Cambay State

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Cambay State
ખંભાત / खंभात
Princely State of the British Raj

1730–1948

Flag of Cambay

Flag

Location of Cambay
Cambay State in the The Imperial Gazetteer of India
History
 -  Established 1730
 -  Indian independence 1948
Area
 -  1901 906 km2 (350 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 75,122 
Density 82.9 /km2  (214.8 /sq mi)
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
Mu´min Khan, Nawab of Cambay.

Cambay or Kambay was a princely state during the British Raj. The town of Khambat (Cambay) in present-day Gujarat was its capital. The state was bounded in the north by the Kaira district and in the south by the Gulf of Cambay.

Cambay was the only state in the Kaira Agency of the Gujarat division of the Bombay Presidency, which merged into the Baroda and Gujarat States Agency in 1937.

History[edit]

Cambay was founded as a state in 1730 by the before-last Nawab of the Mughal Empire, Mirza Ja‘far Mu’min Khan I, the last of the Mughal governors of Gujarat, at the time of the dismemberment of Mughal rule in India. In 1742 Mirza Ja‘far Mu’min Khan I defeated his brother-in-law Nizam Khan, governor of Khambhat, and established himself in the place.

In 1780 Cambay was taken by the British Army, led by general Goddard Richards, but it was restored to the Marathas in 1783. Finally it was ceded to the British by the Peshwa after the Treaty of Bassein in 1803.[1] Cambay became a British protectorate in 1817. The state was provided with a railway in 1901.[2] Cambay's last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 10 June 1948.[3]

Rulers[edit]

Cambay State was ruled by theNajm-i-Sani Shia' Muslim dynasty. The rulers of the state bore the title of 'Nawab' and had the privilege of an 11-gun salute.[4]

Nawabs[edit]

  • 1730 - 1742 Ja`far Nizam-e Sani Mu´min Khan I
  • 1742 - 1743 Nur ud-Din Muftakher Khan
  • 1743 - 1784 Najm ad-Dawla Ja`far Mu´min Khan II
  • 1784 - 1790 Mohammad Qoli Khan (d. 1790)
  • 1790 - 28 Oct 1823 Fath `Ali Khan (d. 1823)
  • 1823 - 15 Mar 1841 Banda `Ali Khan (d. 1841)
  • 1841 - Apr 1880 Husayn Yawar Khan I (d. 1880)
  • 11 Jun 1880 - 21 Jan 1915 Najib ad-Dawla Mumtaz al-Molk Ja`far `Ali Khan (b. 1848 - d. 1915)
  • 21 Jan 1915 - 1930 .... -Regent
  • 21 Jan 1915 - 15 Aug 1947 Nizam ad-Dawla Najm ad-Dawla Mumtaz al-Molk Husayn Yawar Khan II (b. 1911 - d. ....)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain India Office. The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908.
  2. ^ Princely States of India
  3. ^ Cambay State - Princely State (11 gun salute)
  4. ^ G. B. Malleson, An historical sketch of the native states of India. London 1875. Reprint Delhi 1984

Coordinates: 22°18′N 72°37′E / 22.3°N 72.62°E / 22.3; 72.62