|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2010)|
Fore Street, Callington's main street
Callington shown within Cornwall
|Population||6,023 (Parish, 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||South East Cornwall|
Callington parish had a population of 4,783 in 2001, according to the 2001 census.
The town is situated in east Cornwall between Dartmoor to the east and Bodmin Moor to the west. A former agricultural market town, it lies at the intersection of the south-north A388 Saltash to Launceston road and the east-west A390 Tavistock to Liskeard road.
Callington railway station was the terminus of a branch line from Bere Alston, the junction with the Southern Railway's Tavistock to Plymouth line. The railway line beyond Gunnislake to the Callington terminus was closed in the 1960s, due to low usage and difficult operating conditions on the final sections of the line due to several severe gradients and speed restrictions. One can still travel by rail on the Tamar Valley Line from Plymouth as far as Gunnislake via Bere Alston, where trains reverse. For most of its journey the line follows the River Tamar. The nearest railway station to Callington is at Saltash.
Food manufacturers Ginsters and Tamar Foods (both wholly owned subsidiaries of Samworth Brothers) are the largest employers in the town and employ hundreds of locals as well as many immigrants who have arrived as a consequence of the recent accession to the EU of a number of Eastern European countries.
Ginsters uses local produce in many of its products, buying potatoes and other vegetables from local farmers and suppliers.
Cornwall is a predominantly low wage economy with a high proportion of its income being derived from agriculture and tourism.
Callington has been postulated as one of the possible locations of the ancient site of Celliwig, associated with King Arthur. Nearby ancient monuments include Castlewitch Henge with a diameter of 96m and Cadsonbury Iron Age hillfort, as well as Dupath Well built in 1510 on the site of an ancient sacred spring.
Callington was recorded in the Domesday Book (1086); the manor had 4 hides of land and land for 30 ploughs. The lord had land for 3 ploughs with 11 serfs. 24 villeins and 14 smallholders had land for 15 ploughs. There were also one and a half square leagues of pasture and a small amount of woodland. The income of the manor was £6 sterling.
In the 19th century, Callington was one of the most important mining areas in Great Britain. Deposits of silver were found nearby in Silver Valley. Today, the area is marked by mining remains, but there are no active mines. However, granite is still quarried on Hingston Down.
The former Callington constituency, a rotten borough, elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons but was abolished by the Reform Act 1832. The town is now in the South East Cornwall constituency.
St Mary's Church was originally a chapel of ease to South Hill; it was consecrated in 1438 and then had two aisles and a buttressed tower; a second north aisle was added in 1882. Unusually for Cornwall there is a clerestory; the wagon roofs are old. The parish church contains the fine brass of Nicholas Assheton and his wife, 1466.
Callington Town Council has 12 members and covers the civil parish of Callington. At the Council elections in 2013 only 10 candidates stood, 8 Independents and 2 Mebyon Kernow Councillors. The Elections for Cornwall Council saw Councillor Andrew Long of Mebyon Kernow re-elected with 712 votes (61%). He defeated UKIP, Conservatives and Liberal Democrats.
In recent years, the town has seen much residential development with more, including social housing, planned for the next few years. The neighbouring village of Kelly Bray has almost doubled in size in recent years with houses still being built in the area.
Callington is twinned with Guipavas in Brittany, France, and Barsbüttel near Hamburg in Germany. It also has unofficial friendship links with Keila in Estonia and a suburb of Malaga, Spain.
Callington is known mainly for football and cricket. Callington Town Football Club (Est 1989) has four adult teams playing in the South West Peninsula League, East Cornwall Premier League, Duchy League and South West Women's Football League. They play at Ginsters Marshfield Parc. Callington Cricket Club have four teams playing in the Cornwall Cricket League and play their games at Moores Park and St Germans Road.
- "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel". Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
- Cornwall; Explore Britain
- "Ginsters' pasties 'Cornish through and through' thanks to Objective One". Objective One - Press Release. Retrieved 2009-05-27.
- Pearce, Susan M. (1974), "The Cornish Elements in the Arthurian Tradition", Folklore 85 (3): 147 – via JSTOR (subscription required)
- The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. "Castlewitch Henge Henge : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "Flying Past - The Historic Environment of Cornwall: Power and Authority". Historic-cornwall.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. "Cadson Bury Hillfort : The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map:". Megalithic.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "Domesday Reloaded: CADSON BURY". BBC. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- Thorn, C. et al. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1,10
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 48-49
- Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode; pp. 16-18, pl. XV
- Callington Town Council website
- Online Catalogue for Callington at the Cornwall Record Office
- Callington, Cornwall at DMOZ