Calumet Township, Michigan

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Calumet Township, Michigan
Township
Silver and copper mineral specimen from the old Wolverine Mine
Silver and copper mineral specimen from the old Wolverine Mine
Calumet Township, Michigan is located in Michigan
Calumet Township, Michigan
Calumet Township, Michigan
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 47°14′58″N 88°26′41″W / 47.24944°N 88.44472°W / 47.24944; -88.44472Coordinates: 47°14′58″N 88°26′41″W / 47.24944°N 88.44472°W / 47.24944; -88.44472
Country United States
State Michigan
County Houghton
Area
 • Total 33.3 sq mi (86.3 km2)
 • Land 33.3 sq mi (86.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 1,191 ft (363 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 6,997
 • Density 210.4/sq mi (81.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 49913, 49942
Area code(s) 906
FIPS code 26-12600[1]
GNIS feature ID 1626023[2]

Calumet Township (/kæl.juːˈmɛt/ kal-yew-MET) is a charter township of Houghton County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 6,997 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Native Americans mined copper in Calumet Township thousands of years ago.

Calumet Township was organized in 1866.[3]

Calumet emerged as three mining villages of Laurium, Hecla and South Hecla.

Another village was known as Red Jacket, which existed as an incorporated village before 1929, in which year Laurium, Hecla, South Hecla and Red Jacket were combined. Calumet Township housed 60 saloons, 33 churches, 30 schools and five theatres.

The Wolverine Mine opened in 1882. Large-scale production began in 1890. The mine closed in 1925. The old Wolverine Mine is famous among mineral collectors for copper, silver, epidote, and quartz specimens.[4]

Communities[edit]

  • Albion Station is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Blue Jacket is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Calumet is an incorporated village in the township.
  • Centennial is a community in the township
  • Centennial Heights is a community in the township
  • Desjardins Ville is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Hecla is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Kearsarge is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Lakeview is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Phillipsville is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Raymbaultown is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Swedetown is an unincorporated community in the township
  • Wolverine, an unincorporated community at 47°16′11″N 88°25′10″W / 47.26972°N 88.41944°W / 47.26972; -88.41944.[5] It was named for the Wolverine Mine, which opened in 1882 and at one point held sixth place among copper-producing mines on Lake Superior.[6]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Calumet Township boasts numerous recreation areas. Parks, playgrounds, fishing areas, and beaches are scattered all over the township.

Parks[edit]

  • Agassiz Park (Calumet Village)
  • Italian Hall Memorial (Calumet Village)
  • Calumet Theater Park (Calumet Village)
  • George Gipp Memorial (Laurium Village)
  • Daniel Park (Laurium Village)
  • Copper City Playground (Copper City Village)
  • War Memorial (Kearsarge)
  • Heights Park & Playground (Centennial Heights)
  • Calumet Lake Park (Just outside of Calumet Village)
  • Calumet Waterworks Park & Beach (On Lake Superior)

Recreation areas[edit]

Calumet Colosseum
  • Agassiz Park (Calumet Village. Basketball Court, Horseshoe Pits)
  • Agassiz Field (Calumet Village. Football Field)
  • Legion Field (Just outside of Calumet Village. Soccer Field)
  • George Gipp Recreation Area (Laurium Village. Ice Arena, Baseball Field, Basketball Courts)
  • Kearsarge Park (Kearsarge. Basketball Court)
  • Wolverine Field (Kearsarge. Baseball Field)
  • The Calumet Colosseum (Calumet Village. Ice Arena)
  • Traprock Valley Field (Traprock Valley. Baseball Field)
  • Swedetown Recreation Area (Swedetown. Ski Trails, Bike Trails, Sledding Hill, Fishing Docks)

Public works and utilities[edit]

Public works[edit]

Calumet Township Public Works Department maintains all parks and recreation areas within the unincorporated parts of the township. Calumet and Laurium Villages both offer street departments. The village street departments maintain roads, sidewalks, and parks in there respective limits. The Michigan Department of Transportation maintains state and federal highways which run through the township. The Houghton County Road Commission maintains all secondary roads within the unincorporated parts of the township.

Utilities[edit]

Water service is provided by Michigan American Water Company. Sewage service is provided by the North Houghton County Sewer Authority. Power is provided in the populated area by Upper Peninsula Power Company. In the rural areas, power is provided by Rural Electrical Association. Cable service is provided by Charter Communications. Phone service is mainly provided by AT&T.

Sanitation[edit]

Laurium Village offers their residents village provided garbage pickup. Calumet Village contracts through Waste Management. The rest of the unincorporated township and the Village of Copper City contracts through Bukema Trucking & Sanitation.

Public safety[edit]

Police[edit]

Calumet Township is home to the Calumet Township Police Department. The Michigan State Police Calumet Post and the Houghton County Sheriffs Office also helps patrol the unincorporated parts of the township. Both Calumet Village and Laurium Village operate separate police departments.

Fire and rescue[edit]

The Calumet Township Fire & Rescue Department provides direct fire protection and suppression to the unincorporated areas of the township. Calumet Village, Laurium Village, and Copper City Village provide separate fire departments for there respective villages. Calumet Township Fire & Rescue provides vehicle extrication and high angle rescue to all of Calumet Township, Osceola Township, and all of Keweenaw County.

Medical[edit]

Mercy EMS Inc. is a privately owned ambulance company with a station located in Laurium. Aspirus Keweenaw Hospital offers direct care of in-patient and outpatients. A 24 hour emergency room and intensive care unit is also on premises.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 33.3 square miles (86 km2), of which 33.2 square miles (86 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.21%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 3,182
1880 8,290 160.5%
1890 12,529 51.1%
1900 25,991 107.4%
1910 32,845 26.4%
1920 22,369 −31.9%
1930 16,033 −28.3%
1940 13,362 −16.7%
1950 10,283 −23.0%
1960 9,192 −10.6%
1970 8,271 −10.0%
1980 7,965 −3.7%
1990 7,015 −11.9%
2000 6,997 −0.3%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 6,997 people, 2,892 households, and 1,697 families residing in the township. The population density was 210.4 per square mile (81.2/km²). There were 3,573 housing units at an average density of 107.5 per square mile (41.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.37% White, 0.11% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population. 40.7% were of Finnish, 10.1% German, 8.1% Italian, 6.8% French and 6.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,892 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the township the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $24,928, and the median income for a family was $34,236. Males had a median income of $26,985 versus $21,420 for females. The per capita income for the township was $14,711. About 11.9% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Calumet Township, Michigan
  3. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 94
  4. ^ Wolverine Mine at Mindat.org
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Wolverine
  6. ^ Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X. 

External links[edit]