Cambridgeshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Cambridgeshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1290–1885
Number of members 2 (1290 – 1832)
3 (1832 – 1885)
Replaced by Chesterton
Newmarket
Wisbech
19181983
Number of members one
Replaced by SE Cambridgeshire
SW Cambridgeshire
Created from Chesterton
Newmarket

Cambridgeshire is a former Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire until 1832, when the number of members was increased to three. It was divided between the constituencies of Chesterton, Newmarket and Wisbech in 1885.

The parliamentary county was again reconstituted in 1918 and continued until 1983, when, in the redistribution of seats of the expanded post-1974 Cambridgeshire, the constituency was divided between the new constituencies of North East Cambridgeshire (including a small part of Peterborough), South East Cambridgeshire and South West Cambridgeshire (including a minority of territory from the former Huntingdonshire).

Boundaries[edit]

1290-1653, 1658-1885: The historic county of Cambridgeshire. (Although Cambridgeshire contained the borough of Cambridge, which elected two MPs in its own right, this was not excluded from the county constituency, and owning property within the borough could confer a vote at the county election. In the elections of 1830 and 1831, about an eighth of the votes cast for the county came from within Cambridge itself. The city of Ely also elected its own MPs in 1295.)

1654-1658 The historic county was divided for the First and the Second Protectorate Parliaments, between the two-member Isle of Ely area and the four-member constituency consisting of the rest of the county.

1918-1983: The administrative county of Cambridgeshire, excluding the Municipal Borough of Cambridge.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1290)

MPs 1290-1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1372 William Papworth
1373 Henry English
1377 (Oct) Henry English
1381 William Papworth
1382 (May) William Papworth
1383 John Andrew
1383 (Oct) Henry English
1384 (Nov) Henry English
1386 Sir William Papworth Thomas Hasilden I [1]
1388 (Feb) Sir John Engaine Sir John Chalers [1]
1388 (Sep) Sir John Engaine Robert Parys [1]
1390 (Jan) Henry English Simon Burgh [1]
1390 (Nov) Sir John Colville Simon Burgh [1]
1391 Sir Robert Denny Simon Burgh [1]
1393 Sir John Colville Sir Robert Denny [1]
1394 Sir Baldwin St George Richard Hasilden [1]
1395 Sir Edmund de la Pole Thomas Hasilden II [1]
1397 (Jan) Sir Thomas Skelton Thomas Hasilden II [1]
1397 (Sep) John Tyndale Thomas Hasilden II [1]
1399 Sir Payn Tiptoft Richard Hasilden [1]
1401 Sir Baldwin St George Thomas Hasilden II
1402 Thomas Priour John Hobildod [1]
1404 (Jan) Sir Payn Tiptoft John Brunne [1]
1404 (Oct) Sir Baldwin St George William Standon [1]
1406 Sir Baldwin St George William Asenhill [1]
1407 Sir John Howard (Sir) John Rochford [1]
1410 William Alington [1]
1411 Sir Walter de la Pole John Hobildod [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) William Porter John Burgoyne [1]
1414 (Apr) Sir Baldwin St George Nicholas Morys [1]
1414 (Nov) Sir Walter de la Pole Thomas Lopham [1]
1415 John Hore Nicholas Huish [1]
1416 (Mar) John Hobildod Thomas Wykes [1]
1416 (Oct) William Alington Sir William Asenhill [1]
1417 Sir Walter de la Pole Thomas Chalers [1]
1419 John Burgoyne William Goodred [1]
1420 Nicholas Caldecote Thomas Camp [1]
1421 (May) Sir Walter de la Pole William Freville [1]
1421 (Dec) John Burgoyne William Fulbourne [1]
1425 John Hore [2]
1429 William Alington of Bottisham
1431 Laurence Cheyne
1432 Laurence Cheyne Henry Somer
1433 William Alington of Horseheath
1435 Laurence Cheyne
1436 William Alington of Horseheath
1442 Laurence Cheyne
1449 Sir John Say
1510–1523 No names known[3]
1529 Robert Peyton Giles Alington [3]
1536
1539 Sir Giles Alington Sir Thomas Elyot [3]
1542 Edward North Thomas Rudston [3]
1545
1547 (Sir) Edward North James Dyer [3]
1553 (Mar) (Sir) Edward North James Dyer [3]
1553 (Oct) Sir John Huddleston Sir John Cotton [3]
1554 (Apr) Sir John Huddleston Sir Giles Alington [3]
1554 (Nov) Sir John Huddleston Sir John Cotton[3]
1555 Roger North, 2nd Baron North Thomas Wendy [3]
1558 Sir Giles Alington Robert Peyton [3]
1559 (Jan) Roger North Francis Hynde[4]
1562–1563 Roger North, ennobled
and repl. 1566 by
Robert Peyton
John Hutton [4]
1571 John Hutton Henry Long [4]
1572 (Apr) Francis Hynde John Hutton [4]
1584 (Nov) John North Sir John Cutts [4]
1586 (Oct) John North Sir John Cutts [4]
1588 (Oct) John North (Sir) Francis Hynde [4]
1593 John Cotton John Peyton [4]
1597 (Oct) (Sir) Henry North William Hynde [4]
1601 Sir John Cutts (Sir) John Cotton [4]
1604 Sir John Peyton, 1st Baronet Sir John Cutts
1614 Sir Thomas Chichley Sir John Cutts
1621 Sir Edward Peyton, 2nd Baronet Sir John Cutts
1624 Sir Simon Steward Sir John Cutts
1625 Sir Edward Peyton, 2nd Baronet Sir John Cutts
1626 Sir Edward Peyton, 2nd Baronet Sir John Cutts
1628 Sir Miles Sandys, 1st Baronet Sir John Carleton, 1st Baronet
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened
Year First member First party Second member Second party
Apr 1640 Sir Dudley North Sir John Cutts
Nov 1640 Sir Dudley North Parliamentarian Thomas Chicheley Royalist
Chicheley disabled 16 September 1642 replaced 1645 by Francis Russell. North secluded 1648
Year First member Second member Third member Fourth member
1653 John Sadler Thomas French Robert Castle Samuel Warner
1654 John Delbrow Henry Pickering Robert Castle Francis Russell
1656 Robert West Henry Pickering Robert Castle Francis Russell
1659 Sir Thomas Willys, 1st Baronet Sir Henry Pickering

MPs 1660-1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
1660 Thomas Wendy Isaac Thornton
1661 Thomas Chicheley
1674 Sir Thomas Hatton, Bt
February 1679 Gerard Russell Edward Partherich
August 1679 Sir Levinus Bennet, Bt Tory Sir Robert Cotton
1693 The Lord Cutts
1695 Edward Russell Whig
1697 Sir Rushout Cullen, Bt
1702 Granado Pigot
1705 John Bromley
1707 John Bromley
1710 John Jenyns
1717 Robert Clarke
1718 Francis Whichcote
1722 Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt Lord Harley
1724 Samuel Shepheard
1727 Henry Bromley
1741 Soame Jenyns
1747 Viscount Royston Whig
1754 Marquess of Granby
1764 Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
1770 Sir Sampson Gideon, Bt
1780 Lord Robert Manners Viscount Royston Whig
1782 Sir Henry Peyton, Bt
1789 James Whorwood Adeane
1790 Charles Philip Yorke Tory
May 1802 Sir Henry Peyton, Bt
July 1802 Lord Charles Manners
1810 Lord Francis Osborne
1830 Henry John Adeane
1831 Richard Greaves Townley
1832 third member added

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party Third member Third party
1832 Richard Greaves Townley Conservative Charles Yorke Conservative John Walbanke Childers Liberal
1835 Eliot Yorke Conservative Richard Jefferson Eaton Conservative
1841 John Peter Allix Conservative
1847 Richard Greaves Townley Liberal Lord George Manners Conservative
1852 Edward Ball Conservative
1857 Henry John Adeane Liberal
1863 by-election Lord George Manners Conservative
1865 Viscount Royston Conservative Richard Young Liberal
1868 Hon. Sir Henry Brand Liberal
January 1874 by-election Hon. Elliot Yorke Conservative
October 1874 Benjamin Rodwell Conservative
1879 by-election Edward Hicks Conservative
1881 by-election James Redfoord Bulwer Conservative
1884 by-election Arthur John Thornhill Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished, Chesterton, Newmarket and Wisbech from 1885

MPs 1918-1983[edit]

Election Member Party
Chesterton and Newmarket prior to 1918
1918 Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu Liberal
1922 Harold William Stannus Gray Unionist
1923 Richard George Briscoe Unionist
1945 A. E. Stubbs Labour
1950 Gerald Howard Conservative
1961 by-election Francis Pym Conservative
1983 Constituency abolished, SE Cambs and SW Cambs from 1983

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Cambridgeshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Leslie Pym 41,218 56.5 +9.0
Labour R Collins 17,929 24.6 −3.2
Liberal Stephen Ronald Jakobi 13,780 18.9 −5.8
Majority 23,289 31.9
Turnout 72,927 78.3 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing +6.1
General Election 1974 (October): Cambridgeshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Leslie Pym 30,508 47.5 +0.4
Labour Michael Peter Farley 17,853 27.8 +2.0
Liberal Stephen Ronald Jakobi 15,841 24.7 −2.4
Majority 12,655 19.7
Turnout 64,202 76.0 −6.8
Conservative hold Swing −0.8
General Election 1974 (February): Cambridgeshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Leslie Pym 32,638 47.1 −7.5
Liberal Stephen Ronald Jakobi 18,826 27.1 +15.5
Labour Michael Peter Farley 17,930 25.8 −8.0
Majority 13,812 20.0
Turnout 69,394 82.8 +7.3
Conservative hold Swing −11.5
General Election 1970: Cambridgeshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Leslie Pym 32,264 54.6 +6.9
Labour John Noel Hughes 19,993 33.8 −4.2
Liberal M M Brown 6,861 11.6 −2.7
Majority 12,271 20.8
Turnout 59,118 75.5 −3.7
Conservative hold Swing +5.5

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Cambridgeshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Leslie Pym 25,600 47.7 −0.7
Labour John Noel Hughes 20,433 38.0 +4.0
Liberal John Roderic Charles Beale 7,698 14.3 −3.7
Majority 5,167 9.7
Turnout 53,731 79.2 −0.6
Conservative hold Swing −2.4
General Election 1964: Cambridgeshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Leslie Pym 24,883 48.0 +2.1
Labour E L Rutherford 17,636 34.0 +3.9
Liberal Richard Gillachrist Moore 9,347 18.0 −6.0
Majority 7,247 14.0
Turnout 51,866 79.8 +17.4
Conservative hold Swing −0.9
Cambridgeshire by-election, 1961[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Francis Leslie Pym 17,643 45.9 −12.0
Labour Robert M D Davies 11,566 30.1 −12.0
Liberal Richard Gillachrist Moore 9,219 24.0 N/A
Majority 6,077 15.8
Turnout 38,428 62.4 −15.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.0

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Cambridgeshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Stephen Gerald Howard 27,407 57.9 +3.6
Labour W Royle 19,928 42.1 −3.6
Majority 7,479 15.8
Turnout 47,335 78.0 −0.9
Conservative hold Swing +3.6
General Election 1955: Cambridgeshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Stephen Gerald Howard 25,025 54.3 +0.5
Labour Henry David Leonard George Walston 21,051 45.7 −0.5
Majority 3,974 8.6
Turnout 46,076 78.9 −2.3
Conservative hold Swing +0.5
General Election 1951: Cambridgeshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Stephen Gerald Howard 25,095 53.8 +7.5
Labour Henry David Leonard George Walston 21,558 46.2 +5.9
Majority 3,537 7.6
Turnout 46,653 81.2 −2.2
Conservative hold Swing +0.8
General Election 1950: Cambridgeshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Stephen Gerald Howard 21,846 46.3 +4.1
Labour Albert Ernest Stubbs 19,046 40.3 −2.0
Liberal Richard Thomas Howlett 6,348 13.4 −2.1
Majority 2,800 6.0
Turnout 47,240 83.4 +13.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Albert Ernest Stubbs 18,714 42.3 +10.3
Conservative Stephen Gerald Howard 18,670 42.2 −11.2
Liberal Lionel E Goodman 6,867 15.5 +0.9
Majority 44 0.1
Turnout 44,251 69.9 +2.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +10.8

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard George Briscoe 19,087 53.4 −14.9
Labour J R Bellerby 11,437 32.0 +0.3
Liberal John William Payne 5,223 14.6 N/A
Majority 7,650 21.4
Turnout 35,747 67.8 −2.7
Conservative hold Swing −7.6
General Election 1931: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard George Briscoe 23,742 68.3 +30.7
Labour G T Garratt 11,013 31.7 +0.0
Majority 12,729 36.6
Turnout 34,755 70.5 −4.2
Conservative hold Swing +30.7

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard George Briscoe 13,306 37.6 −21.4
Labour G T Garratt 11,256 31.7 −9.3
Liberal John William Payne 10,904 30.7 N/A
Majority 2,050 5.9
Turnout 35,466 74.7 +4.8
Conservative hold Swing −6.1
General Election 1924: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard George Briscoe 15,530 59.0 +15.4
Labour G T Garratt 10,781 41.0 +9.2
Majority 4,749 18.0
Turnout 26,311 69.9 −2.6
Conservative hold Swing +3.1
General Election 1923: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard George Briscoe 11,710 43.6 +5.6
Labour Albert Ernest Stubbs 8,554 31.8 −3.5
Liberal Mrs Helen Easdale Dimsdale 6,619 24.6 −2.1
Majority 3,156 11.8
Turnout 26,883 72.5 +1.7
Conservative hold Swing +4.6
General Election 1922: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harold William Stannus Gray 9,846 38.0 N/A
Labour Albert Ernest Stubbs 9,167 35.3 +0.4
National Liberal Edwin Samuel Montagu 6,942 26.7 −38.4
Majority 679 2.7
Turnout 25,955 70.8 +19.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +38.2

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Cambridgeshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edwin Samuel Montagu 12,497 65.1 N/A
Ind. Labour Party Albert Ernest Stubbs 6,686 34.9 N/A
Majority 5,811 30.2
Turnout 19,183 51.3 N/A
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  2. ^ Cox, Thomas. The introduction; being the ancient state of Britain. Bedfordshire - Essex.  Google Books
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  5. ^ a b c F. W. S. Craig (1984), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1974-1983. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h F. W. S. Craig (1971), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1950-1970. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services.
  7. ^ By-election triggered on the appointment of Gerald Howard as a High Court Judge.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h F. W. S. Craig (1983), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Nottinghamshire North
Constituency represented by the Speaker
1872–1884
Succeeded by
Warwick