Cambridge Greensand

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Cambridge Greensand
Stratigraphic range: Early Cretaceous
Type Geological formation
Location
Region Europe

The Cambridge Greensand is a geological formation in England whose strata date back to the Early Cretaceous. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.[1]

Vertebrate paleofauna[edit]

Dinosaurs[edit]

Birds[edit]

Enaliornis barretti - "Braincases, vertebrae, pelvis [and] limb elements.."[2]

Enaliornis sedgwicki - "Hindlimb elements."[2]

Enaliornis seeleyi - "Assorted cranial and postcranial elements"

Ornithischians[edit]

Anoplosaurus curtonotus - "Partial postcranium."[3]

Anoplosaurus major - "Cervical vertebrae."[3] "Vertebrae."[4]

Acanthopholis eucercus - "[Two] caudal centra."[3]

Acanthopholis platypus (in part) - "Phalanx, caudal centra."[3]

Acanthopholis macrocercus (aka Syngonosaurus) - "Osteoderms."[3] "Vertebrae, fragmentary skeleton elements."[4]

Acanthopholis stereocercus - "Osteoderms."[3] "Vertebrae."[4]

Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus - "Vertebrae."[3]

Trachodon cantabrigiensis - "Dentary tooth."[5]

Saurischians[edit]

Acanthopholis platypus (in part) - "Metatarsals I-V."[6]

Macrurosaurus semnus - "Caudal vertebrae"[6]

Pterosaurs[edit]

[7][8][9]

Amblydectes crassidens

Amblydectes eurygnathus

Camposipterus colorhinus

Camposipterus nasutus

Camposipterus sedgwickii

Lonchodraco machaerorhynchus

Lonchodraco microdon

Ornithocheirus simus

"Ornithocheirus" capito

"Ornithocheirus" denticulatus

"Ornithocheirus" platystomus

"Ornithocheirus" polyodon

Ornithostoma sedgwicki

Ichthyosaurs[edit]

[10]

Cetarthrosaurus walkeri

Platypterygius campylodon

Sisteronia seeleyi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Early Cretaceous, Europe)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 556-563. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  2. ^ a b "Table 11.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 215.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Table 17.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 367.
  4. ^ a b c "Table 19.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 417.
  5. ^ "Table 20.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 443.
  6. ^ a b "Table 13.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 270.
  7. ^ Taissa Rodrigues and Alexander Wilhelm Armin Kellner (2013). "Taxonomic review of the Ornithocheirus complex (Pterosauria) from the Cretaceous of England". ZooKeys 308: 1–112. doi:10.3897/zookeys.308.5559. 
  8. ^ Unwin D.M., 2001, "An overview of the pterosaur assemblage from the Cambridge Greensand (Cretaceous) of Eastern England", Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Geowissenschaftliche Reihe 4: 189–221
  9. ^ Averianov, A.O. (2012). "Ornithostoma sedgwicki – valid taxon of azhdarchoid pterosaurs." Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 316(1): 40–49.
  10. ^ Valentin Fischer, Nathalie Bardet, Myette Guiomar and Pascal Godefroit (2014). "High Diversity in Cretaceous Ichthyosaurs from Europe Prior to Their Extinction". PLoS ONE 9 (1): e84709. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084709.