Calyce (mythology)

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In Greek mythology, Kalyke (Καλύκη), Calyce or Calycia is the name of several characters.

  • A daughter of Aeolus and Enarete. Some sources state that she was the mother of Endymion, king of Elis, by her husband Aethlius, king of Elis[1] or by Zeus.[2] Other sources make her mother, not wife, of Aethlius (again by Zeus), and omit her giving birth to Endymion.[3]
  • Also called Harpale or Scamandrodice, the mother of Poseidon's son Cycnus.[5] She is given as the daughter of Hecaton. Cycnus was born in secret, and left to die on the coast, but went on to become a king.[6]
  • A chaste maiden who was in love with one Euathlus and prayed to Aphrodite that she may become his wife rather than mistress. Nevertheless, Euathlus rejected her and she threw herself off a cliff.[7]

Modern references[edit]

  • The lunar crater Kalyke is named after the first Kalyke, as is a moon of Jupiter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 1. 2.
  2. ^ Bibliotheca 1. 7. 5
  3. ^ Hesiod, Catalogue of Women frr. 10(a) and 245 (quoted in scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4. 57).
  4. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 14. 219 ff; 29. 251
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 157; Scholia on Pindar Olympian Ode 2. 147; Tzetzes on Lycophron 233.
  6. ^ A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. By various writers. Ed. by William Smith. Illustrated by numerous engravings on wood. Author: Smith, William, Sir, ed. 1813-1893.
  7. ^ Athenaeus, Banquet of the Learned, 14. 11, referring to Stesichorus