Calynda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Calydna)
Jump to: navigation, search

Calynda (also Calinda, Calydna, or Karynda) was a city in ancient Caria.[1]

History[edit]

It was probably situated at the boundary of Lycia and Caria, for it is placed in the former territory by Ptolemy (xxxi, 16), in the latter by Stephanus Byzantius. Stephanus gives also another form of the name, Karynda. Calynda must be carefully distinguished from Kalydna, Kalydnos, Karyanda and Kadyanda.

Its king, Damasithymos, was an ally of Queen Artemisia I of Caria (Herodotus, VIII, lxxxvii; Pliny, V, xxvii, who writes its name Calydna). It is mentioned among the cities that struck coins in the Roman period.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

Its Christian history is very short, for it is not mentioned in the Notitiæ episcopatuum. We know only that it was at a certain time a suffragan of Myra, the metropolis of Lycia. Bishop Leontius of Calynda is mentioned in 458 (Mansi, Concil., VII, 580) in the letter of the Lycian bishops to the Byzantine Emperor Leo I the Thracian.

It remains a Roman Catholic titular see.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]