Camair Twin Navion

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Twin Navion
Twin Navion.JPG
A similar TEMCO-Riley D-16A conversion in July 2010
Role Utility aircraft
Manufacturer Camair
First flight 1953
Number built 33
Developed from Ryan Navion

The Camair Twin Navion was a civil utility aircraft produced in the United States in the 1950s by converting single-engine Ryan Navions to twin-engine power. It was one of two such programs to improve the performance of the otherwise-pleasing Navion that was generally considered to be underpowered (the other program resulting in the TEMCO-Riley D-16A Twin Navion). This Twin Navion design was undertaken by the White brothers of White Engineering in San Antonio, Texas. They replaced the Navion's engine with a baggage compartment, mounted two engines within new nacelles attached to the wing leading edges, fitted the aircraft with a new tail fin made of fiberglass, and added tip tanks made from recycled WWII napalm canisters. Designated the WE-1, the prototype and the rights were sold to Camair soon after its first flight in 1953, and Civil Aviation Authority type certification was achieved in May 1955 under the name Camair 480 (the number referring to the total horsepower of the two engines). Sales were slow, and Camair built only 25 examples before selling off the rights in 1959. The ownership of these rights would change hands twice again over the following decade, but only another eight aircraft would be built after the end of Camair's involvement.

Specifications (480D)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 28 ft 0 in (8.53 m)
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 8 in (10.57 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
  • Wing area: 184 ft2 (17.1 m2)
  • Empty weight: 3,000 lb (1,360 kg)
  • Gross weight: 4,500 lb (2,041 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Continental IO-520, 300 hp (224 kW) each each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 215 mph (346 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: 22,000 ft (6,700 m)
  • Rate of climb: 2,000 ft/min (10.2 m/s)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 225. 
  • Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1978-79. London: Jane's Yearbooks. pp. 263–64. 
  • twinnavion.com