Camille Muffat

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Camille Muffat
Camille Muffat.jpg
Personal information
Full name Camille-Marie Manuella
Muffat
Nationality  France
Born (1989-10-28)28 October 1989
Nice, France
Died 9 March 2015(2015-03-09) (aged 25)
La Rioja, Argentina
Height 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Weight 71 kg (157 lb)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Freestyle, medley
Club Olympique Nice Natation

Camille-Marie Manuella Muffat (French pronunciation: ​[ka.mij myfa]; 28 October 1989 – 9 March 2015) was a French swimmer and three-time Olympic medalist.[1]

Swimming out of the "Olympic Nice Natation" club, she specialized in the individual medley and the free style events. Her career expanded from 2005 to 2014, and she is considered one the most important swimmers from France.[citation needed]

At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, she won gold in the 400-meter freestyle, silver in the 200-meter freestyle and bronze in the 4×200-meter freestyle relay. In so doing, she became the fourth French swimmer to win an individual gold medal at the Olympic Games. She was also the third French athlete overall to win three Olympic medals at a single edition of the Olympic Games.

She died in the Villa Castelli helicopter collision during the filming of French TV reality show Dropped for the TF1 network.[2]

Career[edit]

2005–2007[edit]

Muffat first came into the spotlight in 2005, upon beating fellow Frenchwoman Laure Manaudou in the 200-metre individual medley event at the French National Championship, in Nancy, also breaking the French national record, which Manaudou also held.

Only months later, she would again win the 200-metre individual medley event at the European Junior Championships, held in Budapest, Hungary. At the European Juniors, she would also take silver in the 100-metre freestyle.

In 2006, she debuted in the senior European Championships by swimming a leg of the 4x100 metres freestyle relay for France. A month later, she would win four medals - one gold - at that year's World Junior Championships, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In December of 2006, she would attain her first international podium, at the European Short Course Swimming Championship, in Helsinki, Finland.

In 2007, Muffat took part for the first time in a World Championship, in Melbourne, Australia. At the end of the year, she would have her first triumph in senior competitions, by winning the 200 metre individual medley and taking bronze in the 400 metre individual medley event at the 2007 European Short Course Championship, in Debrecen, Hungary.

2008–2011[edit]

In March 2008, Muffat won her first medal at a senior, Long Course international event, by taking bronze at the 200 metre individual medley at the European Championships, in Eindhoven, in the Netherlands.

On the first day of the 2008 French national championships, a qualifying event for that year's Olympic Games, Muffat and Joanne Andraca tied in the 400 m individual medley (IM) in a new French record of 4:38.23. Two days later, she won gold at the 200 metre individual medley by breaking Laure Manaudou's French record. At the end of competition, Muffat had qualified for the 200- and the 400 metre individual medley events at the Olympics, as well as clinched a berth in the French team for the 4x200 metre freestyle relay.

At the 2008 Summer Olympics, however, Muffat only qualified for the final of the relay, where the team finished fifth.

Later in 2008, at the European Short Course Championships, held in Rijeka, Muffat finished second in the 400 metre freestyle, bested by her countrywoman and former Olympic relay teammate, Coralie Balmy. On both the 200- and 400 metre individual medley events, she finished in fifth place.

At the 2009 French national championships, Muffat sets a new French record in the 200 m IM (2:09.34). At that year's World Championships, in Rome, she finished 7th in the 200m individual medley final, and takes part in the French team that finishes eighth in the 4x200m freestyle relay final.

At the 2010 French Championship, in Saint-Raphäel, she wins both the 200m individual medley event and the 400m individual medley event, finishing second to Coralie Balmy in the 200m freestyle event. At the European Championships, in Budapest, Muffat arrives as the favorite to take gold at the 200m individual medley, declaring to the press that the gold medal is her objective in that event. However, after leading the field into the third discipline of the medley, the breaststroke, she was overtaken by Hungarian Katinka Hosszu, causing Muffat to lose momentum and finish 4th in the event. On the same day, the French 4x200m freestyle relay team also finishes second in the final when Muffat, who was achoring the French relay, gets overtaken by another Hungarian swimmer, Evelyn Verraszto. Two days later, she would also finish 4th in the 200m freestyle event, which was won by Italian swimmer Federica Pellegrini.

Following her disappointing results, her coach, Fabrice Pellerin, urges Muffat to make a choice between the medley events and the freestyle events.[3] Chosing the latter, Muffat improved her results in freestyle swimming, taking first place in all distances (50m, 100m, 200m and 400m) at the following French Championships, at Chartre, where she also broke the French record in the 100m freestyle event.

A month later, at the 2010 World Short Course Championship, in Dubai, Muffat would take her first world title, by winning the 200m freestyle event, defeating Katie Hoff of the United States and Kylie Palmer, of Australia. Swimming with the French 4x200m freestyle relay, she would also take a bronze medal from the event.

In 2011, Muffat repeats the feat of winning all four distances (100m, 200m, 400m and 800m) at the French Championships, in Strasbourg, thus also qualifying in all events for that year's World Championships, in Shanghai, China. At the World Championships, Muffat takes 2 bronze medals, in the 200m and the 400m freestyle events.

2012–2014[edit]

In march of 2012, at the French Championships in Dunkerque, Muffat wins the 400m freestyle event by breaking Laure Manaudou's French record, which had been established in 2006. Her time of 4m1s13 was the world's fastest of the year at the time, and earns her a berth in that year's Olympic Games. Two days later, Muffat would also win the 200m freestyle event, breaking her own French record with a time of 1m54s87, thus qualifying for that event as well at the Olympic Games in London.

In April 2013, at the French Championships, in Rennes, she won the 400m freestyle event for a third consecutive time, while also winning the 100m and 200m freestyle events, which qualified her for all three events at the 2013 World Championships, in Barcelona, Spain.

Her performance at the 2013 World Championships, however, were below her established goals, with Muffat taking home 2 bronze medals, in the 200m freestyle and the 4x200m freestyle relay. In her signature 400m freestyle event, however, she finished a distant 7th place in the final.

After the World Championships, Muffat decided to cut down on her training routine temporarily, and takes a gold, a silver and a bronze at the 2013 French Short Course Championship, in Dijon. At that year's European Championships, however, she fails to qualify for the 200m freestyle final, and finishes 5th in the 400m freestyle.

At the 2014 French Championships, in Chartres, a qualifying event for the 2014 European Championships, Muffat wins four titles, taking gold in the 100m, 200m and 400m freestyle, as well as in the 100m butterfly. She also takes silver in the 50m freestyle.

However, on July 12, 2014, before the European Championships, she announced her retirement from competitive swimming at age 24, during an interview to the French newspaper, L'Équipe.

2012 Summer Olympics[edit]

Muffat qualified to enter three events at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. She won the gold medal in the 400 m freestyle with a new Olympic record,[4] as well as the silver medal in the 200 m freestyle event. Also, her 4×200 m freestyle team won the bronze medal in a time of 7:47.49. [Camille Muffat (1:55.51); Charlotte Bonnet (1:57.78); Ophélie-Cyrielle Étienne (1:58.05); Coralie Balmy (1:56.15)]. She thus equalled Laure Manaudou's 2004 Olympics achievement of one gold, one silver and one bronze, and also became only the third Frenchwoman after Micheline Ostermeyer and Manaudou to win three medals in a single summer or winter Olympic Games.

Style[edit]

Muffat was trained as a medley swimmer who was particularly gifted in the breaststroke and crawl styles, which are the closing disciplines in the medley.

However, after a strong start to her career, her results in the medley events started to fade, and Muffat felt like she could not sustain her pace well enough to achieve her goals by swimming the medley. As a result, she changed her swimming profile, switching to the freestyle events, at the suggestion of her coach, Fabrice Pellerin.

Under Pellerin's guidance, Muffat dedicates herself to an extensive training programme, which includes training on Sundays for a year before the Olympic Games.

Earnings and Sponsorships[edit]

Muffat's agent, Sophie Kamoun, never disclosed details concerning the revenues earned by Muffat during her career. However, French magazine Le Figaro estimated that it could be as much as 500 thousand euros in 2012.[5]

She signed a sponsorship deal with Électricité de France ahead of the 2012 Olympic Games, and the French Olympic Committee also pays money prizes for athletes earning medals at the games[6]

Personal life[edit]

Muffat was the middle child of a family of 5, having an older sister, Chloé, and a younger brother, Quentin. Her father, Guy Muffat was a physical therapist and her mother, Laurence, was a nurse.

Upon finishing High School, she pursued a degree in Economics, during which time she swam under a high-performance athlete studying system. She eventually dropped out of school in order to pursue her swimming career.

On 1 January 2013, Muffat was made a Knight (Chevalier) of the Légion d'honneur.[7]

On 12 July 2014, she announced her retirement.[8]

Death[edit]

On 9 March 2015, as a part of a group of sports stars participating in reality TV show Dropped, Muffat was killed along with nine other people when two helicopters collided in mid-air during the filming in northwestern Argentina.[9][10]

References[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Italy Alessia Filippi
Women's 800 metre freestyle
world record holder (short course)

16 November 2012 – 10 August 2013
Succeeded by
Spain Mireia Belmonte
Preceded by
United Kingdom Joanne Jackson
Women's 400 metre freestyle
world record holder (short course)

24 November 2012 – 11 August 2013
Succeeded by
Spain Mireia Belmonte
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Nikola Karabatić
(Sportperson of the Year)
French Sportswoman of the Year
2012
Succeeded by
Marion Bartoli