Camille Akeju grew up in Mount Vernon, New York. She attended college in Jacksonville University, in 1968, and was one of six students to be integrated in the dorms. She ended up leaving Jacksonville and attended Howard University, where she earned a bachelor's degree in art education, a minor in printmaking, and her master's in art history. While at Howard, she would intern at the Smithsonian Museum of American Art. After graduation, Akeju worked briefly as professor at Fisk University. She got married to a fellow professor, who was born in Nigeria. The couple would live in Nigeria for two years and then move back to Mount Vernon. Upon their return, she started working at the Association of Community-Based Artists of Westchester Center for the Arts. Akeju then worked, for seven years, at the Mind-Builders Center for the Arts in the Bronx. She was the president and CEO of the Harlem School of the Arts for six years. She also worked at the New York Transit Museum. In 2006 she became the director of the Anacostia Community Museum.
- Salmon, Barrington M. (27 October 2011). "Anacostia Museum Looks to the Future as it Celebrates 44 Years". The Washington Informer. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- Bass, Holly (March–April 2006). "Camille Akeju: New Director Seeks to Rejuvenate Anacostia Museum". Crisis: 37–39. Retrieved 22 April 2012.