Camberwell railway station, Melbourne

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Camberwell
Camberwell station Melbourne - Burke Road end.jpg
Eastbound view in July 2008
Station statistics
Address Burke Road, Camberwell
Coordinates 37°49′35″S 145°03′31″E / 37.8265°S 145.0587°E / -37.8265; 145.0587Coordinates: 37°49′35″S 145°03′31″E / 37.8265°S 145.0587°E / -37.8265; 145.0587
Line(s) Lilydale
Belgrave
Alamein
Connections Tram
Distance 10.21 kilometres from Southern Cross
Structure type Ground
Platforms 3 (1 island, 1 side)
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened 3 April 1882
Electrified Yes
Station code CAM
Owned by VicTrack
Operator Metro
Myki zone 1
Station status Premium station
Melway map Melway
Website Public Transport Victoria
Services
Preceding station   Metro Trains   Following station
Lilydale line
toward Lilydale
Belgrave line
toward Belgrave
Alamein line
toward Alamein
Location
Google map

Camberwell railway station is located on the Lilydale, Belgrave and Alamein lines in Victoria, Australia. It serves the eastern Melbourne suburb of Camberwell opening on 3 April 1882.[1]

It was the terminus of its own line for a few months, until the railway was extended to Lilydale. When the first section of the Outer Circle line opened in 1891, a new station was built at East Camberwell to provide an interchange. However, the Outer Circle line quickly failed, with a number of sections closing, until by 1898 only the Ashburton line remained (later extended to Alamein), and trains for Ashburton began to depart from Camberwell.

The station was demolished and the current Edwardian style station opened in 1919, when the railway lines were placed in a cutting. This was done partly to remove the steep gradient from Auburn to the west. This length of track was so steep that steam locomotives could not pull a fully laden train between the two stations, requiring peak hour trains to be separated. The locomotive would bring one set of carriages to Camberwell, then return for the other set, causing significant delays.

The signal box at Camberwell was the first one in Victoria to have of push-button signalling installed, the new technology being commissioned in November 1964.[2] Immediately east of the station the Alamein line diverges south with a flyover carrying the southbound line over the Lilydale and Belgrave lines.

It was upgraded to a Premium station on 27 April 1996.[3] In 1997, four stabling sidings were built on the site of the former goods yard. They were built to replace sidings removed at Jolimont Yard.[4]

Redevelopment controversy[edit]

In 2001, the Victorian State Government launched a new Metropolitan Planning Strategy, Melbourne 2030, which proposed intensification of development around public transport nodes such as railway stations and tram routes, along with limits on such development in residential neighbourhoods. The precinct around Camberwell railway station was identified as a one of a number of 'activity centres' earmarked for redevelopment.[5]

In March 2003, VicTrack announced plans to develop the airspace over the site including decking over the station platforms and the adjacent marshalling yard with 3–4 levels of car park and 3–4 storeys of commercial space. The original plans, involving the station's demolition led to protests from the local community, receiving a significant amount of media attention, with actor Geoffrey Rush and comedian Barry Humphries publicly backed the campaign, heading a protest march up Burke Road from Camberwell Junction to the station.[6] The comedian performed a poem about planners at the rally and noted that the railway line was sometimes called 'The Orient Express'. To those supporting development of the station, the actions of the protesters have been taken as an example of NIMBYism.

The Boroondara Residents Action Group worked with architects McGauran Giannini Soon, to provide alternative ideas for developing the air-space over the railway station and yard that were more in-keeping with their views of community preferences, including a small public plaza and a new public library, with some small-scale shops.[7]

Although the station is historic, it is not protected by any of the state's heritage listings for any architectural or cultural reasons, and failed to gain this protection when nominated to the Victorian Heritage Register by local residents groups.[8]

In July 2009 the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal approved a nine-storey development on the site, provided 14 design modifications were made within 28 days.[9]

In October 2012 VicTrack announced it had discontinued negotiations with the preferred developer, CSTP Pty Ltd.[10]

Platforms & services[edit]

Camberwell has one island platform with two faces and one side platform. It is serviced by Metro Trains' Lilydale, Belgrave and Alamein line services.[11][12][13]

Platforms 1:

Platforms 2:

Platforms 3:

Transport links[edit]

Eastrans operates one route via Camberwell station:

Transdev Melbourne operates one route via Camberwell station:

Yarra Trams operates one route via Camberwell station:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Camberwell Vicsig
  2. ^ Vincent Adams Winter (1990). VR and VicRail: 1962–1983. p. 204. ISBN 0-9592069-3-0. 
  3. ^ "Upgrading Eltham to a Premium Station". Newsrail (Australian Railway Historical Society): page 310. October 1997. 
  4. ^ "New Yard at Camberwell Station". www.railpage.org.au. Retrieved 29 July 2008. 
  5. ^ Melbourne 2030 – Planning for sustainable growth, Department of Planning and Community Development Victoria Oct 2002
  6. ^ Rush, Humphries and Drost march to save Camberwell from the Station development" Marvellous Melbourne
  7. ^ McGauran Giannini Soon Pty Ltd EXPERT URBAN DESIGN EVIDENCE Camberwell Station 2R Cookson Street, Camberwell, February 2010
  8. ^ Heritage Council rejects Camberwell Station listing ABC News 11 November 2005
  9. ^ Cassie Maher (14 July 2009). "Camberwell rail rework suits tribunal". Progress Leader. progress-leader.whereilive.com.au. Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  10. ^ Chadwick, Vince, & Carey, Adam (4 October 2012). "After 10 years on tenterhooks, a sigh of relief for Camberwell group". The Age. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Lilydale Line timetable Public Transport Victoria
  12. ^ Belgrave Line timetable Public Transport Victoria
  13. ^ Alamein Line timetable Public Transport Victoria
  14. ^ Route 612 Box Hill - Chadstone timetable Public Transport Victoria
  15. ^ Route 285 Camberwell - Westfield Doncaster Public Transport Victoria.
  16. ^ Route 72 Melbourne University – Camberwell timetable Public Transport Victoria

External links[edit]

Media related to Camberwell railway station, Melbourne at Wikimedia Commons