Camellia reticulata

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Camellia reticulata
Camellia reticulata RHS.jpeg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Theaceae
Genus: Camellia
Species: C. reticulata
Binomial name
Camellia reticulata
Lindl.
Camellia reticulata - Kunming Botanical Garden - DSC02952.JPG

Camellia reticulata (syn. C. heterophylla[1]) is a species of Camellia native to southwestern China, in Yunnan Province. The wild populations are restricted to mixed mountain forest in western and central Yunnan.[2]

It is a loosely-branched shrub or small tree, which can grow up to 10–15 metres in height.[3] The leaves are elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 5–11 cm long and 4–5.5 cm wide. The venation is obscure.[4] The flowers are 6–10 cm in diameter, soft-pink to deep-pink, with 5–11 petals. They are perulate, terminal or axillary;[1] flowering is in January to March in south-east China.[4] The fruit capsule is about 3.6 cm long and 4.6 cm diameter.[5]

Symbolism and uses[edit]

It is the floral emblem of Yunnan. It has been cultivated for a long history both for tea oil and for its ornamental value.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Species R-S
  2. ^ IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  3. ^ The Hungington:The Camellia Garden
  4. ^ a b Camellia reticulata Lindl.
  5. ^ a b The Week at the Garden: Camellia Fruit (21 February 2005)