The CAMAL (CAMbridge ALgebra system) is a computer algebra system written at Cambridge University by David Barton, Steve Bourne, and John Fitch. It was initially used for computations in celestial mechanics and general relativity.
The foundation code was written in Titan computer assembler, [this reference is not correct and the pbworks material itself is inaccurate (srb)]. In 1973 when the Titan was replaced with an IBM370/85 it was rewritten in ALGOL 68C and then BCPL where it could run on IBM mainframes and assorted microcomputers.
- "A pre-editor for CAMAL" - ACM SIGSAM Bulletin - Volume 9 Issue 3, August 1975 - Pages 30 – 34 
- "CAMAL User's Manual", John P. Fitch, Cambridge University, England (1975).
- "The Design of the Cambridge Algebra System", S.R. Bourne et al., Proc 2nd Symp of Symb & Alg Manip, SIGSAM 1971 .
- ^ Automatic algebraic manipulation and its application to the lunar theory. Author: S R Bourne; University of Cambridge. Publisher: University of Cambridge, 1969.
- ^ Title: Literal Expressions for the Co-Ordinates of the Moon. I. The First Degree Terms - Authors: Bourne, S. R. - Journal: Celestial Mechanics, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.167-186 
- ^ Titan Autocode 1
- ^ CAMAL 40 Years on – Is Small Still Beautiful? - John P. Fitch
- ^ "REDUCE meets CAMAL". School of Mathematical Sciences University of Bath. Retrieved 2012-08-12.