Calvatia

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Calvatia
Calvatia excipuliformis.jpg
Calvatia excipuliformis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Calvatia
Fr. (1849)
Type species
Calvatia craniiformis
(Schwein.) Fr. (1849)
Synonyms
  • Omalycus Raf. (1814)
  • Hippoperdon Mont. (1842)
  • Hypoblema Lloyd (1902)

Calvatia is a genus of puffball mushrooms that includes the spectacular giant puffball C. gigantea. It was formerly classified within the now-obsolete order Lycoperdales, which, following a restructuring of fungal taxonomy brought about by molecular phylogeny, has been split; the puffballs, Calvatia spp. are now placed in the family Agaricaceae of the order Agaricales.

Most species in the genus Calvatia are edible when young, though some are best avoided, such as Calvatia fumosa, which has a very pungent odor.

The name Calvatia derives from the Latin calvus meaning "bald" and calvaria, meaning "dome of the skull".

Species[edit]

The "brain puffball",Calvatia craniiformis
Calvatia sculpta

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khalid AN, Iqbal SH. (2004). "Calvatia ahmadii sp.nov., from Pakistan" (PDF). Pakistan Journal of Botany 36 (3): 669–71. 
  2. ^ a b c Lange M. (1990). "Arctic Gasteromycetes. II. Calvatia in Greenland, Svalbard, Arctic Ocean and Iceland". Nordic Journal of Botany 9 (5): 525–46. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.1990.tb00545.x. 
  3. ^ Alves CR, Cortez VG. (2013). "Calvatia guzmanii sp. nov. (Agaricaceae, Basidiomycota) from Paraná State, Brazil". Phytotaxa 85 (2): 35–40. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.85.2.1. 
  4. ^ da Silva Alfredo D, Rodrigues ACM, Baseia IG. (2014). "Calvatia nodulata, a new gasteroid fungus from Brazilian semiarid region". Journal of Mycology. 697602. doi:10.1155/2014/697602.  open access publication - free to read
  5. ^ Suarez VL, Wright JE, Calonge FD. (2009). "Calvatia oblongispora sp. nov. from Brazil, with close affinities to Calvatia sporocristata from Costa Rica". Mycotaxon 108: 323–7. 
  6. ^ Kreisel H. (1989). "Studies in the Calvatia complex (Basidiomycetes)". Nova Hedwigia 48: 281–96. 
  7. ^ Calonge FD, Mata M, Carranza J. (2003). "Calvatia sporocristata sp. nov. (Gasteromycetes) from Costa Rica". Revista de Biologia Tropical 51 (1): 79–84. PMID 15162683.  open access publication - free to read
  8. ^ Kasuya T, Retnowati A. (2006). "New or noteworthy species of the genus Calvatia Fr. (Basidiomycota) with probable medicinal value from Indonesia". International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 8 (3): 283–8. doi:10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v8.i3.100. 

External links[edit]