Location in Fresno County and the state of California
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• State Senator||Tom Berryhill (R)|
|• State Assembly||Henry T. Perea (D)|
|• U. S. Congress||Jim Costa (D)|
|• Total||0.624 sq mi (1.617 km2)|
|• Land||0.624 sq mi (1.617 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||292 ft (89 m)|
|• Density||3,300/sq mi (1,300/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||93725, 93745|
|GNIS feature IDs||1655859, 2582958|
Calwa (formerly, Calwa City) is an unincorporated census-designated place in Fresno County, California, U.S. The population was 2,052 at the 2010 census, up from 762 at the 2000 census. Calwa is located 4 miles (6.4 km) south-southeast of downtown Fresno, at an elevation of 292 feet (89 m). The name was taken from the acronym for "California Wine Association" (CalWA).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the community has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.
The Calwa City post office opened in 1913, and changed its name to Calwa in 1949.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Calwa had a population of 2,052. The population density was 3,286.4 people per square mile (1,268.9/km²). The racial makeup of Calwa was 995 (48.5%) White, 24 (1.2%) African American, 67 (3.3%) Native American, 43 (2.1%) Asian, 9 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 846 (41.2%) from other races, and 68 (3.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,848 persons (90.1%).
The Census reported that 2,052 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 480 households, out of which 298 (62.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 221 (46.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 108 (22.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 83 (17.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 74 (15.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 41 households (8.5%) were made up of individuals and 8 (1.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.28. There were 412 families (85.8% of all households); the average family size was 4.33.
The population was spread out with 735 people (35.8%) under the age of 18, 268 people (13.1%) aged 18 to 24, 567 people (27.6%) aged 25 to 44, 359 people (17.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 123 people (6.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.6 years. For every 100 females there were 114.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.6 males.
There were 531 housing units at an average density of 850.4 per square mile (328.3/km²), of which 196 (40.8%) were owner-occupied, and 284 (59.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.8%. 817 people (39.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,235 people (60.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 762 people, 208 households, and 177 families residing in Calwa. The population density was 2,845.1 people per square mile (1,089.7/km²). There were 227 housing units at an average density of 847.5 per square mile (324.6/km²). The racial makeup of the community was 25.46% White, 0.92% Black or African American, 2.62% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 65.88% from other races, and 4.59% from two or more races. 94.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 208 households out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.9% were non-families. 9.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.66 and the average family size was 3.90.
The population is spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.
The median income for a household in the community was $28,983, and the median income for a family was $28,285. Males had a median income of $32,167 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the community was $8,292. About 27.9% of families and 28.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.9% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.
- "Calwa". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey.
- "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- "California's 16th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- U.S. Census
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1011. ISBN 9781884995149.
- Temple, Robert D. Edge Effects: The Border-Name Places, (2nd edition, 2009), iUniverse, ISBN 978-0-595-47758-6, page 324.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.