Camastianavaig

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Camastianavaig
Scottish Gaelic: Camas Dìonabhaig
Camastianavaig is located in Isle of Skye
Camastianavaig
Camastianavaig
 Camastianavaig shown within the Isle of Skye
OS grid reference NG412656
Council area Highland
Lieutenancy area Ross and Cromarty
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Portree
Postcode district IV51 9
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Ross, Skye and Lochaber
Scottish Parliament Highlands and Islands
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 57°22′40″N 6°08′59″W / 57.37785°N 6.14977°W / 57.37785; -6.14977

Camastianavaig (also English spelling: Camustinivaig) is a crofting township on the island of Skye in Scotland. It is located on the shores of the Sound of Raasay 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south east of Portree.[1] The Allt Osglan watercourse flows from Loch Fada through the township into Tianavaig Bay.[2]

The shoreward side of Camastianvaig

The name is from both Gaelic and Norse, Camas Dìonabhaig. "Camas" means "bay" in the former and the Norse element may be from "dyn" meaning "noisy".[3]

Tourist Activities[edit]

Camastianavaig has a rocky shore with views of the Cuillins and Raasay and is situated at the bottom of Ben Tianavaig, where there is a sea eagle colony. Other local wildlife includes bottlenose dolphin in the summer months, and seals, otters and ducks on a regular basis. The area is popular with mountain bikers.

Agriculture[edit]

The land is used for mainly crofting, with the majority of the livestock being sheep and a few cows. The land is slightly too acidic for arable farming although the addition of lime is used to compensate for this. The soil is also low in potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, which are essential elements required for plant growth. The high levels of rainfall and steep slopes also cause soil erosion, creating further difficulties for crop growing.

Battle of the Braes[edit]

The township is near the scene of the Battle of the Braes [Scottish Gaelic: Blàr a' Chumhaing] in 1882. Local crofting tenants facing eviction from the land withheld rent and released sheep onto a forbidden area on the shores of Ben Lee. Sent to evict them, the Sheriff Officer from Portree was met by an angry mob, who forced him to burn the eviction notices. Subsequently 50 Glasgow policemen, sent to quell the rebellion, faced 100 men, women and children, armed with sticks and stones.[4][5] Small fines were imposed in court, but it was clear that law and order could only be enforced with military assistance.[6] After the Battle of the Braes, the unrest spread to Glendale, Skye. The rebellion led to the Napier Commission and ultimately the Crofters Act of 1886, which brought security of tenure and the right to hand a croft on to their heirs.[7]

The Battle of the Braes is celebrated by a monument and a folk song[8] and in 2012 various legal dignitaries paid a special visit to the site to commemorate the centenary of the Scottish Land Court. The court's chair, Lord McGhie led a party, including Lord Bracadale who was born on Skye, past the church where the first witnesses to the court gave evidence in 1912. The party was expected to acknowledge that the court "stands on the shoulders" of the crofters of the Braes who resisted eviction.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Camastianavaig (Camustinivaig) Highland" Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 13 September 2008.
  2. ^ "Get-a-map" Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 13 September 2008.
  3. ^ Iain Mac an Tailleir. "Placenames" (pdf). Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 2007-07-23. 
  4. ^ "Battle of the Braes". Highland Clearances. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  5. ^ "Braes". Isle of Skye Business Community. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  6. ^ Jonathan MacDonald (1998). "A Short History of Crofting in Skye". Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  7. ^ "The Crofters Struggle". walkhighlands.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  8. ^ "Traditional Scottish Songs - The Battle of the Braes". Rampant Scotland. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  9. ^ Ross, David (23 April 2012) "Judges visit island crime scene to mark centenary of land court". Glasgow. The Herald.