Callender, Iowa

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Callender, Iowa
City
Location of Callender, Iowa
Location of Callender, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°21′45″N 94°17′36″W / 42.36250°N 94.29333°W / 42.36250; -94.29333Coordinates: 42°21′45″N 94°17′36″W / 42.36250°N 94.29333°W / 42.36250; -94.29333
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Webster
Area[1]
 • Total 0.52 sq mi (1.35 km2)
 • Land 0.52 sq mi (1.35 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,152 ft (351 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 376
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 364
 • Density 723.1/sq mi (279.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50523
Area code(s) 515
FIPS code 19-09955
GNIS feature ID 0455056

Callender is a city in Webster County, Iowa, United States. The population was 376 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Between 1866 and 1870 the Des Moines Valley Railroad Company constructed tracks between Des Moines and Fort Dodge. The line went from Keokuk, Iowa—an Iowa town at confluence of Des Moines and Mississippi rivers—through Des Moines, to Fort Dodge. To support the Railroad, several small towns were created by the railroad along the line to support track maintenance and to grow business. At seven to ten mile intervals there were 38 stops between the Keokuk and Fort Dodge. Kesho—town that would become Callender—was stop thirty-six.

According to the County Assessor’s records, the town of Kesho began South of the road (Thomas Street) on the East Side of the railroad tracks. There, Gurmond and Thora Bean had established a store in 1867-1868. The store was operational when the Des Moines Valley Railroad made it to Kesho in December 1869;[4] however, a November 24, 1870 newspaper article from the Iowa Northwest Newspaper reads, “The city has disappeared from the face of the earth—not like Pompeii—but it has gone off on wheels. First the horse barn fell down, then the hotel was taken to pieces and moved off, and lately the depot has been hoisted on wheels, moved 9 miles up the road and landed near the Sioux City Junction (Tara). Kesho is now inhabited by muskrats alone. ” A new depot replaced the old one that existed until it was demolished in 1972. Post office records indicate that there was a post office in Kesho from 1873 until 1877.[5]

In 1875 the town was renamed Callender in honor of Agnes and James Callender of Brooklyn Heights, New York. The couple owned all of the land on the west side of the railroad tracks and much of the surrounding area—Webster’s Prairies. The town changed names from Kesho to Callender because the Callenders donated land to the town for churches, the school, City Hall and the City Park. A second depot was built on the west side of the track, North of Main (Thomas) Street. The existing town retains much of the 1875 town form including the “gifted” properties.

Geography[edit]

Callender is located at 42°21′45″N 94°17′36″W / 42.36250°N 94.29333°W / 42.36250; -94.29333 (42.362592, -94.293268).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.52 square miles (1.35 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1900 399 —    
1910 321 −19.5%
1920 376 +17.1%
1930 349 −7.2%
1940 377 +8.0%
1950 387 +2.7%
1960 358 −7.5%
1970 421 +17.6%
1980 446 +5.9%
1990 384 −13.9%
2000 424 +10.4%
2010 376 −11.3%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2010, there were 376 people, 162 households, and 111 families residing in the city. The population density was 737.3 people per square mile (284.8/km²). There were 178 housing units at an average density of 349.0 per square mile (134.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.7% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, and 0.8% from two or more races.

There were 162 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 424 people, 168 households, and 113 families residing in the city. The population density was 830.8 people per square mile (321.0/km²). There were 179 housing units at an average density of 350.7/sq mi (135.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.35% White, 0.24% African American, 0.71% Native American, and 0.71% from two or more races.

There were 168 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The following income data is from 2000. The median income for a household in the city was $33,906, and the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $26,917 versus $24,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,411. About 9.5% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Callender is currently part of Prairie Valley Community Schools. The elementary school for the school district was in Callender from 1994 until 2010. The middle school was near Farnhamville and the high school was in Gowrie. Before that, Callender was the elementary and middle school for Prairie Community, a consolidated school district including Moorland, Callender, Gowrie, Lanyon. From 1962 until 1974 Callender, Moorland and Gowrie each had elementary schools. Callender also had junior high and Gowrie also had high school.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Callender is at the intersection of County Roads P33 (Fairbanks Ave) and D43 (295th St).

The Union Pacific Railroad is on the east end of town

The Fort Dodge Regional Airport is located 20 miles northwest of town. It is primarily a general aviation airport, but it does have commercial links from Great Lakes Airlines.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ Heritage Book, Callender, Iowa 1989
  5. ^ M841, Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1832-Sept. 30, 1971
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.