California State Route 74
|Defined by S&HC § 374|
|Maintained by Caltrans|
|Length:||111.471 mi (179.395 km)
SR 74 is broken into pieces, and the length does not reflect the overlaps that would be required to make the route continuous.
|Existed:||1934 – present|
|West end:||I‑5 in San Juan Capistrano|
| I‑15 in Lake Elsinore
I‑215 in Perris
SR 79 in Hemet
|East end:||Pines to Palms Highway at Palm Desert city limit|
State Route 74 (SR 74), part of which forms the Pines to Palms Scenic Byway and the Ortega Highway, is a mostly scenic highway in the U.S. state of California. It runs from Palm Desert in Riverside County westward to San Juan Capistrano in Orange County.
SR 74 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System and is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System. However, it is only an eligible scenic highway as designated by Caltrans from the western boundary of the San Bernardino National Forest to its junction with SR 111. State Route 74 is called the California Wildland Firefighters Memorial Highway (from Lake Elsinore to San Juan Capistrano), as designated by various state laws.
SR 74 begins at an interchange with I-5 in the city of San Juan Capistrano and heads east as the Ortega Highway, loosely paralleling San Juan Creek. The highway leaves the San Juan Capistrano city limits and turns northeast, going through the community of Rancho Mission Viejo and entering Ronald W. Caspers Wilderness Park and eventually Cleveland National Forest. After going through San Juan Hot Springs, SR 74 enters Riverside County.
The highway continues winding through the Santa Ana Mountains and passes through the community of El Cariso before entering the city of Lake Elsinore. SR 74 continues northwest on Grand Avenue before continuing northeast on Riverside Drive and continuing along the shore of Lake Elsinore. The road continues southeast on Collier Avenue before continuing northeast and intersecting I-15. SR 74 leaves the city of Lake Elsinore and continues through unincorporated Riverside County before turning east and entering Perris. After traveling through downtown, SR 74 merges with I-215 and runs concurrently with I-215 before exiting the freeway as Matthews Road.
SR 74 travels southeast through Romoland and turns east to become Pinacate Road, continuing through Homeland and Green Acres before running concurrently with SR 79 as Florida Avenue through Hemet. SR 79 splits off and heads north towards San Jacinto while SR 74 continues through East Hemet and Valle Vista before entering San Bernardino National Forest. The Pines to Palms Highway parallels San Jacinto Creek as it winds through the mountains before intersecting SR 243 in Mountain Center and providing access to the Hemet Reservoir. SR 74 follows the Garner Valley Wash through Garner Valley before meeting the eastern terminus of SR 371. The road crosses the Santa Rosa Indian Reservation before going through the communities of Gardenland and Pinyon Pines and turning north along Deep Canyon and becoming the western boundary of the University of California Desert Research Area.
As the highway descends to the Coachella Valley area, it parallels Carrizo Creek before entering the city limits of Palm Desert, where SR 74 meets its current legal northern terminus. The SR 74 designation continued into Palm Desert as a city arterial to its northern terminus at SR 111, which has also had its designation removed through Palm Desert.
Route 74 passes through many parks and National Forests along its route. Some of these places include the San Bernardino National Forest, the Cleveland National Forest, the Ronald W. Caspers Wilderness Park, Lake Elsinore State Recreation Park, the Soboba Indian Reservation, Lake Hemet and the Santa Rosa Indian Reservation.
The route has been signed as Route 74 since the establishment of state routes in 1934. Its original corridor between then CA 71 Corona Freeway (later I-15W) and present-day I-215 (then, I-15E and U.S. Route 395) was numbered as U.S. 395, through downtown Perris. East of the CA 74/U.S. 395 junction, from Romoland-east, was CA 740 (Florida Avenue).
The western portion of Route 74 in Orange County follows San Juan Creek and is named the Ortega Highway, after the Spanish explorer Sgt. José Francisco Ortega who led the scouts of the 1769 Portola expedition, first non-natives to ever see the area.
A segment of Route 74 named "Seven Level Hill," just south of Palm Desert, California, appears in the 1963 American comedy film It's A Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World during the opening minutes of the film, when the major characters of the film meet for the first time following a car accident.
Route 74 between San Juan Capistrano and Lake Elsinore, due to its narrow width and high traffic volume, holds an ominous claim to fame as one of the most dangerous highways in the state.
California's legislature has relinquished state control of segments of SR 74 in Perris and Palm Desert, and turned it over to local control. This includes deleting from the highway code an unconstructed segment that would have extended SR 74 from SR 111 to Interstate 10.
Pines to Palms Highway
Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then, M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, and T indicates postmiles classified as temporary (for a full list of prefixes, see the list of postmile definitions). Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted. The numbers reset at county lines; the start and end postmiles in each county are given in the county column.
|San Juan Capistrano||0.00||Ortega Highway (to Camino Capistrano)||Continuation beyond I-5|
|0.00||I‑5 (San Diego Freeway) – Los Angeles, San Diego||Interchange; west end of SR 74|
|Lake Elsinore||11.83||Grand Avenue – Lakeland Village|
|17.24||I‑15 (Temecula Valley Freeway) – Corona, San Diego||Interchange|
|East end of state maintenance.|
|I‑215 north (Escondido Freeway) / Redlands Avenue – Riverside||Interchange; west end of I-215 overlap; former I-15E north / US 395 north|
|West end of freeway on I-215 / West end of state maintenance.|
|East end of freeway on I-215|
|I‑215 south (Escondido Freeway) – San Diego||Interchange; east end of I-215 overlap; former I-15E south / US 395 south|
|Hemet||34.33||SR 79 south (Winchester Road) / Vista Place – Winchester, San Diego||West end of SR 79 overlap|
|36.92||Warren Road||Serves Hemet-Ryan Airport|
|41.34||SR 79 north (San Jacinto Road) – San Jacinto||East end of SR 79 overlap|
|44.74||Mountain Avenue – San Jacinto Reservoir|
|Mountain Center||59.25||SR 243 – Idyllwild, Banning|
|71.75||SR 371 – Anza, San Diego|
|Palm Desert line||East end of state maintenance|
|Palm Desert||96.01||SR 111 – Palm Springs, Los Angeles, Indio|
|96.01||Monterey Avenue||Continuation beyond SR 111; east end of SR 74|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Indicates that the postmile represents the distance along I-215 rather than SR 74.
- California Highways: State Route 74
- Staff. "State Truck Route List" (XLS file). California Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- CA Codes (shc:250-257)
- CA Codes (shc:260-284)
- California Department of Transportation, Officially Designated Scenic Highways, accessed 2010-03-20
- 2007 Named Freeways, Highways, Structures and Other Appurtenances in California (PDF). Caltrans. pp. 133–134. Retrieved 2007-03-28.
- Thomas Brothers (2008). Orange County Road Atlas (Map).
- Thomas Brothers (2008). Riverside County Road Atlas (Map).
- Weikel, Dan (2001-08-11). "Driving a Deadly Dinosaur". LA Times A Tribune Newspaper website. Retrieved 2013-08-24.
- "CA Codes (shc:300-635)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- Lech, Steve (2012). For Tourism and a Good Night's Sleep: J. Win Wilson, Wilson Howell, and the Beginnings of the Pines-to-Palms Highway. Riverside, CA: Steve Lech. p. ix. ISBN 978-0-9837500-1-7.
- California Department of Transportation, Log of Bridges on State Highways, July 2007
- California Department of Transportation, All Traffic Volumes on CSHS, 2005 and 2006
- Law, George (October 3, 1920). "The 'Pines and Palm Trails' of Wonder". Los Angeles Times.
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