Bus transport in Queensland

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Brisbane Transport MAN 18.310 with Volgren CR228L body

In Queensland, Australia, public bus services are coordinated by the Queensland Government's Department of Transport and Main Roads and provided by over 1000 operators. The coordination of public bus transport generally falls under three schemes: TransLink services, QConnect services and the remaining rural/regional school services. Some operators also provide entirely private bus services in Queensland which are not subject to the same route and ticketing regulation as the public route providers, or segments thereof, are.

TransLink services[edit]

The TransLink Transit Authority coordinates the provision all urban, and some school, bus services across South East Queensland. Responsibility for the actual delivery of bus services rests with the 17 subcontracted bus service providers across the region, such as Brisbane Transport, who operate services pursuant to TransLink's timetabling and integrated ticketing system known as the go card.[1]

TransLink combines its bus coordination with one rail and one ferry provider to form an integrated public transport system for the region.[2]

QConnect services[edit]

Main article: QConnect

QConnect, stylised as qconnect, is an agency of the Department which subsidises bus, rail and air networks in regional Queensland. QConnect coordinates the urban, and some school, bus services of 17 providers in large regional towns such as Warwick or Cairns. QConnect also coordinates a range of long distance coach services between regional towns, allowing residents of rural communities to travel by bus to larger population centres to access services such as healthcare or education services. The subsidisation of regional bus fares by the state government makes it more financially affordable for residents of rural communities to travel by bus, which would otherwise be cost-prohibitive for many commuters given the extremely large distances between some Queensland towns.[3]

Rural/regional school services[edit]

The remaining school bus runs not falling under qconnect jurisdiction in regional or rural Queensland are managed directly by the Department and delivered by over 700 local providers.[1]

Private operators[edit]

Private bus providers such as Greyhound Australia also operate within Queensland, providing separate intra- and interstate routes and route numbering systems. This is despite attempts (at least by TransLink) to introduce a uniform route numbering system.[4] Whilst these private bus operators are not route-regulated or price-regulated in the same way as local government owned providers or public transport providers, the Department of Transport and Main Roads assists private bus operators to develop efficient, sustainable and flexible transport services where necessary.[5]

History[edit]

A trolleybus in Edward Street shortly after the service commenced in 1951.

Historically, Brisbane operated a network of trolleybuses and trams which were closed in 1969 in favour of an increased bus fleet for Brisbane.

Infrastructure[edit]

Busways[edit]

In Brisbane, a 25 km network of busways has been constructed to allow public transport buses to bypass traffic congestion whilst providing interconnectivity with the Queensland Rail network. Dedicated bus lanes and general high-occupancy vehicle lanes (transit lanes) can be found throughout the state, giving buses a further mechanism to bypass traffic congestion, albeit in a slower (but cheaper) way as those lanes are rarely grade separated.

Bus stops[edit]

A 'flag pole' sign used at regular bus stops. The sign contains zone information and the TransLink's phone number.

Bus stops is a designated place where buses stop for passengers to board or leave a bus. There are four bus stop types which is used throughout Queensland. The type of bus stop used is depended on the number of passengers that will use the bus stop. These bus stop types include regular, intermediate, premium and signature.[6] 'Regular' bus stops is used for low frequency bus services with low passenger volumes and are located in outer suburban or non-urban areas.[7] 'Intermediate' bus stops is used by moderate frequency bus services with moderate passenger volumes and are located in suburban areas.[8] 'Premium' bus stops serviced by high frequency bus services with moderate to high passenger volumes and are located at major attractions (e.g. shopping centres). Premium bus stops may be located near bus priority measures such as bus queue jumps, bus lanes or transit lanes.[9] 'Signature' bus stops are located on busways, interchanges and streets in Brisbane CBD. The bus stop is used by high frequency bus services with moderate to high passenger volumes. These bus stops have adequate space for indented or off-road bus bays and standing room for three or more buses.[10]

Located on every bus stop is signage called the 'bus stop marker' which is used to indicate where the front door of the bus is located while the bus is at the stop.[11] There are three types of signages: Regular bus stops uses the 'flag pole';[7] Intermediate bus stops uses the 'j-pole';[8] both Premium and Signature bus stops use the 'blade'.[9][10] A list of bus stations is provided below:

Australia Fair bus station[edit]

Australia Fair
Bus Station
Station statistics
Address Scarborough Street, Southport
Coordinates 27°58′10″S 153°24′52″E / 27.969306°S 153.414572°E / -27.969306; 153.414572Coordinates: 27°58′10″S 153°24′52″E / 27.969306°S 153.414572°E / -27.969306; 153.414572
Platforms 1 side platform, 2 stops
Parking Park'n'Ride
Other information
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Fare zone 13

The Australia Fair Bus Station, at Southport, is serviced by TransLink bus routes. It is adjacent to the Australia Fair Shopping Centre and Southport Central and is located on either side of Scarborough Street. It is the main bus interchange for the northern areas of the Gold Coast. It is in Zone 13 of the TransLink integrated public transport system.

Some services continue to and terminate at the Southport Transit Centre, a dedicated coach terminal further north up Scarborough Street.

Interchanges[edit]

The Inala Plaza bus interchange.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Queensland Buses. "Welcome". 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  2. ^ Translink Transit Authority. "Ticket and Fare Integration". 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  3. ^ Department of Transport and Main Roads. "Long Distance Coaches". 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  4. ^ Duffin, Graham. "Brisbane Private Bus Operator Timetables". 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  5. ^ Department of Transport and Main Roads. "Public Transport". 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  6. ^ TransLink Transit Authority (June 2007). Public transport infrastructure manual (pdf). p. 9. 
  7. ^ a b TransLink Transit Authority (June 2007). Public transport infrastructure manual (pdf). pp. 9, 13–18. 
  8. ^ a b TransLink Transit Authority (June 2007). Public transport infrastructure manual (pdf). pp. 10, 12–13, 19–24. 
  9. ^ a b TransLink Transit Authority (June 2007). Public transport infrastructure manual (pdf). pp. 10, 12–13, 25–31. 
  10. ^ a b TransLink Transit Authority (June 2007). Public transport infrastructure manual (pdf). pp. 10, 12–13, 32–37. 
  11. ^ TransLink Transit Authority (June 2007). Public transport infrastructure manual (pdf). pp. 7, 58. 

External links[edit]