|Gray's||subject #47 189|
The calvaria or skullcap (feminine Latin noun with plural calvariae; however many medical texts list the word as "calvarium", neuter Latin noun with plural "calvaria") is the upper part of the cranium and surrounds the cranial cavity containing the brain.
The outer surface of the skull possesses a number of landmarks. The point at which the frontal bone and the two parietal bones meet is known as "Bregma". The point at which the two parietal and occipital bones meet is known as "Lambda". Not only do these landmarks indicate the fontanelle in newborns, they also act as reference points in medicine and surgery.
The inner surface of the skull-cap is concave and presents depressions for the convolutions of the cerebrum, together with numerous furrows for the lodgement of branches of the meningeal vessels.
Along the middle line is a longitudinal groove, narrow in front, where it commences at the frontal crest, but broader behind; it lodges the superior sagittal sinus, and its margins afford attachment to the falx cerebri.
- Tubbs, R Shane; Loukas Marios, Shoja Mohammadali M, Apaydin Nihal, Salter E George, Oakes W Jerry (April 2008). "The intriguing history of the human calvaria: sinister and religious". Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (Germany) 24 (4): 417–22. doi:10.1007/s00381-007-0509-0. ISSN 0256-7040. PMID 18026961.
- calvaria at eMedicine Dictionary
- Cross section at UV skull/calv-inf
- Cross section at UV skull/calv-sup