Calvert County, Maryland
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2007)|
|Calvert County, Maryland|
Location in the state of Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
|• Total||345.09 sq mi (894 km2)|
|• Land||215.17 sq mi (557 km2)|
|• Water||129.91 sq mi (336 km2), 37.65%|
|• Density||413/sq mi (159.3/km²)|
Calvert County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. It occupies the Calvert Peninsula which is bordered on the east by the Chesapeake Bay and on the west by the Patuxent River. Calvert County is part of the Southern Maryland region. Calvert County's residents are among the highest median household-income in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 88,737. Its county seat is the town of Prince Frederick, Maryland.
The county's name is derived from the family name of the Barons of Baltimore, the proprietors of the English Colony of Maryland.
- 1 Business and Industry
- 2 History
- 3 Law and government
- 4 Geography
- 5 Education
- 6 Climate
- 7 Notable residents
- 8 Movies and Television
- 9 Adjacent counties
- 10 Demographics
- 11 Cities and towns
- 12 Highways and Roads
- 13 See also
- 14 Notes
- 15 References
- 16 External links
Business and Industry
The Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, part of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science is located in Solomons, Maryland.
According to the County's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Calvert County Public Schools||2,264|
|2||Calvert County Government||1,257|
|3||Calvert Memorial Hospital||1,057|
|6||Arc of Southern Maryland||455|
|9||Chesapeake Beach Resort & Spa||230|
First settled as Charles County (not the same as present-day Charles County, Maryland) around 1650, it was renamed. Patuxent County was established in 1654 by an Order in Council. In 1658 the county was renamed Calvert County. It is one of the older counties in Maryland, after St. Mary's County, Kent County and Anne Arundel County.
Once made up primarily of farms and tobacco fields, the county was/is slowly claiming its place as a fast-growing exurban neighbor of Washington. Many home prices have nearly quadrupled in the past decade, with many four-bedroom homes in the northern half of the county averaging over $1,000,000. The popular weekend resort towns Solomons, Maryland, Chesapeake Beach, Maryland and North Beach, Maryland are notable.
Law and government
Calvert County is governed by a group of five county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in the state of Maryland.
|Commissioner||Gerald W. "Jerry" Clark||Republican||1|
|Vice President||Steven R. Weems||Republican||At-Large|
The county regularly elects prominent Democrats, including the second most powerful Democrat in the United States House of Representatives Steny H. Hoyer and State Senate President Thomas V. "Mike" Miller, Jr. (D). However, the County Commissioners are entirely Republican.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 345.09 square miles (893.8 km2), of which 215.17 square miles (557.3 km2) (or 62.35%) is land and 129.91 square miles (336.5 km2) (or 37.65%) is water.
Calvert County is served by Calvert County Public Schools. The county's education system consists of 13 elementary schools, 6 middle schools, 4 high schools, vocational education center, and a variety of other facilities.
Calvert County lies in the Humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and mild to chilly winters with plentiful precipitation year-round. Its proximity to the Chesapeake Bay has a moderating effect on temperatures compared with locales further inland.
- Tom Clancy, author
- Judy Woodruff, news anchor and journalist
- Al Hunt, Bloomberg News executive editor
- Doug Hill, WJLA-TV weatherman
- Robert Ulanowicz, theoretical ecologist
- Bernie Fowler, former Maryland State Senator and Patuxent River advocate
- Thomas V. Miller, Jr., Maryland Senate president
- Michael Willis, actor
- Judith Catchpole, an indentured servant who in 1656 was tried and acquitted of murdering her unborn child by one of the earliest all-female juries in the United States
- Roger Brooke Taney, Chief Justice of the United States, presided over the Dred Scott decision
- Louis L. Goldstein, former Comptroller of Maryland
- Arthur Storer, first astronomer in the American colonies, original namesake for Halley's Comet
- Thomas Johnson, first elected governor of Maryland, Continental Congress delegate, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
- Louisa Adams, First Lady of the United States, wife of President John Quincy Adams
- Margaret Taylor, First Lady of the United States, wife of President Zachary Taylor
- Joseph Kent, U.S. Senator, governor of Maryland
- Augustus Rhodes Sollers, U.S. Representative
- Cupid Childs, professional baseball player
- Brett Cecil, professional baseball player for the Toronto Blue Jays
- Jon Franklin, two-time Pulitzer winner and author[better source needed]
- Robert McClain Pro football player for the Atlanta Falcons
- Earl F. Hance, Secretary of the Maryland Department of Agriculture
Movies and Television
Calvert County has been the setting for several movies and television programs. The opening scene of the 1993 Clint Eastwood movie In the Line of Fire was filmed at Flag Harbor Marina in St. Leonard. More recently, the Calvert County Sheriff's Department has been featured on several reality television programs, including Speeders on the truTV network and MTV's Busted.
- Anne Arundel County (north)
- Prince George's County (northwest)
- Charles County (west)
- Dorchester County (east)
- Talbot County (east)
- St. Mary's County (south)
The ethnic makeup of the country, according to the 2010 U.S. Census, was the following:
- 81.4% White
- 13.4% Black
- 0.4% Native American
- 1.4% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 2.7% Two or more races
- 0.7% Other races
- 2.7% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2000, there were 74,563 people, 25,447 households, and 20,154 families residing in the county. The population density was 346 people per square mile (134/km²). There were 27,576 housing units at an average density of 128 per square mile (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.93% White, 13.11% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. 1.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.5% were of Irish, 15.0% German, 12.0% English, 11.5% United States or American and 7.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 25,447 households out of which 41.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.80% were non-families. 16.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 8.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $65,945, and the median income for a family was $71,545 (these figures had risen to $88,989 and $100,229 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $48,664 versus $32,265 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,410. About 3.10% of families and 4.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.10% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2010 Census the racial and ethnic make-up of the Calvert County Population was 79.65% Non-Hispanic whites, 13.44% blacks, 0.37% Native Americans, 1.42% Asians, 0.05% Pacific Islanders, 0.12% Non-Hispanics reporting some other race, 2.40% Non-Hispanics reporting multiple races and 2.75% Hispanic.
Cities and towns
Calvert County includes two municipalities, both classified as towns under Maryland law:
Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
- Calvert Beach-Long Beach (a combination of the communities of Calvert Beach and Long Beach recognized as a unit by many people)
- Chesapeake Ranch Estates-Drum Point (a combination of the communities of Chesapeake Ranch Estates and Drum Point recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
- Prince Frederick
- St. Leonard
Dunkirk, Huntingtown, Lusby, Owings, Prince Frederick, St. Leonard and Solomons have all been designated by Calvert County government as being "town centers." The "town center" designation means while these communities may not have incorporated central governments, they do have specified boundaries surrounding the central business and residential areas for zoning purposes. The reason behind the "town center" designation is to cluster new development within established areas with existing infrastructure, thus discouraging urban sprawl. The implementation of the "town center" concept in Calvert County over the past two decades has for the most part been successful in preserving rural and agricultural areas outside the designated "town centers", and stands as a key example of the smart growth planning strategy.
Other unincorporated places not listed as Census-Designated Places but known in the area include:
Highways and Roads
The main artery serving Calvert County is Maryland Route 4 (which begins in Washington, D.C. as Pennsylvania Avenue before crossing into Prince Georges County, Maryland and Anne Arundel County, Maryland). Route 4 in Calvert County begins at the very northern tip of the county at Lyons Creek, approximately 3 miles north of Dunkirk. At Sunderland, Route 4 meets Maryland Route 2 (traveling south as a two-lane road from Annapolis) and the two roads merge as Maryland Route 2-4. Route 2-4 continues south through Prince Frederick, St. Leonard and Lusby. At Solomons, Routes 2 and 4 split again, with Route 2 heading towards downtown Solomons and Route 4 crossing the Patuxent River at the Governor Thomas Johnson Bridge into St. Mary's County.
Route 2-4 is designated Solomons Island Road throughout much of the county, with the section south of Prince Frederick being recently renamed Louis Goldstein Highway in memory of Louis L. Goldstein, the former comptroller of Maryland and Calvert County resident.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Route 2-4 underwent an extensive expansion project, with the formerly two-lane road becoming a four-lane dual highway. Certain portions of the highway were re-aligned, with the former roadway becoming Maryland Route 765. The final portion of the dualized Route 2-4 between St. Leonard and Solomons was completed in 1988. In 2009, a portion of Route 2-4 in Prince Frederick was expanded to 3 lines, along with sidewalks added.
Other major roadways in Calvert County include:
- Maryland Route 231, which travels west from Prince Frederick to the Patuxent River, ultimately crossing the river at the Benedict Bridge into Charles County.
- Maryland Route 260, which starts at an overpass interchange at the Calvert-Anne Arundel border and travels southeast to Chesapeake Beach. A portion of Route 260 is a four-lane dual highway.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
- Calvert County, Maryland Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2009
- Arnett, pp 92, discusses role of Robert Brooke, Sr.
- Calvert County Guide states that it was the Puritans, who named it for an Indian word meaning "place where tobacco grows"
- Maryland Online Encyclopedia Calvert County
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Zoning Information". Calvert County Department of Economic Development. Retrieved 2007-10-06.[dead link]
- "Architectural Review in Calvert County". Calvert County Planning and Zoning. 2007-03-06. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Arnett, Earl; Dr. Robert J Brugger, Edward C. Papenfuse (1999). Maryland: A New Guide to the Old Line State. Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- "Calvert County". Maryland Online Encyclopedia. 2005. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- "Calvert County Guide". Southern Maryland Info. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
|Wikisource has the text of an 1879 American Cyclopædia article about Calvert County, Maryland.|
||Prince George's County||Anne Arundel County|
|Charles County||Dorchester County and Talbot County|
|St. Mary's County|