Calumet, Oklahoma

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Calumet, Oklahoma
Town
Location of Calumet, Oklahoma
Location of Calumet, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°36′2″N 98°7′13″W / 35.60056°N 98.12028°W / 35.60056; -98.12028Coordinates: 35°36′2″N 98°7′13″W / 35.60056°N 98.12028°W / 35.60056; -98.12028
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Canadian
Area
 • Total 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Land 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,381 ft (421 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 507
 • Density 390/sq mi (153.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73014
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-11050[1]
GNIS feature ID 1090810[2]

Calumet is a town in Canadian County, Oklahoma, United States and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area. The population was 507 at the 2010 census, a 5.23 percent decrease since 2000.[3]

Incorporated in 1942, the town's land was settled in the Land Run of 1892.

History[edit]

Calumet incorporated in 1942 in order to construct a town water system.[4] Prior to its incorporation, the town existed as an unincorporated community with a post office, three combination mills and elevators, two general stores, a furniture store, and a hardware store.[4]

The town lies in an area that in 1803 was part of the Louisiana Purchase.[5] After the Organic Act of 1890 recreated the area as Oklahoma Territory, present-day Canadian County was designated as County Four and settled by non-Indian settlers through the Land Run of 1889, the Land Run of 1892, and a 1901 land lottery.[5] The Land Run of 1892 opened up the surplus Cheyenne-Arapaho lands to non-Indian settlement, which opened up Calumet.

Geography[edit]

Calumet is located in northwestern Canadian County, Oklahoma, 15 miles northwest of El Reno, at 35°36′2″N 98°7′13″W / 35.60056°N 98.12028°W / 35.60056; -98.12028 (35.600454, -98.120409).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total land area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), and no water.

The town lies just south of the North Canadian River,[7] on the border of the Red Bed Plains and Gypsum Hills ecoregions of Oklahoma.[8]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Calumet, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 46.9
(8.3)
52.1
(11.2)
62.4
(16.9)
72.7
(22.6)
80.3
(26.8)
88.4
(31.3)
94.4
(34.7)
93.4
(34.1)
84.6
(29.2)
73.7
(23.2)
59.8
(15.4)
49.2
(9.6)
71.5
(21.9)
Average low °F (°C) 24.2
(−4.3)
28.6
(−1.9)
37.3
(2.9)
47.6
(8.7)
56.3
(13.5)
65.1
(18.4)
69.9
(21.1)
68.3
(20.2)
60.9
(16.1)
49.6
(9.8)
37.2
(2.9)
27.5
(−2.5)
47.7
(8.7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.8
(20)
1.2
(30)
2.1
(53)
2.4
(61)
4.5
(114)
4.3
(109)
2.1
(53)
2.2
(56)
3.8
(97)
2.2
(56)
1.7
(43)
0.9
(23)
28.1
(714)
Source: Weatherbase.com [9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 507 people, 187 households, and 130 families residing in the town.[10] The population density was 390 people per square mile (153.6/km²). There were 214 housing units at an average density of 164.6 per square mile (64.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 78.9% white, 13.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 2.4% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos were 4% of the population.

There were 187 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families.[10] Less than a third of households (28.9%) were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.[10] The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.28.[10]

In the town the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 24% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older.[10] The median age was 36.2 years.[10] For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were X males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,625, (compared to a national median income of $52,762) and the median income for a family was $56,607.[11] Males had a median income of $46,786 versus $26,875 for females.[11] The per capita income for the town was $27,113. An estimated 8% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.6% of those under age 18.[11]

Education[edit]

Calumet contains three schools housed in one building: an elementary school, a junior high, and a high school.[12] A fourth school, Maple Public School, is separate from the Calumet school district.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Census Viewer: Calumet, Oklahoma (accessed November 4, 2013)
  4. ^ a b Savage, Cynthia. "Calumet," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society. Accessed April 18, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Hedglen, Thomas L. "Canadian County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society. Accessed April 18, 2015.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ North Canadian River map, Oklahoma Conservation Commission. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  8. ^ Oklahoma Geography, Glencoe.com. (accessed October 16, 2013)
  9. ^ "Historical Weather for Calumet, Oklahoma, United States". 
  10. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Demographic Profile Data, American FactFinder (accessed November 4, 2013)
  11. ^ a b c 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, American FactFinder. (accessed November 4, 2013)
  12. ^ a b GreatSchools.org Search: Calumet, OK (accessed October 16, 2013)

External links[edit]