Camden County, New Jersey

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Camden County, New Jersey
Ru-camden-campus.jpg
Campus of Rutgers-Camden
Seal of Camden County, New Jersey
Seal
Map of New Jersey highlighting Camden County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Founded March 13, 1844
Named for Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden
Seat Camden[1]
Largest city Camden (population)
Winslow Township (area)
Area
 • Total 227.293 sq mi (589 km2)
 • Land 221.263 sq mi (573 km2)
 • Water 6.030 sq mi (16 km2), 2.32%
Population
 • (2010) 513,657[2]
 • Density 2,309/sq mi (891.7/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Website www.camdencounty.com

Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its county seat is Camden.[3][1] As of the 2010 Census, the population was 513,657,[2][4] having increased by 4,725 (up 0.9%, the third-lowest growth rate in the state) from the 508,932 counted in the 2000 Census,[5] retaining its position as the state's eighth-most populous county.[6][7] The most populous place was Camden, with 77,344 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Winslow Township covered 58.19 square miles (150.7 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.[7]

It was formed on March 13, 1844, from portions of Gloucester County.[8] The county was named for Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, a British judge, civil libertarian, and defender of the American cause.[9]

The county is part of the Camden, NJ Metropolitan Division of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD / Delaware Valley Metropolitan Statistical Area.[10][11]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 227.293 square miles (588.69 km2), of which 221.263 square miles (573.07 km2) of it (or 97.3%) was land and 6.030 square miles (15.62 km2) of it (or 2.7%) was water.[12]

Located in a coastal / alluvial plain, the county is uniformly flat and low-lying. The highest points are a survey benchmark near the Burlington County line at 219 feet (67 m) above sea level.[13] The low point is sea level, along the Delaware River.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 25,422
1860 34,457 35.5%
1870 46,193 34.1%
1880 62,942 36.3%
1890 87,687 39.3%
1900 107,643 22.8%
1910 142,029 31.9%
1920 190,508 34.1%
1930 252,312 32.4%
1940 255,727 1.4%
1950 300,743 17.6%
1960 392,035 30.4%
1970 456,291 16.4%
1980 471,650 3.4%
1990 502,824 6.6%
2000 508,932 1.2%
2010 513,657 0.9%
Est. 2012 513,539 [14][15] 0.0%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[16]
1970-2010[7] 2000[5] 2010[2]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 513,657 people, 190,980 households, and 129,866 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,321.5 per square mile (896.3 /km2). There were 204,943 housing units at an average density of 926.2 per square mile (357.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.29% (335,389) White, 19.55% (100,441) Black or African American, 0.31% (1,608) Native American, 5.11% (26,257) Asian, 0.03% (165) Pacific Islander, 7.08% (36,354) from other races, and 2.62% (13,443) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.24% (73,124) of the population.[2]

There were 190,980 households of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.22.[2]

In the county, 24.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.[2]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 508,932 people, 185,744 households, and 129,835 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,289 people per square mile (884/km²). There were 199,679 housing units at an average density of 898 per square mile (347/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.88% White American, 18.09% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.09% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. 9.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[5][18] Among those residents listing their ancestry, 20.6% of residents were of Irish, 18.2% Italian, 15.7% German and 8.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.[18][19]

There were 185,744 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.23.[5]

In the county the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.[5]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,097, and the median income for a family was $57,429. Males had a median income of $41,609 versus $30,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,354. About 8.1% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[18][20]

While many of its municipalities are working class, Camden County has many contrasts in its demographics. Most of Camden and parts of Lindenwold are considered highly impoverished, while Cherry Hill Township, Voorhees Township, Haddon Heights and Haddonfield have a number of upper-income enclaves.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Camden County hosts numerous county, state, U.S. and Interstates. The county had a total of 2,045.06 miles (3,291.21 km) of roadways, of which 1,535.22 miles (2,470.70 km) are maintained by the municipality, 377.65 miles (607.77 km) by Camden County and 104.41 miles (168.03 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 27.78 miles (44.71 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority or the South Jersey Transportation Authority.[21]

Major county roads that pass through include County Road 534, County Road 536, County Road 537, County Road 543, County Road 544, County Road 551 and County Road 561.

State routes that pass through are Route 38, Route 41, Route 42 (the North-South Freeway), Route 47 (only in Brooklawn), Route 70, Route 73, Route 90 (the Betsy Ross Bridge), Route 143 (only in Winslow), Route 154 (only in Cherry Hill) and Route 168.

U.S. Routes that traverse are U.S. Route 30 and U.S. Route 130.

The interstates that pass through are Interstate 76 (part of the North-South Freeway and the Walt Whitman Bridge), Interstate 295 and Interstate 676 (part of the North-South Freeway and the Ben Franklin Bridge (which is multiplexed with US 30)).

Other limited access roads that pass through are the Atlantic City Expressway and the New Jersey Turnpike. There are five ACE interchanges that are within the county borders: Exits 44 (at NJ 42),[22] 41 (at Berlin-Cross Keys Road / CR 689),[23] 38 (at Williamstown-New Freedom Road / CR 536 Spur),[24] 33 (connecting to NJ 73)[24] and 31 (at NJ 73).[25][26] The only turnpike interchange that is in the county is Exit 3 at the border of Runnemede and Bellmawr.[27]

Railroads[edit]

New Jersey Transit has stations along the Atlantic City Line in Pennsauken, Cherry Hill, Lindenwold and Atco in Waterford Township, connecting Philadelphia to Atlantic City along the former Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines main line.[28]

The River Line is a diesel light-rail system operated for New Jersey Transit by the Southern New Jersey Rail Group on a former Pennsylvania Railroad line from Trenton. All stations in the county are in the City of Camden, including the Walter Rand Transportation Center, except for the Pennsauken Transit Center in Pennsauken Township.[29]

The PATCO Speedline, owned by the Delaware River Port Authority, runs a rapid transit line across the Ben Franklin Bridge from Philadelphia through Camden to the PRSL main right-of-way between Haddonfield and its eastern terminus in Lindenwold. Suburban station stops include Woodcrest, Westmont and Collingswood.[30]

Government[edit]

The county is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members elected at-large for three-year terms on a staggered basis by the residents of the county.[31] As of 2013, Camden County's Freeholders are:[32][33]

Camden County's constitutional officers, all elected directly by voters, are County clerk Joseph Ripa,[41] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham,[42] and Surrogate Patricia Egan Jones.[32][43] The Camden County Prosecutor Warren W. Faulk was appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).[44]

As with most counties in the state, the court system consists of municipal courts for each township, borough and city, as well as a New Jersey Superior Court for the county. The latter handles the more serious criminal and civil cases, while the municipal courts handle traffic and other minor items.

Law enforcement at the county level, in addition to a sheriff, includes the Camden County Police Department and the Camden County Prosecutor's Office. The Camden Police Department and the Camden County Park Police were absorbed into the newly formed Camden County Police Department in 2013.

Two federal Congressional Districts cover the county, including portions of the 1st and 2nd Districts.[45][46] New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights).[47] New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[48]

The county is part of the 4th, 5th, 6th and 8th Districts in the New Jersey Legislature.[49]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Year GOP Dems
2012[50] 30.7% 69,476 68.0% 153,682
2008[51] 32.0% 68,072 66.9% 142,433
2004[52] 36.9% 81,427 62.4% 137,765
2000[53] 31.7% 62,464 64.6% 127,166
1996 27.8% 52,791 60.6% 114,962
1992 31.9% 67,205 49.7% 104,915
1988 52.0% 100,072 47.1% 90,704
1984 54.6% 109,749 44.9% 90,233
1980 47.1% 87,939 42.8% 80,033
1976 42.3% 82,801 55.6% 108,854
1972 58.8% 111,935 39.5% 75,202
1968 41.1% 77,642 46.2% 87,347
1964 32.8% 124,620 67.1% 147,189
1960 45.1% 102,083 54.7% 84,066

Camden County has long been a Democratic stronghold. The county usually votes overwhelmingly Democratic in national, state, and local elections. Almost all of the county is in the 1st congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of D+14. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried the county by a 25.5% margin over George W. Bush, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[54] Barack Obama carried the county by 34.8% over John McCain in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election. Obama won New Jersey by 14.7%.[55] There are 158,165 unaffiliated voters, 139,147 Democrats, and 43,669 Republicans registered in the county.[56]

Municipalities[edit]

Index map of Camden County Municipalities (click to see index key)

Historical municipalities[edit]

Education[edit]

Camden County College is a two-year public community college serving students from Camden County. the school has campuses in Blackwood, Camden and Cherry Hill and was founded in 1967.[57]

Rutgers University-Camden is located in the downtown/waterfront district of Camden, and dates back to 1926 with the founding of the South Jersey Law School.[58][59]

The Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine is located in Stratford and dates to 1976. It is the state's only osteopathic medical school and was South Jersey's first four-year college of medicine.[60]

The Cooper Medical School of Rowan University is located in the downtown/university district of Camden.[61]

Climate and weather[edit]

Camden, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3
 
40
26
 
 
2.8
 
44
28
 
 
3.8
 
53
34
 
 
3.6
 
64
44
 
 
3.7
 
74
54
 
 
3.4
 
83
64
 
 
4.4
 
87
69
 
 
3.5
 
85
68
 
 
3.8
 
78
60
 
 
3.2
 
67
48
 
 
3
 
56
39
 
 
3.6
 
45
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[62]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Camden have ranged from a low of 26 °F (−3 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −11 °F (−24 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in August 1918. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.75 inches (70 mm) in February to 4.35 inches (110 mm) in July.[62]

Wineries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Camden County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Camden County, New Jersey, 2010 United States Census. Accessed August 23, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  6. ^ NJ Labor Market Views, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 31, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  8. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 103. Accessed January 20, 2013.
  9. ^ Greenberg, Gail. County History, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed October 9, 2013. "The namesake of the new settlement was Charles Pratt, Earl of Camden, an English nobleman who supported the American cause in Parliament."
  10. ^ May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Definitions, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  11. ^ Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas, Office of Management and Budget, February 28, 2013. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  12. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 11, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  13. ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  14. ^ PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  15. ^ State & County QuickFacts for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ a b c Tables DP-1 to DP-4 from Census 2000 for Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 6, 2008. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  19. ^ DP-2 - Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  20. ^ DP-3 - Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  21. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 25, 2013.
  22. ^ Exit 44, Atlantic City Expressway. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  23. ^ Exit 41, Atlantic City Expressway. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  24. ^ a b Exit 33, Atlantic City Expressway. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  25. ^ Exit 31, Atlantic City Expressway. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  26. ^ AC Expressway Map, Atlantic City Expressway. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  27. ^ Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  28. ^ Atlantic City Rail Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  29. ^ RiverLINE Map, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  30. ^ Overview, PATCO Speedline. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  31. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 8, 2012.
  32. ^ a b Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  33. ^ 169th Annual Reorganization Business Meeting, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013. "Assemblyman Gilbert “Whip” Wilson administered the oath ofoffice for Freeholder Director to Louis Cappelli, Jr.... Senator Donald Norcross administered the oath of office for Deputy Freeholder Director to Edward T. McDonnell.
  34. ^ Freeholder Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  35. ^ Freeholder Edward T. McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  36. ^ Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  37. ^ Freeholder Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  38. ^ Freeholder Scot McCray, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  39. ^ Freeholder Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  40. ^ Freeholder Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  41. ^ County Clerk, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  42. ^ Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  43. ^ Surrogate's Office, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  44. ^ Prosecutor's Office, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  45. ^ 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  46. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  47. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  48. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  49. ^ 2011 Legislative Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  50. ^ Official List - Candidates for President For GENERAL ELECTION 11/06/2012 Election, Secretary of State of New Jersey, December 6, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  51. ^ New Jersey: Presidential County Results , The New York Times. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  52. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  53. ^ Official List Candidates for President For November 2000 General Election, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, April 17, 2008. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  54. ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  55. ^ New Jersery – Election Results 2008, The New York Times. Accessed November 28, 2008.
  56. ^ Voter Registration Summary by County
  57. ^ About Us, Camden County College. Accessed October 3, 2013. " Its three distinct campuses in Blackwood, Camden and Cherry Hill – along with its satellite locations in Lakeland, Sicklerville and elsewhere throughout the County – share the common mission of providing accessible, affordable higher education and occupational study to all who can benefit.... Camden County College’s mission was launched when what had been the Mother of the Savior Seminary was purchased early in 1967. That fall, the first class of Camden County College students was taking courses on what had become the Blackwood Campus."
  58. ^ About Rutgers–Camden, Rutgers University-Camden. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  59. ^ Campus History, Rutgers University-Camden. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  60. ^ About, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  61. ^ http://www.rowan.edu/coopermed/
  62. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Camden, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°48′N 74°58′W / 39.80°N 74.96°W / 39.80; -74.96