Calumet County, Wisconsin
|Calumet County, Wisconsin|
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
|• Total||397 sq mi (1,028 km2)|
|• Land||320 sq mi (828 km2)|
|• Water||77 sq mi (200 km2), 19.44|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Calumet County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It is included in the Appleton, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, the county's population was 48,971. The county seat is Chilton.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Dairy industry
- 5 Regions
- 6 Cities, villages, and towns
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Recreation
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
In the 1830s, the United States government relocated Native Americans from New York State and New England to the southwest part of the county; these included the Brothertown Indians, Oneida Indians, and Stockbridge-Munsee Indians. This was a second migration for the Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians, who had moved to New York after the American Revolutionary War. The Oneida shared land on their reservation with these peoples, who had been displaced by the years of colonization in New England, warfare and disease. Each of the three groups are federally recognized with reservations in Wisconsin.
The county was legally organized on February 5, 1850 by Chapter 84 Laws of 1850.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397 square miles (1,028.2 km2), of which 320 square miles (828.8 km2) is land and 77 square miles (199.4 km2) (19.44%) is water. The west boundary is largely in Lake Winnebago. The Niagara Escarpment runs north-south several miles east of the western boundary. The topography has been greatly influenced by glaciation.
- Brown County – northeast
- Manitowoc County – east
- Sheboygan County – southeast
- Fond du Lac County – southwest
- Winnebago County – west
- Outagamie County – northwest
- U.S. Highway 10
- U.S. Highway 151
- Highway 32 (Wisconsin)
- Highway 55 (Wisconsin)
- Highway 57 (Wisconsin)
- Highway 114 (Wisconsin)
- Highway 441 (Wisconsin)
|WI Counties 1900-1990|
As of the census of 2000, there were 40,631 people, 14,910 households, and 11,167 families residing in the county. The population density was 127 per square mile (49 /km2). There were 15,758 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.68% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.55% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 63.4% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English, 1.7% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.
There were 14,910 households out of which 38.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 20.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.00 males.
The University of Wisconsin–Extension has compiled statistics on Calumet County's dairy industry. Calumet County has more bovines (cattle and calves) than people. As of 2010 there are 28,600 head of dairy cows and 65,000 head of bovine total (that includes dairy cows, beef cattle, and calves.) 73% of land in the county is owned by farmers. 2400 residents are employed in farming. Agriculture results in $338 million in economic activity, and it contributes $68.2 million in income to the county total income (including $7.2 million towards taxes). As of 2007, 99.3% of farms are owned by individuals, families, family partnerships or family corporations. Only 0.7% are owned by non-family corporate entities. As of April 1, 2010, Calumet county had 174 farms with dairy herd licenses.
In 1931, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture described Calumet County as "one of the most important producers of American cheese among the counties of Wisconsin."
The Holyland is partially located in southern Calumet County.
Cities, villages, and towns
- Calumetville (partial)
- Dorns Faro Springs Beach
- Dorns Twilight Beach
- Eckers Lakeland
- Forest Junction
- Highland Beach
- Maple Heights
- Meggers (partial)
- Rockaway Beach
- St. Anna (partial)
- St. John
- Utowana Beach
- Waverly Beach (partial)
- Wells (partial)
No interstate highways run through Calumet County. There are several U.S. routes in the county. U.S. Route 10 runs east-west across the north edge of the county. U.S. Route 151 runs north-south near the west edge of the county, and turns east-west at the middle of the county. North-south state highways include 55 along the west edge, and 32/57 through the center. East-west state highways include 114 at the northwest corner of the county, and the now defunct 149 along the southeast corner. The Tri-County Expressway (WI 441) runs in an east-west to north-south curve in the extreme northwest corner of the county within Appleton city limits.
Nearly the entire west boundary of the county is located in Lake Winnebago. The first non-natives to enter the county most likely came in the county from the lake through the Fox River. The Manitowoc River and Sheboygan River both run through the county and flow into Lake Michigan through neighboring counties.
Calumet County Fairgrounds
The west boundary of the county is located almost entirely in Lake Winnebago. Boaters use the lake for recreational boating and fishing in the summer. The lake is the site of ice fishing in the winter, and the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources manages a sturgeon spearing season in February.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Stories compiled and presented by the New Holstein Historical Society. Pioneer's Corner. pp. 69–70.
- Wulff, Eugene C. The New Holstein Story.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Calumet County Agriculture: Value and economic impact". University of Wisconsin–Extension. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
- Wisconsin Farm Reporter, Wisconsin Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service; May 25, 2010; Volume 10, Number 11
- November 23, 2006 article "Looking Back" Chilton Times-Journal, Page 7.
- Mike Mathes "Homestead, Avery case top '06 news"; January 4, 2007; Page 2; Tri-County News