Camarasauridae

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Camarasauridae
Temporal range: Late Jurassic, 164.7–112.6Ma
Sharp naturalhistory1921 camarasaurus.jpg
A skeletal restoration of Camarasaurus supremus.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Suborder: Sauropodomorpha
Clade: Neosauropoda
Clade: Macronaria
Clade: Camarasauromorpha
Family: Camarasauridae
Cope, 1877
Type species
Camarasaurus supremus
Cope, 1877a
Species
Synonyms
  • Morosauridae Marsh 1882

Camarasauridae is a family of sauropods closely related to Camarasaurus. They are basal Macronarians, forming a sister clade to Titanosauriformes.[5] Some teeth from the Galve formation in Spain are similar to those of Camarasaurus, and may belong to members of this family.[4] Camarasaurids are distinguished by robust teeth, twelve cervical vertebrae, bifid posterior cervical and anterior dorsal neural spines, among other characteristics.[2][3] Cladistically, they are defined to be all sauropods closer related to Camarasaurus supremus than to Saltasaurus loricatus.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacovara, Kenneth J.; Ibiricu, L.M.; Lamanna, M.C.; Poole, J.C.; Schroeter, E.R.; Ullmann, P.V.; Voegele, K.K.; Boles, Z.M.; Egerton, V.M.; Harris, J.D.; Martínez, R.D.; Novas, F.E. (September 4, 2014). "A Gigantic, Exceptionally Complete Titanosaurian Sauropod Dinosaur from Southern Patagonia, Argentina". Scientific Reports 4: 6196. doi:10.1038/srep06196. PMID 25186586. 
  2. ^ a b Mateus, O., & Tschopp E. (2013). Cathetosaurus as a valid sauropod genus and comparisons with Camarasaurus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, 2013. 173.
  3. ^ a b K. Li, C.-Y. Yang, J. Liu and Z.-X. Wang. 2010. [A new sauropod from the Lower Jurassic of Huili, Sichuan, China]. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 48(3):185-202
  4. ^ a b Sánchez-Hernández, B., Benton, M. J., & Naish, D. (2007). Dinosaurs and other fossil vertebrates from the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous of the Galve area, NE Spain. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 249(1), 180-215.
  5. ^ Mocho, P., Royo‐Torres, R., & Ortega, F. (2014). Phylogenetic reassessment of Lourinhasaurus alenquerensis, a basal Macronaria (Sauropoda) from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 170(4), 875-916.
  6. ^ Taylor, M. P., & Naish, D. (2007). An unusual new neosauropod dinosaur from the lower cretaceous hastings beds group of East Sussex, England. Palaeontology, 50(6), 1547-1564.