Cambridge Guildhall is a listed building designed in 1939 by Charles Cowles-Voysey in the centre of the historic city of Cambridge, England. It includes two halls, The Large Hall and The Small Hall, and is used for many disparate events such as comedy acts, conferences, craft fairs, live music, talks, and weddings. It is also used by University of Cambridge for certain examinations. It is owned and managed by Cambridge City Council, and it is their seat of government.
The earliest known property on the site was a house owned by a wealthy Jew called Benjamin. The building was granted to the town by King Henry III in the 1220s. Part of it was used as a prison. An adjoining synagogue was leased to the Franciscans who later moved to a convent on a site where Sidney Sussex College now stands. The premises became the Cambridge Town Hall or "Tolbooth" as it was known then since its main function concerned tolls for entry to the town and trading at the market.
The building was raised on arches with market stalls below. The current Market Square was mainly filled with buildings at the time and not cleared until 1849 when a major fire occurred. In 1747, a Shire Hall was built on the open area at the front, on arches with stalls beneath. The Shire Hall and the Tollbooth were connected by a wooden bridge over Butter Row, a market street with stalls selling dairy products.
In 1842, after the Law Courts were built on Castle Hill, the Shire Hall and a new Town Hall built in 1782 on the site of the old one were combined into a single Guildhall. The present Guildhall on the site of the two original buildings, was completed in 1939, after the designs of Charles Cowles-Voysey.
- "Guildhall". Cambridge City Council, UK. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "The Guildhall". CambridgeOnline, UK. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- 'The city of Cambridge: Public buildings', A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 3: The City and University of Cambridge (1959). Date accessed: 21 January 2010