Cambodia–France relations

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Cambodia-France relations
Map indicating locations of Cambodia and France

Cambodia

France

Cambodia–France relations refer to the bilateral relations between Cambodia and France. France was the protectorate of Cambodia from 11 August 1863 to 9 November 1953. King Norodom approached the French in 1861 in attempt to stop neighbors Thailand and Vietnam from swallowing Cambodia's land.

History[edit]

A treaty was signed in 1863 by King Norodom I and was approved by his counterpart Napoleon III. Cambodia officially became the colonial of the French empire on 11 August 1863.[1] Cambodia gained its independence in November 1953, thanks to Prince Norodom Sihanouk.[2]

France and Cambodia enjoy close relations, stemming partly from the days of the French Protectorate and partly from the role played by France in the signing of the peace agreements in Paris in 1991,[3] and further cemented by the French language. These relations are gradually adapting to Cambodia’s growing integration into its regional environment and its progress towards the status of a Middle Income Country, hopefully by 2020. The "Orientation and Cooperation Document" signed in 2010, steers our cooperation towards the following goal: "supporting economic growth and job creation in Cambodia by developing human capital and promoting French private investment".[4]

French president Charles de Gaulle visited Cambodia in 1966 and was given a welcome by Prince Norodom Sihanouk.[5]

French assistance[edit]

France was part of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia.

Migration[edit]

France has one of the largest Cambodian diaspora communities outside the United States, largely because of the refugees who fled Cambodia who escaped the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forest, Alain (1 March 1993). "Chapter 1: Les années d'impuissance coloniale". Le Cambodge et la colonisation française [Histoire d'une colonisation sans heurts (1897 - 1920)] (in French). Editions L'Harmattan. pp. 6–12. ISBN 9782858021390. 
  2. ^ Sihanouk, Norodom; Lacouture, Jean (1972). L'Indochine vue de Pékin [Entretiens] (in French). Éditions du Seuil. p. 53. 
  3. ^ Levy, Tali; Greenberg, Melanie; Barton, John H.; McGuinness, Margaret E. (1 December 1999). "The 1991 Cambodia Settlements Agreements". Words over War [Mediation and Arbitration to Prevent Deadly Conflict]. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 139–142. ISBN 978-0847698929. 
  4. ^ http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/en/country-files/cambodia-485/france-and-cambodia/political-relations-6764/ Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  5. ^ Pantheon-Sorbonne University (ed.). "La visite du général de Gaulle à Phnom Penh. Entre mythes et réalités". 
  6. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/travel/in-phnom-penh-cambodia-the-french-influence-lives-on/2014/01/23/8023ea12-7eec-11e3-9556-4a4bf7bcbd84_story.html