Camillo Laurenti

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His Eminence
Camillo Laurenti
Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites
Camillo Laurenti 1922.jpg
Appointed 12 March 1929
Term ended 6 September 1938
Predecessor Antonio Vico
Successor Carlo Salotti
Other posts Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria della Scala
Orders
Ordination 7 June 1884
Created Cardinal 21 June 1921
by Pope Benedict XV
Rank Cardinal-Deacon
Personal details
Birth name Camillo Laurenti
Born (1861-11-20)20 November 1861
Monte Porzio Catone, Latium, Papal States
Died 6 September 1938(1938-09-06) (aged 76)
Rome, Italy
Buried Campo Verano
Nationality Italian
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post
Motto Stella Matutina (Morning star)
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Styles of
Camillo Laurenti
Coat of arms of Camillo Laurenti.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See None

Camillo Laurenti (20 November 1861 – 6 September 1938) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites from 1929 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1921.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Camillo Laurenti was born in Monte Porzio Catone, and studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, from where he obtained his doctorates in philosophy and in theology. He attended the Capranica College as well. Laurenti was ordained to the priesthood on 7 June 1884, and became an official of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith on the following 1 September.

Whilst serving as professor of philosophy at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum De Propaganda Fide (1892–1908), he was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain Supernumerary on 3 August 1889. Laurenti returned to the Roman Curia on 20 October 1908 as Undersecretary of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. He was later named Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 12 June 1909, and Secretary of the Propagation of the Faith on 12 August 1911. As Secretary, he served as the second-highest official of that dicastery, successively under Cardinals Girolamo Maria Gotti, Domenico Serafini, and Willem van Rossum.

Cardinalate[edit]

Pope Benedict XV created him Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria della Scala in the consistory of 21 June 1921. Laurenti participated in the 1922 papal conclave. He was selected Pope, but according to The Compact History Of The Popes, "he refused to accept the honor". Voting continued and Pope Pius XI was selected. Pope Pius XI then appointed Laurenti Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Religious on 5 July of that same year.

The Cardinal, after six years as the Vatican overseer of all Roman Catholic religious institutes, was made Pro-Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites on 17 December 1928, rising to become full Prefect on 12 March 1929. He opted for the order of Cardinal Priests on 16 December 1935 and retained his titular church.

Death and burial[edit]

Laurenti died in Rome, at age 76, and is buried at the Campo Verano.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Teodoro Valfre di Bonzo
Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Religious
5 July 1922–17 December 1928
Succeeded by
Alexis Lépicier
Preceded by
Antonio Vico
Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites
12 March 1929–6 September 1938
Succeeded by
Carlo Salotti
Preceded by
Gaetano Bisleti
Cardinal Protodeacon
17 December 1928 – 16 December 1935
Succeeded by
Camillo Caccia-Dominioni