Baudin's Black Cockatoo
|Baudin's Black Cockatoo|
|Female at Margaret River, Western Australia|
|Male at Margaret River, Western Australia|
|Range in red|
Baudin's Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus baudinii), also known as Baudin's Cockatoo or Long-billed Black Cockatoo, is a large black cockatoo found in Australia. The binomial commemorates the French explorer Nicolas Baudin.
Baudin's Black Cockatoo is about 56 cm (22 in) long. It is mostly dark-grey with narrow vague light-grey scalloping, which is produced by narrow pale-grey margins at the tip of dark-grey feathers. It has a crest of short feathers on its head, and it has whitish patches of feathers that cover its ears. Its lateral tail feathers are white with black tips, and the central tail feathers are all black. The irises are dark brown and the legs are brown-grey. Its beak is longer and narrower than that of the closely related and similar Carnaby's Black Cockatoo.
The adult male has a dark grey beak and pink eye-rings. The adult female has a bone coloured beak, grey eye-rings, and its ear patches are paler than that of the male. Juveniles have a bone coloured beak, grey eye-rings, and have less white in the tail feathers.
One individual had reached an age of 47 years by 1996.
Distribution and habitat
The Baudin's Black Cockatoo is one of two species of white-tailed black cockatoo endemic to south-western Australia which were only separated taxonomically in 1948. It is closely associated with moist, heavily forested areas dominated by Marri and is threatened by habitat destruction.
Sites identified by BirdLife International as being important for Baudin's Black Cockatoo conservation are Araluen-Wungong, Gidgegannup, Jalbarragup, Mundaring-Kalamunda, North Dandalup, the Stirling Range and The Lakes.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Calyptorhynchus baudinii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Christidis, Les and Walter E. Boles (2008) Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds ISBN 978-0-643-06511-6
- Forshaw (2006). plate 1.
- Brouwer K, Jones M, King C, Schifter H (2000). "Longevity records for Psittaciformes in captivity". International Zoo Yearbook 37: 299–316. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1090.2000.tb00735.x.
- "Baudin’s Black-Cockatoo". Important Bird Areas. BirdLife International. 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
- Forshaw, Joseph M. (2006). Parrots of the World; an Identification Guide. Illustrated by Frank Knight. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-09251-6.