Camerton, Somerset

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For other uses, see Camerton (disambiguation).
Camerton
Square gray tower of stone church building, partially obscured by trees. Red roofed lych gate to right. Grass and gravestones in the foreground
St Peter's Church
Camerton is located in Somerset
Camerton
Camerton
 Camerton shown within Somerset
Population 655 [1]
OS grid reference ST685578
Unitary authority Bath and North East Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BATH
Postcode district BA2
Dialling code 01761
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North East Somerset
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°19′08″N 2°27′09″W / 51.3188°N 2.4526°W / 51.3188; -2.4526

Camerton is a village and civil parish in Somerset, 6 miles (9.7 km) south west of Bath, lying on the Cam Brook. The parish has a population of 655.[1]

History[edit]

The parish includes the hamlet of Tunley, which is the site of a hill fort that has been designated as a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[2]

The village stands beside the route of the Fosse Way, and the Roman settlement was south-west of the current village.[3][4]

The parish of Camerton was part of the Wellow Hundred.[5]

Camerton Court in Camerton Park

Originally a farming village in North Somerset, its vicar from 1800 was the amateur antiquarian and archaeologist The Rev. John Skinner, who committed suicide in 1839. Camerton Court was built by the Jarrett family,[6] to a design by George Repton (son of Humphry Repton), in 1838-40, replacing an earlier Manor House.[7]

The village expanded as a result of coal mining on the Somerset coalfield in the 19th century. Camerton New Colliery, which started in the very early 19th century, and Camerton Old Colliery, which predates it by about 20 years. Camerton New Pit survived to be nationalised, eventually closing in 1950. The maximum amount mined was 77,000 tons in 1903.[8] In the centre of the village is an old coal spoil tip or "batch" called Camerton Batch (or Camerton Old Batch to distinguish it from the taller Camerton New Batch which lies just to the east). Camerton Batch was designated as a Local Nature Reserve in 1997.[9]

With the closure of the coal mines it is now primarily a commuter village for people working in Bristol or Bath. Camerton is also home to the National Osteoporosis Society.

In 2007 Camerton was the site of a prosecution by the Environment Agency for the illegal dumping of waste including concrete, tarmac, bricks, blocks, subsoil, metal, fluorescent light tubes, electrical cable and asbestos sheets on the site.[10]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.

The parish falls within the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.

Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in Bath. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon.[11] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Bathavon Rural District.[12]

The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of North East Somerset. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Transport[edit]

Camerton once had a branch line from the Bristol and North Somerset Railway (part of the Great Western Railway) mainly for coal. It opened from Hallatrow in 1882 and was extended along the line of the former Somerset Coal Canal to Limpley Stoke in 1910, where it joined with the main line from Bath to Bradford-on-Avon. Traffic on the line was never heavy: passenger services were suspended in 1915, resumed in 1923 and finally withdrawn in 1925. Goods traffic remained until 1951. The Titfield Thunderbolt was filmed on the line shortly after it closed.

Site of former station in 1987

Religious sites[edit]

The Anglican parish Church of St. Peter dates from the 15th century with addition and renovation in 1638 and again in 1891. It has been designated a s a Grade I listed building.[13] From 1800 to 1839 the vicar was the archaeologist John Skinner.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Camerton Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Scheduled Monuments in Bath & North East Somerset". Bath and North East Somerset. Archived from the original on 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  3. ^ Scott, Shane (1995). The hidden places of Somerset. Aldermaston: Travel Publishing Ltd. p. 22. ISBN 1-902007-01-8. 
  4. ^ Havinden, Michael (1981). The Somerset Landscape. The making of the English landscape. London: Hodder and Stoughton Ltd. p. 69. ISBN 0-340-20116-9. 
  5. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "Orange Tree Valley". Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  7. ^ "Camerton Court and attached offices and gatepiers". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  8. ^ "Coal Mining". Somerset Ramblers. Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. Retrieved 2006-11-12. 
  9. ^ "Camerton Batch". Natural England. Retrieved 2 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Three fined for dumping waste near an ancient monument at Bath". Environment Agency. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  11. ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  12. ^ "Bathavon RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "Church of St. Peter". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  14. ^ Thomas, Rod (2008). A Sacred landscape: The prehistory of Bathampton Down. Bath: Millstream Books. pp. 58–59. ISBN 978-0-948975-86-8. 

External links[edit]