Cambodia–Indonesia relations

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Cambodia–Indonesia relations
Map indicating locations of Cambodia and Indonesia

Cambodia

Indonesia

Cambodia–Indonesia relations refers to the bilateral relations of Kingdom of Cambodia and Republic of Indonesia. Cambodia have an embassy in Jakarta, while Indonesia have an embassy in Phnom Penh. Since diplomatic relations were established back in 1960s. Indonesia has been a strong supporter of peace and stability in Cambodia that Indonesia provides troops for United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia in 1992, and support Cambodia membership in ASEAN in 1999. Cambodia appreciate Indonesia that has consistently helped Cambodia especially in capacity building.[1] Both nations are members of Non-Aligned Movement and ASEAN.

History[edit]

The relationship between ancient Indonesia and Cambodia dated back from the kingdom of Chenla and Javan Sailendra also Srivijaya; it was mentioned that king Jayavarman II had resided for some times in Java during the reign of Sailendras, and in 802 declare sovereignty of Cambodia from Java and proclaimed himself as universal monarch thus started the Angkor period.[2] There are striking similarities between 9th century Bakong and Borobudur temple, which suggests that Borobudur was served as the prototype of Bakong. There must had been exchanges of travelers, if not mission, between Khmer kingdom and the Sailendras in Java. Transmitting to Cambodia not only ideas, but also technical and architectural details.[3]

Cambodia attended Bandung Conference, also known as the Asia-Africa Conference, held in April 1955. The landmark conference led to the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement. In 1956 Indonesia recognized Cambodia as a sovereign nation, and in following year, both nations establishes diplomatic relations in 1957. In 1960 Indonesia formalize the treaty of friendship with Kingdom of Cambodia through the law UU 8/1960.[4]

During Sukarno administration in the 1960s, the president of Indonesia has visited Cambodia and vice versa prince Norodom Sihanouk also visited Indonesia. In 1992 Indonesia is among countries that provided troops for United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia to assist Cambodia in security and peace effort. Indonesia also welcomed and supported Cambodia membership in ASEAN in 1999.

Culture[edit]

Borobudur temple, Central Java, one of architectural wonders of Indonesia, about 300 years older than Angkor Wat.
Angkor Wat, the architectural wonders of Cambodia, ancient Khmer empire and ancient Java have many cultural similarities.

Both nations have similar archaeological heritages that are held as UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the temple of Borobudur and Angkor Wat, both are proclaimed as sister sites in January 2012 during ASEAN Tourism Forum in Manado, North Sulawesi. The sister cities agreement between Siem Reap and Yogyakarta is also proposed during this event.[5] Indonesia with its experience on Borobudur restoration projects, has lent its expertise on Angkor preservation efforts. Indonesia is among the countries that provide aid to Angkor restoration project, especially the three main gates of Angkor Royal Palace archaeological site near Phimeanakas site.[6]

Economic relations[edit]

Indonesia and Cambodia signed a free visa agreement in June 2010. The agreement's signing hoped the facility would improve not only the two countries' relations but also individual relations between the two nations as well as interactions between the two countries' businessmen.[1] The trade relation between Cambodia and Indonesia has shown a steady increase. According to the latest figures of Cambodia's Ministry of Commerce, the bilateral trade volume last year was 220 million U.S. dollars, 10 percent rise, compared to a year earlier.[7]

As Indonesia seeks to boost trade and investment in Cambodia, the country on August 2012 signed a deal to import as much as 100,000 metric tons of rice annually from Cambodia.[8]

Security[edit]

Historically both nations shared a close military relations, Indonesian Kopassus trained and assisted the formation of Cambodian Para-Commando Battalion back in 1972, which fought the final phase of Cambodian Civil War of 1970-75.[9]

Both Cambodia and Thailand trust Indonesia as a fair and impartial observer to solve intra ASEAN disputes. Thailand and Cambodia agreed to allow Indonesian monitors to go to the border between the two countries to help prevent further military clashes, Indonesia was appointed as observer in Cambodian–Thai border dispute.[10][11]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "RI, Cambodia sign free visa agreement". Antara.com. June 4, 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Dancing in shadows: Sihanouk, the Khmer Rouge, and the United Nations in Cambodia
  3. ^ David G. Marr, Anthony Crothers Milner (1986). Southeast Asia in the 9th to 14th Centuries. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. p. 244. ISBN 9971-988-39-9. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "UU 8/1960, Pembuatan Perjanjian Persahabatan Antar Republik Indonesia dan Kerajaan Kamboja" (in Indonesian). Hukum Unsrat. 29 September 1960. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Sita W Dewi (January 12, 2012). "Angkor Wat, Borobudur temple to become sister sites, says official". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  6. ^ The information board on location near Angkor Royal Palace Gates
  7. ^ "6th Indonesian trade, tourism exhibition held in Cambodia". Cambodian Top 10 Products. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Bisara, Dion (August 29, 2012). "Indonesia, Cambodia Fix Rice Deal". Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Conboy, Kenneth (2011). FANK: A History of the Cambodian Armed Forces, 1970-1975. Djakarta: Equinox Publishing (Asia) Pte Ltd. ISBN 978-979-3780-86-3. 
  10. ^ VOA: Thailand, Cambodia Agree to Indonesian Observers at Border
  11. ^ The Jakarta Post: RI ready to send observers to Cambodia, Thailand