Camden County, New Jersey
|Camden County, New Jersey|
Location in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 13, 1844|
228.58 sq mi (589 km²)
222.30 sq mi (576 km²)
5.28 sq mi (14 km²), 2.32%
2,309/sq mi (891.7/km²)
Camden County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 513,657. Its county seat is Camden. It was formed on March 13, 1844, from portions of Gloucester County.
The county is part of the Delaware Valley area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 228.58 square miles (592.0 km2), of which 222.30 square miles (575.8 km2) is land and 5.28 square miles (13.7 km2) (2.32%) is water.
Located in a coastal/alluvial plain, the county is uniformly flat and low-lying. The highest points are a survey benchmark near the Burlington County line at 219 feet (66.7 m) above sea level, and another nearby area at least 210 feet (64 m). The low point is sea level, along the Delaware River.
Adjacent counties 
- Burlington County, New Jersey – northeast
- Atlantic County, New Jersey – southeast
- Gloucester County, New Jersey – southwest
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – northwest
National protected area 
|historical census data source:
Census 2010 
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 513,657 people, 190,980 households, and 129,866 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,321.5 inhabitants per square mile (896.3 /km2). There were 204,943 housing units at an average density of 926.2 per square mile (357.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.29% (335,389) White, 19.55% (100,441) Black or African American, 0.31% (1,608) Native American, 5.11% (26,257) Asian, 0.03% (165) Pacific Islander, 7.08% (36,354) from other races, and 2.62% (13,443) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.24% (73,124) of the population.
There were 190,980 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
Census 2000 
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 508,932 people, 185,744 households, and 129,835 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,289 people per square mile (884/km²). There were 199,679 housing units at an average density of 898 per square mile (347/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.88% White American, 18.09% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.09% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. 9.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.9% were of Italian, 15.4% Irish, 10.5% German and 5.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 185,744 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $48,097, and the median income for a family was $57,429. Males had a median income of $41,609 versus $30,470 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,354. About 8.1% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
While most of its boroughs are working class, Camden County has many contrasts in its demographics. Most of Camden and parts of Lindenwold are considered highly impoverished, while Cherry Hill Township, Voorhees Township, Haddon Heights, and Haddonfield have a number of upper-income enclaves.
Camden County hosts numerous county, state, U.S. and Interstates.
State routes that pass through are Route 38, Route 41, Route 42 (the North-South Freeway), Route 47 (only in Brooklawn), Route 70, Route 73, Route 90 (the Betsy Ross Bridge), Route 143 (only in Winslow), Route 154 (only in Cherry Hill) and Route 168.
The interstates that pass through are Interstate 76 (part of the North-South Freeway and the Walt Whitman Bridge), Interstate 295 and Interstate 676 (part of the North-South Freeway and the Ben Franklin Bridge (which is multiplexed with US 30)).
Other limited access roads that pass through are the Atlantic City Expressway and the New Jersey Turnpike. There are five ACE interchanges that are within the county borders: Exits 44, 41, 38, 33 and 31. The only turnpike interchange that is in the county is Exit 3 at the border of Runnemede and Bellmawr.
New Jersey Transit has stations in Cherry Hill, Lindenwold, and Waterford Township, along the Atlantic City Line connecting Philadelphia, PA to Atlantic City, NJ along the former Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines main line.
The River Line is a diesel light-rail system operated for New Jersey Transit by the Southern New Jersey Rail Group on a former Pennsylvania Railroad line from Trenton. All stations in the county are in the City of Camden, except for one in Pennsauken Township.
The PATCO Speedline, owned by the Delaware River Port Authority runs a rapid transit line across the Ben Franklin Bridge from Philadelphia through Camden to the PRSL main right-of-way between Haddonfield and its eastern terminus in Lindenwold. Suburban station stops include Woodcrest, Westmont, and Collingswood.
The county is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members elected at-large for three-year terms on a staggered basis by the residents of the county. As of 2012[update], Camden County's Freeholders are:
- Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, Elected 2003. Term ends December 31, 2014)
- Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, elected 1995. Terms ends 2013)
- Rodney A. Greco (Gloucester Township, elected 2007. Term ends 2012)
- Ian K. Leonard (Camden, elected 2009. Term ends 2012)
- Scot McCray (Camden, elected 2011. Term ends 2014)
- Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, elected 2010. Term ends 2012)
- Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, elected 2008. Term ends 2013)
In addition, the voters also elect a sheriff (Charles H. Billingham), a county clerk (Joseph Ripa), and a surrogate (Patricia Egan Jones). The Camden County Prosecutor is appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).
As with most counties in the state, the court system consists of municipal courts for each township, borough and city, as well as a New Jersey Superior Court for the county. The latter handles the more serious criminal and civil cases, while the municipal courts handle traffic and other minor items.
Law enforcement at the county level, in addition to a sheriff, includes the Camden County Police Department and the Camden County Prosecutor's Office. The Camden Police Department and the Camden County Park Police were absorbed into the newly formed Camden County Police Department in 2013.
Two federal Congressional Districts cover the county, including portions of the 1st and 2nd Districts. New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights). New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).
|2008||32.0% 68,072||66.9% 142,433|
|2004||36.9% 81,427||62.4% 137,765|
|2000||31.7% 62,464||64.6% 127,166|
|1996||27.8% 52,791||60.6% 114,962|
|1992||31.9% 67,205||49.7% 104,915|
|1988||52.0% 100,072||47.1% 90,704|
|1984||54.6% 109,749||44.9% 90,233|
|1980||47.1% 87,939||42.8% 80,033|
|1976||42.3% 82,801||55.6% 108,854|
|1972||58.8% 111,935||39.5% 75,202|
|1968||41.1% 77,642||46.2% 87,347|
|1964||32.8% 124,620||67.1% 147,189|
|1960||45.1% 102,083||54.7% 84,066|
Camden County has long been a Democratic stronghold. The county usually votes overwhelmingly Democratic in national, state, and local elections. Almost all of the county is in the 1st congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of D+14. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried the county by a 25.5% margin over George W. Bush, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush. Barack Obama carried the county by 34.8% over John McCain in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election. Obama won New Jersey by 14.7%. There are 158,165 unaffiliated voters, 139,147 Democrats, and 43,669 Republicans registered in the county.
- Audubon Borough
- Audubon Park Borough
- Barrington Borough
- Bellmawr Borough
- Berlin Borough
- Berlin Township
- Brooklawn Borough
- Camden City
- Cherry Hill Township
- Chesilhurst Borough
- Clementon Borough
- Collingswood Borough
- Gibbsboro Borough
- Gloucester City
- Gloucester Township
- Haddon Heights Borough
- Haddon Township
- Haddonfield Borough
- Hi-Nella Borough
- Laurel Springs Borough
- Lawnside Borough
- Lindenwold Borough
- Magnolia Borough
- Merchantville Borough
- Mount Ephraim Borough
- Oaklyn Borough
- Pennsauken Township
- Pine Hill Borough
- Pine Valley Borough
- Runnemede Borough
- Somerdale Borough
- Stratford Borough
- Tavistock Borough
- Voorhees Township
- Waterford Township
- Winslow Township
- Woodlynne Borough
Historical municipalities 
- Centre Township
- Clementon Township
- Delaware Township
- Newton Township
- Stockton Township
- Union Township
Rutgers University-Camden is located in the downtown/waterfront district of Camden.
The UMDNJ – School of Osteopathic Medicine is located in Stratford.
Climate and weather 
|Camden, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Camden have ranged from a low of 26 °F (−3 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −11 °F (−24 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in August 1918. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.75 inches (70 mm) in February to 4.35 inches (110 mm) in July.
See also 
- Camden County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
- DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- Camden County, New Jersey, 2010 United States Census. Accessed August 23, 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 103. Accessed January 20, 2013.
- GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 for Camden County, New Jersey -- County Subdivision and Place, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 14, 2011.
- PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- State & County QuickFacts for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 – 1930".
- "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 2, 2007.
- "The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010". United States Census Bureau. February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 8, 2012.
- Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 7, 2012.
- Camden County Reorganization Meeting: Freeholders Louis Cappelli, Jr. and Scot McCray Sworn in; Freeholder Cappelli re-elected Freeholder Director and Freeholder Edward T. McDonnell Re-Elected Deputy Director, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 7, 2012.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
- New Jersery – Election Results 2008, The New York Times. Accessed November 28, 2008.
- Voter Registration Summary by County
- "Monthly Averages for Camden, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
- Official website
- Camden County Historic Photos, Part I (Audubon, New Jersey to Camden, New Jersey)
- Camden County Historic Photos, Part II (Cherry Hill, New Jersey to Haddon Township, New Jersey)
- Camden County Historic Photos, Part III (Haddonfield, New Jersey to Pennsauken, New Jersey)
- Camden County Historic Photos, Part IV (Pine Hill, New Jersey to Woodlynne, New Jersey)
- Camden County Historical Society
||Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania||Burlington County|
|Gloucester County||Atlantic County|