Cambodians in France
|Residents of France born in Cambodia:
19.937 non-French nationals
35.850 French nationals
As of 1999[update]. May include non-Khmer.
Cambodians in France consist largely of ethnic Khmer refugees who fled there during the Second Indochina War, though some Cambodians came to France while Cambodia was a French protectorate from 1863–1953. Further chain migration occurred in the 1990s, as the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia came to an end and the country reopened its borders; people who had remained in Cambodia rejoined their family members who had previously emigrated. Buddhism plays an important role in the community and is seen as a marker of ethnic identity; in contrast, the ability to speak the Khmer language is less emphasised. Though immigrant parents set up language schools for their children soon after migration, many children discontinued their language studies due to the difficulty of learning Khmer grammar and the Sanskrit-based Khmer alphabet. Cambodians in France on average are older, more educated, and have higher incomes than Cambodian Americans.
Numerically, the Khmer are the dominant group among Cambodians in France, but Cambodians of Chinese descent can also be found among the population; though interethnic marriages between Chinese and Khmers were common in Cambodia and remain so in France, the Chinese they have tended to organise themselves around dialect groups and remain somewhat separate from other Cambodians in France. A small number of Cambodians in France consist of the wives and mixed-race children of French colonisers who repatriated to France between 1955 and 1965; regardless of their ethnicity, many of those used Khmer rather than French as their home language.
- International migration database, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2004, retrieved 2008-11-10
- Simon-Barouh, Ida (2004), "Ethnicity and Diaspora: The Case of the Cambodians", in Leṿi, Andreh; Weingrod, Alex, Homelands and Diasporas: Holy Lands and Other Places, Stanford University Press, pp. 247–269, ISBN 0804750793
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