Cambridge by-election, 1922
The by-election was caused by the resignation on 7 November 1921 of the town's Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) Sir Eric Geddes, who had held the seat since 1917, and had come under criticism as Minister of Transport for the scale of nationalisation he had overseen, and over charges of departmental inefficiency. He chose to resign as both cabinet minister and MP.
The result was a comfortable victory for the new Conservative candidate Sir George Newton, who held the seat until his elevation to the peerage in 1934 as Baron Eltisley. The election nonetheless saw a sharp fall in the Conservative share of the vote (by over one third) since the 'khaki election' of 1918, although the Conservative vote only actually fell by 656, and Newton's fall in vote share is mainly attributable by a slight rise in the Labour vote, and the appearance of the first Liberal candidate to contest the seat since 1910.
Of the two unsuccessful candidates, Hugh Dalton was a Cambridge-educated LSE lecturer in economics who went on to be an MP from 1924, and became Labour's Chancellor under Clement Attlee; and Sydney Cope Morgan was a Cambridge-educated barrister who went on to contest the seat again for the Liberals with an increased vote at each of the next two general elections.
All three candidates were contesting the seat for the first time, and Dalton would not contest the seat again.
Result of the previous general election in Cambridge
|General Election 1918: Cambridge|
|Coalition Conservative||Sir Eric Geddes||11,553||75.30||N/A|
|Labour||Rev Thomas Rhondda Williams||3,789||24.70||N/A|
|Coalition Conservative hold||Swing||N/A|
Result of 16 March 1922 by-election
|By-election 1922: Cambridge|
|Coalition Conservative||Sir George Newton||10,897||48.7||−26.6|
|Labour||Dr. Hugh Dalton||6,954||31.1||+6.4|
|Liberal||Sydney Cope Morgan||4,529||20.2||N/A|
|Coalition Conservative hold||Swing|
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- List of United Kingdom by-elections
- Cambridge constituency
- Cambridge by-election, 1934
- Cambridge by-election, 1967
- Cambridge by-election, 1976