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The term comes from Spanish camisa (shirt): when the Tercio had actions, (skirmishes) of around 50 men attacking at night with minimum equipment, only sword and dagger (although some soldiers could carry arquebus or musket), and they were dressed only with a white shirt, (thus the Spanish word es:encamisada), in order to kill in silence as many enemies when they were sleeping. This has been perfectly reflected in the film Alatriste, based on the main character of a series of novels written by Arturo Pérez-Reverte, The Adventures of Captain Alatriste (Las aventuras del Capitán Alatriste).
- On 9 October 1544, French forces under the Dauphin assault Boulogne by night, but are ultimately unsuccessful.
- On 14 October 1758, General Daun surprised Frederick the Great in the Battle of Hochkirch.
- On 26 December 1776, General George Washington and his Continental Army swiftly defeat the Hessians in the Battle of Trenton.
For I this day will lead the forlorn hope,
The camisado shall be given by me.——The Four Apprentices of London by Thomas Heywood
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chambers, Ephraim, ed. (1728). "article name needed". Cyclopaedia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (first ed.). James and John Knapton, et al.