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Hesperis Eighty-eight (C. hesperis)
Upperside of museum specimen
Callicore pygas, Iguazu Falls Brazil.jpg
Pygas Eighty-eight (C. pygas)
Underside from Iguazu Falls, Brazil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Biblidinae
Tribe: Callicorini
Genus: Callicore
Hübner, [1819]
Type species
Callicore astarte
Cramer, [1779]
See text

Catagramma Boisduval, 1836

Callicore is a genus of nymphalid butterfly found in the Neotropical Ecozone. This genus, like some related ones, was formerly lumped together as the paraphyletic Catagramma assemblage.

Species in this genus are commonly called eighty-eights or numberwings like the related genera Diaethria and Perisama, in reference to the characteristic patterns on the hindwing undersides of many. In Callicore, the pattern consists of bluish dots surrounded by black and looks more like "αB" or "8°", though some members of this genus have a completely different arrangement of dots. The forewing undersides vary little between species, being black with one or two broad orange-yellow bands in the basal part and one thin and one very faint yellowish band near the apex.

C. hydarnis is listed as endangered species in Minas Gerais, Brazil.


Listed alphabetically within species groups.[1]

The atacama species-group:

The cyllene species-group:

The cynosura species-group:

The hydarnis species-group

The hydaspes species-group:

The pitheas species-group:

The texa species-group:

The tolima species-group:



  1. ^ Callicore,
  • Casagrande, M. M., Mielke, O. H. H., & Brown, K. S., Jr. (1998). Butterflies (Lepidoptera) considered as threatened in Minas Gerais, Brazil (in Portuguese). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 15(1), 241-259.
  • Garwood, K. M., Lehman, Carter, W., & Carter, G. (2007). Butterflies of Southern Amazonia. Mission, Texas: Neotropical Butterflies.
  • Lamas, G., ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea-Papilionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.

External links[edit]