Callington (UK Parliament constituency)

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Callington
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1585–1832
Number of members Two
Replaced by East Cornwall

Callington was a rotten borough in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the English and later British Parliament from 1585 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Reform Act 1832.

History[edit]

The borough consisted of most of the town of Callington in the East of Cornwall. Callington was the last of the Cornish boroughs to be enfranchised, returning its first members in 1585; like most of the Cornish boroughs enfranchised or re-enfranchised during the Tudor period, it was a rotten borough from the start, and was never substantial enough to have a mayor and corporation.

The right to vote in Callington was disputed until a decision of the House of Commons in 1821 settled it as resting with "freeholders of the borough and ... life-tenants of freeholders, resident for 40 days before the election and rated to the poor at 40 shillings or more". This considerably enlarged the electorate, for there had been only 42 voters in the borough in 1816, but the Parliamentary return of 1831 reported that 225 were qualified. In the 18th century the power of the "patron" to influence the voters in Callington was considered absolute; the patronage originally rested with the Rolle family, then passed to the Dowager Lady Orford, mother of The Earl of Orford. By 1816 it had passed to Lord Clinton,[1] but was no longer as secure as it had been, so that the Coryton family was sufficiently influential to challenge his power on occasion.

In 1831, the borough had a population of 1,082, and 225 houses; the part of the town outside the borough boundaries contained only a further eight houses, leaving no scope to enlarge it. It was disfranchised by the Great Reform Act in 1832.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1585-1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
Parliament of 1584-1585 Thomas Lawton Thomas Harris
Parliament of 1586-1587 Edward Aylworth William Herle
Parliament of 1588-1589 Robert Worsley Henry Golding
Parliament of 1593 Robert Carey Carew Reynell
Parliament of 1597-1598 Henry Ferrers John Egerton
Parliament of 1601 Miles Raynesford John Rolle
Parliament of 1604-1611 Sir Roger Wilbraham Sir William Rolle
Addled Parliament (1614) Humphrey Were Henry Rolle [2]
Parliament of 1621-1622 Lord Wriothesley
Happy Parliament (1624-1625) Sir Edward Seymour
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir Richard Weston Thomas Wise
Parliament of 1625-1626 Sir Clipseus Carew John Rolle
Parliament of 1628-1629 Sir William Constable [3]
No Parliament summoned 1629-1640

1640-1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Sir Samuel Rolle Parliamentarian Thomas Gardiner Royalist
November 1640 Sir Arthur Ingram Parliamentarian Hon. George Fane Royalist
August 1642 Ingram died August 1642 - seat vacant
January 1643 Fane disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1646 Lord Clinton Thomas Dacres
December 1648 Clinton and Dacres excluded in Pride's Purge - both seats vacant
1653 Callington was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Thomas Carew Anthony Buller
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Robert Rolle Edward Herle
June 1660 John Coryton
July 1660 Sir Hugh Pollard
May 1661 Allen Brodrick Sir Cyril Wyche
June 1661 Sir Henry Bennet
1665 Samuel Rolle
February 1679 John Coryton
October 1679 Richard Carew William Trevisa
1681 William Coryton
1685 Sir John Coryton
1689 Jonathan Prideaux
February 1690 Francis Fulford
October 1690 Jonathan Prideaux
1695 Sir William Coryton Francis Gwyn
1698 Francis Fulford
January 1701 Robert Rolle
December 1701 Samuel Rolle
1702 John Acland
1703 Sir William Coryton
1712 Henry Manaton
1713 Sir John Coryton
1719 Thomas Coplestone Whig
1722 Thomas Lutwyche
1727 Sir John Coryton
1734 Isaac le Heup
1741 Hon. Horatio Walpole Whig
1748 Edward Bacon
1754 Hon. Sewallis Shirley John Sharpe
1756 Fane William Sharpe
1761 Richard Stevens
1768 Thomas Worsley
1771 William Skrine
1774 John Dyke Acland
1778 George Stratton[4]
1780 John Morshead
1784 Sir John Call Paul Orchard
1801 John Inglett-Fortescue
1803 Ambrose St John [5]
1806 William Wickham William Garrow Whig
1807 Lord Binning[6] Tory Thomas Carter
1810 William Stephen Poyntz Whig
1812 Sir John Leman Rogers
1813 Hon. Charles Trefusis Tory
1818 Hon. Edward Pyndar Lygon Tory Sir Christopher Robinson Tory
1820[7] Matthias Attwood Whig William Thompson Whig
1826 Alexander Baring Whig
1830 William Bingham Baring Whig
1831 Henry Bingham Baring Tory Hon. Edward Herbert Tory
1832 Constituency abolished

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The WP article "Baron Clinton" gives his name as Robert Cotton St John Trefusis, 18th Baron Clinton.
  2. ^ Maija Jansson in Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) lists William Rolle rather than Henry Rolle as MP in 1614
  3. ^ Constable was also elected for Scarborough, and probably never sat for Callington
  4. ^ Stratton's election in 1778 was declared void, but he won the 1779 by-election that resulted
  5. ^ This Ambrose St John was clearly NOT Ambrose St John (1815-1875)
  6. ^ The Earls of Haddington were referred to as "Lord Binning", before succeeding their fathers. Thomas Hamilton became the 9th Earl in 1828.
  7. ^ Robinson and Lygon were initially declared re-elected in 1820, defeating Attwood and Thompson, but the result was reversed on petition

References[edit]