Calyptorhynchus

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Calyptorhynchus
RedTailedBlackCockatoo (Redphoenix).jpg
Calyptorhynchus banksii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Cacatuoidea
Family: Cacatuidae
Subfamily: Calyptorhynchinae
Bonaparte, 1853
Genus: Calyptorhynchus
Desmarest, 1826
Species

5, in two subgenera

Described by French naturalist Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest in 1826,[1] the genus Calyptorhynchus has five species. They are all mostly black in colour, and the taxa may be differentiated partly by size and partly by small areas of red, grey and yellow plumage especially in the tail feathers. It is the largest genus of the "dark cockatoo" subfamily Calyptorhynchinae which now is recognized to contain also the other sexually dichromatic species, the Gang-gang Cockatoo and probably the cockatiel which despite its unique appearance may actually be the closest living relative of Calyptorhynchus (Brown & Toft, 1999, but see Astuti, 2004?). Two subgenera (Calyptorhynchus and Zanda) are recognized based on the colouration of the species, and presence of sexual dimorphism:

  • Subgenus Calyptorhynchus - black-and-red cockatoos
    • Red-tailed Black Cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii banksii
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii graptogyne
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii macrorhynchus
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii naso
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) banksii samueli
    • Glossy Black Cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami lathami
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami erebus
      • Calyptorhynchus (Calyptorhynchus) lathami halmaturinus
  • Subgenus Zanda - black-and-yellow/white cockatoos

References[edit]

  1. ^ Desmarest, Anselme Gaëtan (1826). "Parrots" [Parrots]. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature... [Dictionary of Natural Sciences, where all naural beings are treated methodically...] (in French). 39 (PEROQ–PHOQ). Strasbourg: F.G. Levrault. pp. 21, 117. OCLC 4345179. 
  2. ^ Higgins, p. 76.
  • Astuti, Dwi (2004?): A phylogeny of cockatoos (Aves: Psittaciformes) inferred from DNA sequences of the seventh intron of nuclear β-fibrinogen gene. Doctoral work, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Japan. PDF fulltext
  • Brown, D.M. & Toft, C.A. (1999): Molecular systematics and biogeography of the cockatoos (Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae). Auk 116(1): 141-157.
  • Higgins, P.J. (1999). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. Volume 4: Parrots to Dollarbird. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-553071-3.