Cambria (yacht)

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Cambria
Cambria2.jpg
Schooner Yacht Cambria, 199 Tons. Winner of the Great Ocean Race Against the American Yacht Dauntless, from Daunt Rock, Queenstown, Ireland, July 4, to the Light Ship at Sandy Hook, July 27, 1870
Career
Yacht Club:  Royal Thames Yacht Club
Nation:  United Kingdom
America's Cup Year(s): 1870
Hull Type: Monohull
Builder: Michael Ratsey
Owner(s): James Lloyd Ashbury
Notable Victories: Great Ocean Race Against the American Yacht Dauntless

Cambria was the first, though unsuccessful, challenger attempting to lift the America's Cup from the New York Yacht Club.

Design[edit]

In 1868, James Lloyd Ashbury commissioned Michael Ratsey of Cowes to build a 188 ton schooner, Cambria.

Career[edit]

Cambria had a highly successful racing season in 1869, winning the Round the Isle of Wight Race.[1]

Ashbury was encouraged by Cambria's success in the Isle of Wight race, particularly because the champion American schooner Sappho had finished last.[2] In October 1868 Ashbury wrote to the New York Yacht Club offering to be the first challenger for the America's Cup.[3] He subsequently exchanged letters with Gordon Bennett, sportsman and owner of the New York Herald, challenging him to a trans-Atlantic race, prior to competing for the cup on behalf of the Royal Thames Yacht Club.

In July 1870 Ashbury raced Cambria across the Atlantic Ocean from Ireland to New York in challenge against Bennett's yacht, Dauntless.[4] Cambria won the race by arriving first off Sandy Hook lightship in 23 days 5 hours and 17 minutes; 1 hour 43 minutes ahead of Dauntless.[1][5][6]

The race for the America's Cup was held on 8 August, with Cambria facing 14 yachts of the New York Yacht Club. The race was won by Magic, with Cambria finishing eighth.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Club History". Royal Harwich Yacht Club. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  2. ^ "1871 - Sappho". 33rd America's Cup. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  3. ^ "James L. Ashbury". 32nd America's Cup. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  4. ^ "The Atlantic Yacht Race". The Times. 5 July 1870. p. 9. 
  5. ^ "1870 - Cambria". 33rd America's Cup. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  6. ^ "The Yachts and the Coming Race; Visiting the Cambria, Dauntless and America--Arrangements for the Great Race on Monday Next--The Entries--The Course, &c". New York Times. 4 August 1870. Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  7. ^ Ross, Hamish G. "The First - James Lloyd Ashbury (1834-1895)". America's Cup History. Allinghi. Retrieved 2011-07-09. [dead link]