Calumet, Oklahoma

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Calumet, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Calumet, Oklahoma
Location of Calumet, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°36′2″N 98°7′13″W / 35.60056°N 98.12028°W / 35.60056; -98.12028Coordinates: 35°36′2″N 98°7′13″W / 35.60056°N 98.12028°W / 35.60056; -98.12028
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Canadian
Area
 • Total 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Land 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,381 ft (421 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 507
 • Density 390/sq mi (153.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73014
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-11050[1]
GNIS feature ID 1090810[2]

Calumet is a town in Canadian County, Oklahoma, United States and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. The population was 507 at the 2010 census, a 5.23 percent decrease since 2000.[3]

Incorporated in 1942, the town's land was settled in the Land Run of 1892.

History[edit]

Calumet incorporated in 1942 in order to construct a town water system.[4] Prior to its incorporation, the town existed as an unincorporated community with a post office, three combination mills and elevators, two general stores, a furniture store, and a hardware store.[4]

The town lies in an area that in 1803 was part of the Louisiana Purchase.[5] After the Organic Act of 1890 recreated the area as Oklahoma Territory, present-day Canadian County was designated as County Four and settled by non-Indian settlers through the Land Run of 1889, the Land Run of 1892, and a 1901 land lottery.[5] The Land Run of 1892 opened up the surplus Cheyenne-Arapaho lands to non-Indian settlement, which opened up Calumet.

Geography[edit]

Calumet is located in northwestern Canadian County, Oklahoma, 15 miles northwest of El Reno, at 35°36′2″N 98°7′13″W / 35.60056°N 98.12028°W / 35.60056; -98.12028 (35.600454, -98.120409).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total land area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), and no water.

The town lies just south of the North Canadian River,[7] on the border of the Red Bed Plains and Gypsum Hills ecoregions of Oklahoma.[8]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Calumet, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 46.9
(8.3)
52.1
(11.2)
62.4
(16.9)
72.7
(22.6)
80.3
(26.8)
88.4
(31.3)
94.4
(34.7)
93.4
(34.1)
84.6
(29.2)
73.7
(23.2)
59.8
(15.4)
49.2
(9.6)
71.5
(21.9)
Average low °F (°C) 24.2
(−4.3)
28.6
(−1.9)
37.3
(2.9)
47.6
(8.7)
56.3
(13.5)
65.1
(18.4)
69.9
(21.1)
68.3
(20.2)
60.9
(16.1)
49.6
(9.8)
37.2
(2.9)
27.5
(−2.5)
47.7
(8.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.8
(20)
1.2
(30)
2.1
(53)
2.4
(61)
4.5
(114)
4.3
(109)
2.1
(53)
2.2
(56)
3.8
(97)
2.2
(56)
1.7
(43)
0.9
(23)
28.1
(714)
Source: Weatherbase.com [9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 507 people, 187 households, and 130 families residing in the town.[10] The population density was 390 people per square mile (153.6/km²). There were 214 housing units at an average density of 164.6 per square mile (64.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 78.9% white, 13.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.4% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos were 4% of the population.

There were 187 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families.[10] Less than a third of households (28.9%) were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.[10] The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.28.[10]

In the town the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 24% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older.[10] The median age was 36.2 years.[10] For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were X males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,625, (compared to a national median income of $52,762) and the median income for a family was $56,607.[11] Males had a median income of $46,786 versus $26,875 for females.[11] The per capita income for the town was $27,113. An estimated 8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18.[11]

Education[edit]

Calumet contains three schools housed in one building: an elementary school, a junior high, and a high school.[12] A fourth school, Maple Public School, is separate from the Calumet school district.[12] Calumet High School serves 98 students and there are 19 students per teacher in the school.[13] Calumet Junior High School serves 39 seventh and eighth grade students.[14] Calumet Elementary School serves 138 students ranging from preschool to sixth grade, 13 to a teacher.[15] Maple Public School serves 157 students from preschool to eighth grade, 16 to a teacher.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Census Viewer: Calumet, Oklahoma (accessed November 4, 2013)
  4. ^ a b Savage, Cynthia. "Calumet," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  5. ^ a b Hedglen, Thomas L. "Canadian County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ North Canadian River map, Oklahoma Conservation Commission. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  8. ^ Oklahoma Geography, Glencoe.com. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  9. ^ "Historical Weather for Calumet, Oklahoma, United States". 
  10. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Demographic Profile Data, American FactFinder (accessed November 4, 2013)
  11. ^ a b c 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, American FactFinder. (accessed November 4, 2013)
  12. ^ a b GreatSchools.org Search: Calumet, OK (accessed October 16, 2013)
  13. ^ Calumet High School, Greatschools.org. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  14. ^ Calumet Junior High School, Greatschools.org. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  15. ^ Calumet Elementary School, Greatschools.org. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  16. ^ Maple Public School, Greatschools.org. (accessed October 16, 2013)

External links[edit]