Cambridge, Ohio

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Cambridge, Ohio
City
Downtown Cambridge in 2008
Downtown Cambridge in 2008
Location of Cambridge, Ohio
Location of Cambridge, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°1′30″N 81°35′12″W / 40.02500°N 81.58667°W / 40.02500; -81.58667Coordinates: 40°1′30″N 81°35′12″W / 40.02500°N 81.58667°W / 40.02500; -81.58667
Country United States
State Ohio
County Guernsey
Townships Cambridge, Jackson
Government
 • Mayor Tom Orr
Area[1]
 • Total 6.35 sq mi (16.45 km2)
 • Land 6.35 sq mi (16.45 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 830 ft (253 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 10,635
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 10,555
 • Density 1,674.8/sq mi (646.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 43725, 43750
Area code(s) 740
FIPS code 39-10996
GNIS feature ID 1058167[2]
Website Official Website of the City of Cambridge, Ohio
Guernsey County Courthouse

Cambridge is a city in and the county seat of Guernsey County, Ohio, United States.[5] It lies in southeastern Ohio, in the Appalachian Plateau of the Appalachian Mountains. The population was 11,129 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Cambridge Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is located adjacent to the intersection of Interstates 70 and 77, which the Ohio Department of Transportation proclaimed in 1969 to be the world's largest interchange in terms of land area.

Cambridge is well-known among glass collectors as being the location for the Cambridge Glass, Boyd Glass and Mosser Glass plants. The Cambridge area is also famous for its "S" shaped bridges, dating back to the building of the National Road in 1828.

History[edit]

In 1796, Col. Ebenezar Haase received funds to blaze a road suitable for travel by horse through the Ohio wilderness from a point on the Ohio River opposite Wheeling, Virginia (now Wheeling, West Virginia) to another point opposite Maysville, Kentucky. Where this road, known as Zane's Trace, crossed Wills Creek, a ferry was established in 1798. This was followed by the first bridge authorized by the legislature of the Northwest Territory, built in 1803. The land on which part of Cambridge stands was granted to Zaccheus Biggs and Zaccheus Beatty by the government in 1801. A settlement grew up at the creek crossing. The town of Cambridge was platted there in 1806. Both Cambridge, Maryland and Cambridge, Massachusetts have been speculated by historians as having inspired the naming of the town. Also in 1806, another group of early settlers from the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel pitched camp in Cambridge, reportedly because the women in the party refused to move on. The county for which Cambridge serves as the county seat was later named in honor of its many settlers from Guernsey.

In 1828, the federally built National Road came through Cambridge. The first railroad arrived in 1854.

The Cambridge, Ohio area experienced massive flooding in late June 1998.[6]

Tom Orr is the current Mayor of Cambridge.[7] He replaced Sam Salupo.

President of Council is William Cowgill, who replaces former mayor Charles Schaub, who replaced Fred Shimp.

Geography[edit]

Cambridge is located along Wills Creek; its tributary Leatherwood Creek flows into Wills Creek in the southern part of the city.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.35 square miles (16.45 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,041
1860 1,452 39.5%
1870 2,193 51.0%
1880 2,883 31.5%
1890 4,361 51.3%
1900 8,241 89.0%
1910 11,327 37.4%
1920 13,104 15.7%
1930 16,129 23.1%
1940 15,044 −6.7%
1950 14,739 −2.0%
1960 14,652 −0.6%
1970 13,656 −6.8%
1980 13,450 −1.5%
1990 11,748 −12.7%
2000 11,520 −1.9%
2010 10,635 −7.7%
Est. 2012 10,555 [9] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 10,635 people, 4,651 households, and 2,604 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,674.8 inhabitants per square mile (646.6 /km2). There were 5,313 housing units at an average density of 836.7 per square mile (323.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 3.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 4,651 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.0% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 38.8 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,520 people, 4,924 households, and 2,954 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,055.1 people per square mile (792.9/km²). There were 5,585 housing units of an average density of 996.3 per square mile (384.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.84% White, 3.91% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population.

There were 4,924 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18, 39.2% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.92.

The population of the city was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males and every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,102, and the median income for a family was $30,780. Males had a median income of $26,368 versus $20,596 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,452. About 18.1% of families and 30.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Education[edit]

Peters Creek S bridge

Public schools[edit]

Cambridge Public Schools are part of the Cambridge City School District. The district has three elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. Students attend Cambridge High School.[10]

Private schools[edit]

  • St. Benedict School site

Economy[edit]

The newly discovered hydraulic fracturing industry may bring the Cambridge area some much-needed jobs.

Crime[edit]

According to research of Ohio and other state lists there were 42 registered sex offenders living in Cambridge, Ohio as of January 08, 2014.The ratio of number of residents in Cambridge to the number of sex offenders is 265 to 1.

[11]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ The Flood of June 28, 1998
  7. ^ http://www.cambridgeoh.org/mayors_office.htm
  8. ^ Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1991. p. 61. ISBN 0-89933-233-1. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Cambridge City School District". Cambridge City School District. Retrieved August 4, 2012. 
  11. ^ http://www.city-data.com/crime/crime-Cambridge-Ohio.html

External links[edit]