|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (April 2012)|
|Mandate of the United Kingdom|
God Save the King/Queen
Duaka, Oroko, Grassfields, Fula, Kanuri widely spoken
|Religion||Christianity (southern area)
Islam (northern area)
|Political structure||League of Nations Mandate|
|Historical era||World War I|
|-||Kamerun partitioned||July 20, 1922|
|-||Integration into Nigeria and Cameroon||October 1, 1961|
|Currency||British West Africa pound|
|Today part of|| Cameroon
The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the "Scramble for Africa" at the end of the 19th century. During World War I, it was occupied by British, French and Belgian troops, and later mandated to Great Britain and France by the League of Nations in 1922. The French mandate was known as Cameroun and the British territory was administered as two areas, Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons. Northern Cameroons consisted of two non-contiguous sections, divided by where the Nigerian and Cameroun borders met.
French Cameroun became independent in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised question of what to do with the British territory. After some discussion (which had been going on since 1959), a plebiscite was agreed to, and held on 11 February 1961. The Muslim-majority Northern area opted for union with Nigeria, and the Southern area voted to join Cameroon.
Northern Cameroons became a region of Nigeria on 31 May 1961, while Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon later that year on 1 October 1961. In the meantime, the area was administered as a United Kingdom Trust Territory (UKTT).
- Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p177 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
- National Service Memoirs of a National Serviceman who served in the British Cameroons at the time of the vote to join with the French Cameroons or Nigeria