Cambridge, New Zealand
|Territorial authority||Waipa District|
|Population (June 2014 estimate)|
Cambridge (Māori: Kemureti) is a town in the Waipa District of the Waikato Region of the North Island of New Zealand. Situated 24 kilometres southeast of Hamilton, on the banks of the Waikato River, Cambridge is known as "The Town of Trees & Champions". With a population of 15,192 as of the 2006 census, it is the biggest municipality in the Waipa District and still growing rapidly.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans there were a number of pā in the vicinity of what would become Cambridge. In the 1850s missionaries and farmers from Britain settled in the area and introduced modern farming practices to local Māori, helping them set up two flour mills and importing grinding wheels from England and France. During the 1850s wheat was a profitable cash crop but when merchants in Auckland began purchasing cheaper grain from Australia the market went into decline.
The European town of Cambridge was established when the 3rd Regiment of the Waikato Militia were settled there in 1864 following the Invasion of the Waikato. The town was named after Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army at the time.
- Thoroughbred horse studs
The town is now best known for its Thoroughbred studs and stables, which have produced many champion horses in the sports of racing and show jumping. Internationally known Thoroughbred studs in the area include:
Lake Karapiro, recognised as one of the premium rowing lakes in the world, is close by, producing several world rowing champions, notably Rob Waddell and the Evers-Swindell twins, Georgina and Caroline, Mahé Drysdale and James Dallinger. The 2010 World Rowing Championships were held at Lake Karapiro.
- Rugby Union
Cambridge is home to two clubs, Hautapu Sports Club, founded in 1903, and Leamington Rugby Sports Club, founded in 1897.
- Association football
Past or present residents include:
- Members of The Datsuns
- Sir Vaughan Jones, Fields Medal winner
- Mark Todd, equestrian double Olympic Gold medalist
- Sarah Ulmer, World Champion and Olympic Gold medalist cyclist
- Rob Waddell, Olympic Gold medalist in rowing,
- Mahé Drysdale, Olympic Gold medalist in rowing
- Joelle King, Squash player
- "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2014 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014. Also "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates - DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- "Demographic Trends 2006" (pdf). Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 2007-11-25. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- Discover Cambridge: Maoritanga
- Parker, Eris. "Military - Third Waikato Militia". Cambridge Museum. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- Reed, A. W. (2002). The Reed Dictionary of New Zealand Place Names. Auckland: Reed Books. ISBN 0-7900-0761-4.
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