHS, 2005 and 2006