Cambridge Chronicle

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Cambridge Chronicle
Cambridge Chronicle Frontpage.jpg
The paper's May 7, 1864 Frontpage
Type Weekly newspaper
Owner(s) GateHouse Media, Perinton, New York
Publisher Chuck Goodrich
Editor Amy Saltzman
Founded May 7, 1846
Language English
Headquarters 20-40 Holland St
Somerville MA 02144
 United States
Circulation 7,500 Weekly[1]
Official website www.wickedlocal.com/cambridge

The Cambridge Chronicle is a weekly newspaper that serves Cambridge, Massachusetts. The newspaper was founded by Andrew Reid in May 1846 and is the oldest surviving weekly newspaper in the United States.[2] Owned by GateHouse Media, it serves 18% of Cambridge's households.[1][3]

History[edit]

Early Days[edit]

The Cambridge Chronicle was first published on May 7, 1846. A few days before, Cambridge was incorporated as a city, and Scotsman Andrew Reid seized on the opportunity to publish a weekly newspaper.[2] Cambridge was home to the first printing press in the Colonies,[4] and nearby Boston was home to the first newspaper. The Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick was founded in 1690, albeit short-lived. But beginning in the 18th century, Boston developed a vibrant newspaper industry.[4]

Several newspapers were started in Cambridge. In 1775 and 1776. Cambridge was home to the New England Chronicle, earlier known as the Essex Gazette.[5] In 1840, the Cambridge Magnolia started its two years of publication.[6]

1846 to 1896[7][edit]

Cambridge developed a vibrant newspaper industry. The Cambridge Press was founded by James Cox in 1866. Its city editor, James W. Bean, became co-owner of the Chronicle in 1891. He set out on this venture with C. Burnside Seagrave, who had been with the Cambridge Tribune. The Cambridge Tribune from 1878 to 1966 was a competitor.[8] It had been founded by D. Gilbert Dexter, who had worked for the Boston Journal as the Cambridge correspondent. The Cambridge News was founded by Daniel A. Buckley in 1879, who used it as a medium to promote his personal views.

Since 1873, Cambridge's only daily newspaper has been The Harvard Crimson.

Editors[edit]

Years Editor[7]
1846-1847 Andrew Reid
1847-1857 John Ford
1858-1859 John S. Baldwin
1859-1873 George Fisher
1873-1886 Lynn Boyd Parker
1886-1890 F. Stanhorpe Hill
1890-1891 F.H. Buffum
1891-? James W. Bean
1891-1935 C. Burnside Seagrave
1935-1939  ?
1939-1971 Eliot Spalding
1971-2003  ?
2003-2005 Michele Babineau[9]
2005-2006 Deborah Eisner[10]
2006 Chris Helms[11]
2006–2012 David Harris[12]
2012 Scott Wachtler[13][14]
Nov. 2012–present Amy Saltzman[15]

The first publisher, Reid, died on January 4, 1847, and John Ford took over his role.[16] Charles Burnside Seagrave served as editor and publisher for over 40 years, up to his retirement in 1935.[17] Another influential editor of the paper was Eliot Spalding. He joined the Chronicle in 1926, and in 1939 became its editor, a role he held until 1971.[18]

Corporate Ownership[edit]

The Dole family acquired the Cambridge Chronicle in the 1930s. They merged it with its rival paper, the Cambridge Sun, in 1935.[19] The family sold the newspapers to Fidelity Investments in 1991. It was integrated into the Community Newspaper Company, another subsidiary of Fidelity Investment, in 1996.

The Community Newspaper Company was sold to the Boston Herald's owner, Herald Media, in 2001. It was again sold to GateHouse Media, in 2006.

Cambridge TAB[edit]

In September 2012, the Chronicle merged with Tab Communications's Cambridge Tab.[20]

Production[edit]

The first editions were produced by hand press above the Holmes Grocery Store, on the corner of Magazine and Main Streets in Central Square. The paper is now printed in Framingham.

Circulation is down to 7,500 as of 2010.

The articles are also published on WickedLocal.com, a website owned by the Community Newspaper Company. The classifieds are produced and shared across Community Newspaper Company's newspapers in the Greater Boston North area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cambridge Chronicle". MondoTimes. 2010. Retrieved May 15, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Cambridge Chronicle, May 30, 1996
  3. ^ "Cambridge (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  4. ^ a b Mott, Frank Luther (1962). American Journalism. A History 1690-1960. New York: MacMillan. ISBN 0-415-22894-8. 
  5. ^ "About this Newspaper: The New-England chronicle, or, the Essex gazette". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  6. ^ "About this Newspaper: Magnolia". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  7. ^ a b Spalding, Warren F. (1896), "The Newspapers of Cambridge", in Seagrave, C. Burnside; Bean, James W., Semi-Centennial Souvenir of Cambridge, Cambridge (Mass): Cambridge Chronicle 
  8. ^ "About this Newspaper: Cambridge tribune". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  9. ^ "New Editor at Cambridge Chronicle", WickedLocalCambridge, 2003-06-05, retrieved 2010-05-07 
  10. ^ "New Chronicle Editor names", WickedLocalCambridge, 2005-01-27, retrieved 2010-05-07 
  11. ^ "New Chronicle Editor Named", WickedLocalCambridge, 2006-05-04, retrieved 2010-05-07 
  12. ^ "New Editor at Cambridge Chronicle", WickedLocalCambridge, 2006-11-09, retrieved 2010-05-07 
  13. ^ http://www.wickedlocal.com/cambridge/contact retrieved 4 Oct 2012
  14. ^ Wachtler, Scott (1 Nov 2012). "So long, Cambridge -- thanks for the stories". Cambridge Chronicle & Tab. Retrieved 1 Nov 2012. "By the time you read this, I’ll be gone. I’ll no longer be the editor of the Cambridge Chronicle." 
  15. ^ "Twitter / cambridgechron". Cambridge Chronicle. 6 Nov 2012. Retrieved 6 Nov 2012. "Packed polling place in #CambridgeMA -- photo by new @CambridgeChron editor Amy Saltzman pic.twitter.com/Jxrm3Aka" 
  16. ^ Cambridge Chronicle, May 9, 1946
  17. ^ "Charles S. Seagrave". New York Times. 1941-05-25. p. 36. 
  18. ^ "Cambridge & The Chronicle's 150th". Cambridge Chronicle. 1996-05-30. 
  19. ^ "Massachusetts Newspapers on Microfilm C-E". Boston Public Library. 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  20. ^ Note to readers: Cambridge Chronicle, Cambridge TAB to combine, July 25, 2012, retrieved 4 Oct 2012

External links[edit]