Lungsod ng Caloocan
|— Highly-Urbanized City —|
|City of Caloocan|
|Nickname(s): The Only Divided City in the Philippines|
|Motto: Moving from Vision to Victory|
|Region||National Capital Region|
|Province||none (Former part of Rizal province until 1975)|
|Districts||1st and 2nd Districts of Caloocan City|
|Cityhood||16 February 1962|
|• Mayor||Oscar Malapitan (United Nationalist Alliance)|
|• Vice Mayor||Macario Asistio III (Puwersa ng Masang Pilipino)|
|• Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Total||55.80 km2 (21.54 sq mi)|
|• Density||27,000/km2 ( 69,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||1400 for Caloocan City Post Office|
The City of Caloocan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Caloocan) is one of the cities that constitute the Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is a major residential area in the metropolis. Located north of the City of Manila, Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,489,040 as of the 2010 census.
Caloocan City is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City and Valenzuela City to the north and west, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City, Meycauayan City and Marilao in the province of Bulacan. Northern Caloocan City is much larger than its southern counterpart.
Caloocan City is divided into 188 barangays. The city uses a hybrid system for its barangays - all barangays have their corresponding numbers but only a few - mostly in the northern part - have corresponding names.
Among all cities in the Philippines, only Manila, Pasay City and Caloocan City implement the so-called "Zone Systems". A Zone is a group of barangays in a district. Although a zone is considered a subdivision in the local government units, the people do not elect a leader for the zone in a popular election similar to the normal barangay or local elections. The zoning system is merely for stritical purposes. Caloocan City has 16 Zones. The biggest zone in Caloocan is Zone 15 located in District 1 (North Caloocan) directly west of the second biggest zone in Caloocan which is Zone 16.
Barangay Bagong Silang (176) is the largest barangay in the country with a population of 221,874 people.
The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines. It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andres Bonifacio and his men, and it was within the city's perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.
The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose Del Monte Bulacan in the north. During the formation of Rizal Province, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.
Territorial controversy 
By the 1920s, Caloocan had annexed the neighboring town of Novaliches, bringing it to a total area of about 15,000 hectares. In 1939, when Quezon City was created, 1,500 hectares of land from Caloocan was to be given to the newly-created capital city. But the people, instead of opposing it, willingly gave land to Quezon City, realizing it will be good for the Philippines' new capital.
However, in 1949, the Congress of the Philippines enacted Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan-Quezon City boundary. The barrios of Baesa, Talipapa, San Bartolome, Pasong Tamo, Novaliches, Banlat, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, Pasong Putik, which formerly belonged to Novaliches and had an area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan. This caused the division of Caloocan into two separate parts - the South section being the urbanized part, while the North section being subrural.
|Population census of Caloocan|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
As of 2010, the city has a population of 1,489,040 people which makes it the third largest city in the Philippines in terms of population.
Most of the people speak English and Filipino as their primary language. A considerable number of the population also speak other languages and dialects. Like many other places in the country, Roman Catholicism is the religion with most followers in the city, but there is a significant number of the members of Members Church of God International or popularly known as Ang Dating Daan. Also the presence of Iglesia ni Cristo and other Christian denominations.
Caloocan City's 10th Avenue area is well known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers. Among the major and famous streets are P. Zamora Street and A. Mabini Street.
The city also has a number of shopping malls and stand-alone supermarkets and hypermarkets including Ever Gotesco Grand Central Mall, Victory Central Mall, Puregold Monumento, Araneta Square, Uniwide Warehouse Club Monumento, and SM Hypermarket Monumento which are located in Monumento area in the south; and Zabarte Town Center and Puregold Zabarte, which are located in Barangay 175 Camarin area at the north.
The Manila North Tollways Corporation's headquarters, the concession holder of the North Luzon Expressway, is housed in Caloocan City.
Local government 
List of Mayors and Vice Mayors 
|Municipality of Caloocan|
|Period of Tenure||Mayor|
|1952–1962||Macario Asistio, Sr.|
|City of Caloocan|
|Period of Tenure||Mayor|
|1962–1971||Macario Asistio, Sr.|
|1980–1986||Macario Asistio, Jr.|
|1988–1995||Macario Asistio, Jr.|
|City of Caloocan|
|Period of Tenure||Vice-Mayor|
|2013–2016||Macario Asistio, III|
The Light Rail Transit (LRT-1) has a terminal at Monumento, That serves 1 station 5th Avenue LRT Station The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension of Caloocan City, into the City of Manila and Pasay City. The whole stretch can be traveled in about 30 minutes.
The city has an extensive network of roads. The most prominent of these roads is the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue which begins in Monumento area. Also, the North Luzon Expressway Operations and Maintenance Center and the Balintawak Toll Barrier are also housed in Caloocan City.
The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument of Philippine revolutionary Andres Bonifacio, which is located at the end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The memorial was erected in 1933 with sculptures crafted by national artist Guillermo Tolentino to mark the very first battle of the Philippine revolution on August 3, 1896. Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA, which is 100 meters away from the landmark. The whole area is now known as Monumento (Monument). The city hall is located on A. Mabini Avenue in the southern part of the city, across the street from San Roque Parish Cathedral. The old city hall, on the other hand, still stands today in its present location at 9th Avenue. There is also a city hall in the northern part of the city.
The city's lone public university is the University of Caloocan City (formerly Caloocan City Polytechnic College). Other educational institution of higher learning are the University of the East - Caloocan, ABE International Business College (www.abecollege.com) Holy Redeemer School of Kalookan, World Citi Colleges and Manila Central University. Several high schools, such as Caloocan High School, Maria Clara High School, Notre Dame of Greater Manila, Caloocan City Science High School, Caloocan City Business High School, Guardian Angel School, Holy Infant Montessori Center, Saint Benedict School of Novaliches, Saint Andrew School MHANLE Inc., Philippine Cultural College (Annex), Systems Plus Computer College, St. Mary's Academy of Caloocan City, St. Clare College of Caloocan, Mystical Rose School of Caloocan, St. Agnes Academy of Caloocan Inc., St. Therese of Rose School, St. Joseph College of Novaliches, Maranatha Christian Academy of Caloocan (Camarin), Camarin High School, and the two campuses of La Consolacion College in which one is located in Novaliches in the northern part and the other one is located on the southern part, near the city hall. There is a campus here of Access Computer College, a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution.
Sister cities 
- "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Province: NCR, THIRD DISTRICT". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing: National Capital Region". National Statistics Office of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Caloocan City|
||Meycauayan and Marilao||San Jose del Monte|
|Valenzuela City||Quezon City|