Cammy

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Cammy White
Street Fighter character
Cammy (Street Fighter character).png
First game Super Street Fighter II (1993)
Voiced by (English) Debra Jean Rogers (SFII: The Animated Movie, SFII V Animaze)
Susan Hart (X-Men vs. Street Fighter, Marvel vs. Capcom 2, Capcom vs. SNK)
Carol Matthews (SFII V ADV #1)
Shawn Taylor (SFII V ADV #2)
Lisa Ann Beley (Street Fighter cartoon)
Caitlin Glass (SFIV, Super SFIV, Street Fighter X Tekken)
Voiced by (Japanese) Akiko Koumoto (SF Alpha 3, Namco x Capcom)
Miki Nagasawa (Capcom vs. SNK 2)
Yōko Sasaki (SFII V, SFII: The Animated Movie)
Kotono Mitsuishi (SFII drama CD)
Maya Okamoto (Japanese dub of the Street Fighter film)
Miyuki Sawashiro (SFIV, Super SFIV, Street Fighter X Tekken)
Motion capture Kylie Minogue (The Movie games)
Portrayed by Kylie Minogue (The Movie)
Fictional profile
Nationality British
Fighting style Shadaloo assassination techniques (Shadaloo)
Special forces Combatives (Delta Red)

Cammy (キャミィ Kyamī?), also known by full name Cammy White (キャミィ ホワイト Kyami Howaito) and codenamed Killer Bee (キラービー Kiraa Bii) in Street Fighter Alpha 3, is a video game character in the Street Fighter fighting game series and the second female fighter to appear in the series, after Chun-Li. She debuted in 1993 as one of the four new characters in Super Street Fighter II: The New Challengers. She has also been featured in the Street Fighter Alpha games, first as a secret character and then as a playable character. The games explore her backstory as one of the evil M. Bison's deadliest assassins or "dolls" turned an amnesiac MI6 operative for the British government.

Cammy has also appeared in other Street Fighter media, such as the 1994 live action Street Fighter film and its animated spin-off, as well as Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie. She has also been featured in various official comics and merchandise, as well as in the crossover series Marvel vs. Capcom and Capcom vs. SNK. The character has been well received, with commentators often noting her sex appeal. Cammy is also one of the most popular characters in the series, often winning polls regarding fans who want to see her appear in new Street Fighter titles and spin-offs.

Character design[edit]

Capcom's research and development head Noritaka Funamizu stated that Cammy's inclusion in Super Street Fighter II stemmed from his feeling that the game needed another female character besides Chun-Li.[1] Cammy is a fighter with a slender build, strengthened by her solid muscular tone. She has long blonde hair she usually wears in two braided pigtails, blue eyes and a scar on her left cheek. In Super Street Fighter II, she is shown wearing a green sleeveless thong leotard, a red beret, red gloves and black boots. She also wears green camouflage stains on her legs. This incarnation is known as Delta Red Cammy and appears in the Street Fighter II series of games, in other games such as Cannon Spike, in the live action movie, in the American animated series, in several manga and comic book adaptations, in the home versions of Street Fighter IV and in Super Street Fighter IV. Delta Red Cammy is approximately 19 years old in Street Fighter II and 22 in Street Fighter IV.

A different look was introduced in X-Men vs. Street Fighter. This time, Cammy was depicted wearing a light blue outfit which was part thong leotard and part turtleneck sweater, a matching garrison cap, red gloves and armbraces, brown leather boots, and a yellow necktie. The camouflage of her legs was replaced with blue stains in the shape of lightning bolts. This incarnation is known as Shadaloo Cammy and appears in the Street Fighter Alpha, Marvel vs. Capcom and Capcom vs. SNK series of games, as well as in Namco X Capcom and in several manga and comic adaptations. Shadaloo Cammy is approximately 16 years old.

In Street Fighter IV, in addition to the Delta Red attire, her default, Cammy has an alternate appearance which is reminiscent of the Shadaloo version. This consists of her wearing a blue zipped-up fleece thong leotard with matching knee-high boots with woolen trim, a Delta Red garrison cap, midnight blue gloves and armbraces, and blue camouflage on her legs.[2] In the consecutive Super Street Fighter IV, she gains an additional alternate costume based on M.Bison's, mostly by its red color and the similarly-shaped hat and accessories. However, she still wears a thong leotard and camouflage paint on her legs. Her fourth alternative costume in the game has her in a catgirl-type costume, with metal gauntlets and leg coverings. In Street Fighter X Tekken, Cammy gains an additional two alternate costumes: one is based on King from Tekken, and the second is an all-original design inspired by a punk rock type of look, with her sporting a huge red bow, a black vest with a pink top, a red skirt with leather straps and black leather knee-high boots; she also got a leopard motif costume in an update.[3]

Appearances[edit]

In video games[edit]

Cammy was among the "New Challengers" introduced in the fourth Street Fighter II revision, Super Street Fighter II, as one of four new characters joining the previous games's roster. In this game, Cammy is a teen-aged agent of the fictional Delta Red commando task force within Britain's Secret Intelligence Service (MI6). In the Japanese version of her ending, she is revealed to have been an agent working for the villain M. Bison in the past, but lost her memories during a past operation. The American version instead reported her as a previous lover of M. Bison's, but equally suffering from amnesia.

A younger version of Cammy appears as an assassin working for Bison's Shadaloo organization, with the codename "Killer Bee" (and in later games described as one of the "Shadaloo Dolls"), first in Street Fighter Alpha 2 Gold, where she appears as a hidden character available exclusively in the second player and training modes (however, this would be rectified in Street Fighter Alpha Anthology where she would be fully playable in Arcade mode with a complete storyline and ending), and then in Street Fighter Alpha 3, where she is a full-fledged playable character. In Alpha 3, Cammy is revealed to be a clone created from M. Bison's DNA. The Game Boy Advance version of Super Street Fighter II Turbo: Revival and the Xbox Live and PSN remake Super Street Fighter II Turbo HD Remix take into account this revelation in their versions of Cammy's ending.

Cammy is featured in the console and PC versions of Street Fighter IV. Set after the various editions of Street Fighter II (but before Street Fighter III), it depicts Cammy as having come to terms with her past as a brainwashed super soldier from Shadaloo and is now embarking a new mission with her Delta Red comrades[4] (which include Commander Watson, Matthew McCoy, Colonel Wolfman, 1st Lieutenant Luwanda, and George Ginzu). This is the first time since the Street Fighter II era that Cammy has appeared in her Delta Red depiction as opposed to her Shadaloo depiction, and also the very first time in which she actually speaks with a British accent as per Cammy's birthplace being officially listed as Britain, however, due to her nature as a clone of Bison, this might not be her true place of origin. In her ending in this game, she destroys the BLECE data, believing the project to be what Bison had used to brainwash her in the first place. In the update Super Street Fighter IV, Cammy still remembers her time as a "doll" and affectionately refers to the "Dolls" as her sisters, vowing to rescue them from Shadaloo. Her penultimate, "rival" fight is against newcomer Juri, on whom Cammy swears revenge for her ill actions towards the "dolls", only for Juri to counter the accusation by bringing up Cammy's dark past. In her new ending, Cammy consoles a recovering former "doll" (Juni from Street Fighter Alpha 3); this new ending establishes the fact that she is recovering her memories, or at least trying to atone for the things she did in the past. In Ultra Street Fighter IV, Decapre, an early result of the Shadaloo cloning experiments that created Cammy, appears as a playable character.

Cammy appears in her Alpha incarnation as a playable character in the crossover fighting games X-Men vs. Street Fighter, Marvel vs. Capcom 2, Capcom vs. SNK, Capcom vs. SNK 2 and Street Fighter X Tekken. She also appears as a playable character in the shoot 'em up Cannon Spike, where she appears in her SSFII costume for her default form and in her Alpha outfit as an alternate appearance (additionally wearing roller skates in both cases), and in the browser-based social game Onimusha Soul, where she is re-designed to fit the feudal Japan theme.[5]

In the crossover tactical role-playing game Namco × Capcom, Cammy appears as a brainwashed enemy character who later joins the player's side as a partner to Chun-Li. In the beat'em up game Final Fight: Streetwise, a redesigned Cammy appears as one of the underground pit fighters who challenges the player (she also has her own brand of lager, with advertising posters in the pool hall level). In the action role-playing game Monster Hunter Frontier Online, players can dress up their hunters in Cammy's Shadoloo outfit.[6]

Other appearances[edit]

Kylie Minogue portraying Cammy for Street Fighter: The Movie. Complex ranked her role in the film as ninth on the list of "hottest women in video game movies" with likeness of 82%[7]

Cammy appears as one of the main heroes in the 1994 film Street Fighter, portrayed by Australian pop singer Kylie Minogue. In this film, Cammy is a British intelligence agent that is serving as Colonel Guile's intel officer and aide de camp in the Allied Nations Army. (Minogue also played Cammy in both Street Fighter: The Movie video games.)

Cammy also appears in two Street Fighter anime productions by Group TAC. In Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie, Cammy appears in a scene early in the movie, where she assassinates British minister Albert Sellers after being brainwashed by Shadaloo. She is later seen being interrogated by Chun-Li. Her status after that is unclear, with Bison's last orders to Sagat being the elimination of Vega and Cammy. In the English dub of the film, Cammy is portrayed as American rather than British.

In the Street Fighter II V series, Cammy is a former special forces operative-turned-assassin who is hired by Balrog to assassinate Chun-Li's father, but is stopped by Fei Long. After her fight, she realizes that Balrog had tricked her and nearly kills him. Cammy has a completely different look in the series, wearing black leather pants a black body fit shirt, red gloves, red boots, and a black necklace with a silver cross. This incarnation of the character does not have a scar on her cheek and wears her hair in a single ponytail. As in the animated movie, the series' English dub depicts Cammy as American instead of British.

In the American Street Fighter animated series, Cammy appears in several episodes during the first season and is the central focus of a sub-plot in the second season. During the first season, she is an ally of Guile who has a flirtatious relationship with him, and is eventually made part of his team. However, she is brainwashed by Bison and becomes one of his underlings, fighting both Street Fighters and Delta Red during the remainder of the series. She turns on Bison when she learns that he had killed her parents, and switches sides back to her original allies.

In addition to appearing in the manga adaptations of the Street Fighter games and anime, Cammy was also the central character in Masahiko Nakahira's 1994 manga Super Street Fighter II: Cammy, which was released in English by Viz Communications.[8][9] Cammy would appear in Nakahira's subsequent 1996 manga adaptation of Street Fighter Alpha (predating her appearance in X-Men vs. Street Fighter and Street Fighter Alpha 2 Gold), where she appears as a brainwashed test subject named "Killer Bee",[10][11][12][13] a codename that was later adopted for the video game storyline. The X-Men vs. Street Fighter depiction of Cammy also appeared in the 1997 manga Street Fighter: Sakura Ganbaru!, also by Nakahira. In Sakura Ganbaru!, she is first named "Cammy" by Sakura by chance, the name coming from a cat in her neighborhood Cammy reminds her of.[14][15][16][17]

In addition to publishing English-language adaptations of the Street Fighter Alpha and Sakura Ganbaru! manga, UDON released an original comic book series retelling the Street Fighter story. In it Cammy, working as Bison's "Killer Bee" assassin, is the one directly responsible for the death of Chun-Li's father. Elsewhere, she is tracking Ryu in San Francisco under orders from Shadaloo, when she is confronted and captured by Rose, who undoes Shadaloo's brainwashing then leaves her in front of the British embassy in Italy. Cammy has no memory of anything leading up to that moment, but a terrorist attack on the embassy suddenly triggers her latent fighting ability and she foils the threat, after which Delta Red promptly sign her on as a member. While she completes missions with Delta Red, Cammy pieces together remnants of her memory and does her best to make up for any sins she might have committed in Shadaloo's name. During the second series, Cammy takes a leave from Delta Red to find out more about her past. She travels to Mexico with Chun-Li to meet T. Hawk for a joint investigation, but they are intercepted by M. Bison, who recaptures her and demands she represent Shadaloo in the upcoming tournament he is hosting. Cammy is brought back to Shadaloo where her brainwashing is resumed during the third series (Street Fighter II Turbo), but Vega frees her from the brainwashing before the tournament finishes. Cammy acts as though she is still under Bison's command but enlists the help of Chun-Li and Guile. In the aftermath she has rejoined Delta Red.

Cammy History, a two-volume light novel by Yuka Minakawa featuring Cammy as the main character, was published by Wani Books in 1995.[18][19][20] She had cameo appearance in the 2012 Disney animated film Wreck-It Ralph, alongside Blanka.[21] Cammy artwork was featured on an officially licenced lenticular print Nubytech/UDON joypad for the PlayStation 2,[22] and a Mad Catz wireless joypad for the PlayStation 3.[23] She was also a subject of numerous figures from various manufacturers.

Reception[edit]

The character is a popular subject of cosplay[24][25][26]

Cammy has become and remained one of the most popular characters in the Street Fighter franchise. She won Capcom's official poll "Which character do fans most want in SFIV?" in 2008, gathering almost as many votes as all the other seven characters in the list combined.[27] She also came second in Capcom's previous poll of 85 characters for the 15th anniversary of Street Fighter II in 2005[28] and won a 2008 poll put forth by Capcom asking the fans to choose which character they would like to see to return for Street Fighter IV.[29] In the official poll by Namco, Cammy has been the fourth most requested Street Fighter side character to be added to the roster of Tekken X Street Fighter, as of August 2012 raking up 15.08% of votes.[30]

Several media outlets also included Cammy among the top ten in their rankings of Street Fighter characters. IGN placed her as number nine in their 2008 list, noting her sex appeal and unique gameplay and (incorrectly) adding "of the four new fighters in Super Turbo, she's the only one who made a return appearance in future games."[31] GameDaily ranked her at seventh place in their list of top Street Fighter characters for her "incredible" assassin skills and "her military motif that showcases some of the best legs in video games."[32] In 2010, UGO Networks similarly placed her at seventh spot on theirs list of top Street Fighter characters, stating that while she does not have any projectile attacks, she "makes up for the lack of distance fighting with quick and close kicks."[33]

Cammy received critical acclaim for her sex appeal. She was given the "Hottest Game Babe of 1993" award by Electronic Gaming Monthly.[34] In 2003, GameSpy listed her alongside Chun-Li as one of the top ten "babes in games" at sixth place noting that with "leg revealing outfits she showed the world that pixelated Brit girls are sexy."[35] In 2008, Spike ranked Cammy as the tenth top "video game vixen", praising her attractiveness and attire,[36] and News.com.au named her as the fifth sexiest characters in video games, described as "a kickass character with good looks to boot".[37] In Unreality’s "Queen of the Iron Fist Tournament" 2008, Cammy won against Seong Mi-Na (Soul), Christie Monteiro (Tekken), Morrigan Aensland (Darkstalkers) and Kasumi (Dead or Alive), before losing in the final round against Taki (Soul).[38] In 2009, FHM listed Cammy among the nine sexiest "bad girls of videogame land",[39] while ScrewAttack ranked her alternate outfit in Street Fighter IV as the fourth sexiest costume in gaming and commenting: "I wouldn't even call this a full outfit, because it's pretty much just a snow jacket and some knee high boots."[40] UGO included her in their 2010 list of top "videogame hotties" for her legs and high speed,[41] and ranked her second on their 2011 list of fighting games's finest female fighters, commenting: "What's with the mixed messages? Cammy wears that outfit and then covers her exposed legs and buns with camouflage."[42] In 2012, Cammy was ranked as the fourth "hottest" video game character by Complex[43] as well as the fifth "hottest" female video game character by Gadget Review,[44] while MSN included her among the 20 "hottest women in video game history"[45] and JoBlo.com placed her third on their list of "hottest video game characters".[46] That same year, ZoominGames ranked her as the second top "game babe" overall,[47] while PLAY ranked her as number one top "hottest" blonde in games, calling her "the undisputed queen of all gaming blondes."[48]

In 2010, James Hawkins of Joystick Division ranked her as the sixth top "badass lady" in video games, chosen for fearlessness.[49] Cammy topped ScrewAttack's 2010 list of top buttocks in video games.[50] She also placed second on the list of "nicest asses" in video games by Ripten in 2008,[51] ninth on the list of the "greatest asses" in video game history by Joystick Division in 2011,[52] and fourth on the list of "best butts in games" by ZoominGames in 2012.[25] On the other hand, NBC News included Cammy on the 2012 list of the top five most preposterous video game outfits, while commenting, "[W]e have one simple piece of advice: Put on some pants."[53] She was additionally cited as an example of what GamesRadar considered "the most shameless—and least surprising—character cliché of all time" in "the nearly-naked woman."[54]

In 2008, GameDaily listed her among "ten babes who shouldn't meet your mom" for her "simply asking for trouble" Alpha series costume and for being a "no-nonsense assassin".[55] They also ranker Cammy tenth in their list of the 50 hottest female characters in video games.[56] In 2012, Complex ranked her as the 26th "most dominant" fighting game character for her looks and her assassination scene in Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie,[57] also ranking her "How does it feel getting beaten by a tiny girl like me?" as the 30th humiliating victory quote in fighting games,[58] and included her among greatest soldiers in video games, commenting: "Never mind that her uniform isn't exactly standard issue; she still kicks a lot of ass."[59]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff (1996). "A Fighter Speaks". Game On! (Horibuchi, Seiji) 1 (1): 6. 
  2. ^ "Street Fighter IV Alternate Costumes: Cammy - GameSpot Video". Gamespot.com. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  3. ^ http://www.capcom.co.jp/sfxtk_en/system.html
  4. ^ "STREET FIGHTER IV (ストリートファイターIV):PlayStation3版/Xbox360版 追加キャラクター" (in Japanese). 
  5. ^ Capcom Heroines Have Their Biggest Crossover In Onimusha Soul, Siliconera, March 23, 2013
  6. ^ Cammy and Ken Are Kind Of In Monster Hunter, Siliconera, February 6, 2013.
  7. ^ Peter Rubin, The 15 Hottest Women In Video Game Movies, Complex, February 16, 2011.
  8. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Super Street Fighter II - Cammy Gaiden (in Japanese). ISBN 4-09-123801-7. 
  9. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Super Street Fighter II: Cammy. ISBN 1-56931-212-5. 
  10. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Street Fighter ZERO (in Japanese) 1. ISBN 4-88199-220-1. 
  11. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Street Fighter ZERO (in Japanese) 2. ISBN 4-88199-273-2. 
  12. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Street Fighter Alpha 1. ISBN 1-897376-50-2. 
  13. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Street Fighter Alpha 2. ISBN 1-897376-51-0. 
  14. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Sakura Ganbaru! (in Japanese) 1. ISBN 4-88199-326-7. 
  15. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Sakura Ganbaru! (in Japanese) 2. ISBN 4-88199-366-6. 
  16. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Sakura Ganbaru! 1. ISBN 1-897376-52-9. 
  17. ^ Nakahira, Masahiko. Sakura Ganbaru! 2. ISBN 1-897376-53-7. 
  18. ^ Minakawa, Yuka. Cammy History (in Japanese) 1. ISBN 4-8470-3142-3. 
  19. ^ Minakawa, Yuka. Cammy History (in Japanese) 2. ISBN 4-8470-3145-8. 
  20. ^ "Cammy History Novels". Cammyfan.com. 1974-01-06. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  21. ^ "The Familiar Faces of Wreck-It Ralph - IGN". Uk.ign.com. 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  22. ^ "Street Fighter 2 Wireless Controller: Cammy (PS2): Amazon.co.uk: PC & Video Games". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  23. ^ Bros, Warner. "Mad Catz Street Fighter IV Round 2 FightPad - Cammy (PS3): Amazon.co.uk: PC & Video Games". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  24. ^ "41 Cammy Cosplay Pics (PICS!)". GameFront. 2010-08-16. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  25. ^ a b Top 5 - Best ass in gaming, ZoominGames on YouTube, March 13, 2012
  26. ^ (French) Le Top 15 des Cosplay les plus Sexy du jeu vidéo (partie 2), TF1, March 12, 2010
  27. ^ Kennedy, Sam (20 August 2008). Street Fighter 4 Producer Talks Wii, Dimps, and Sheng Long. IGN. Retrieved on 2008-10-13
  28. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 19 December 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  29. ^ "Official Results from the SF4 character poll". Eventhubs.com. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  30. ^ https://fb.namcobandaigames.com/fbtekken/statistics_user.php?sid=78423
  31. ^ Top 25 Street Fighter Characters - Day IV. IGN. Retrieved on 2008-08-15
  32. ^ Top 20 Street Fighter Characters of All Time. GameDaily. Retrieved on 2008-11-13
  33. ^ Furfari, Paul (25 August 2010). "Top 50 Street Fighter Characters". UGO.com. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  34. ^ Electronic Gaming Monthly's Buyer's Guide. 1994. 
  35. ^ Johnson, Bryan (4 May 2003). Top Ten Babes in Games. GameSpy. Retrieved on 2008-10-13
  36. ^ Staff (10 November 2008). Top 10 Video Game Vixens. Spike. Retrieved on 2008-12-14
  37. ^ Staff (24 October 2008). Top 10 sexiest game characters. News.com.au. Retrieved on 2008-12-14
  38. ^ "Unreality - Announcing Unreality's Queen of the Iron Fist Tournament". Unrealitymag.com. 2008-11-14. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  39. ^ Gelo Gonzales, The bad girls of videogame land, FHM, September 11, 2009
  40. ^ "Top 10 Sexiest Outfits". ScrewAttack.com. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  41. ^ Top 50 Videogame Hotties. UGO.com. Retrieved on 2008-12-14
  42. ^ Sitterson, Aubrey (14 January 2011). "Fighting Games' Hottest Women - Cammy". UGO.com. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  43. ^ Larry Hester, The 50 Hottest Video Game Characters, Complex.com, Jun 27, 2012
  44. ^ Kristie Bertucci, 20 hottest female video game characters (list), Gadget Review, 05 July 2012
  45. ^ The hottest women in video game history, MSN, 21 Sep 2012
  46. ^ The Sexy Ten Spot: Hottest Videogame Characters, JoBlo.com, Oct. 31, 2012
  47. ^ Top 5 - Game babes, ZoominGames on YouTube, January 9, 2012
  48. ^ "Top 10 hottest blondes in games | PLAY Magazine". Play-mag.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  49. ^ James Hawkins, The Top Ten Badass Ladies in Video Game History, Joystick Division, May 20, 2010
  50. ^ "Top 10 Butts in Video Games". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  51. ^ "Top 10 Nicest Asses in Videogames - #2 Cammy White". Ripten.com. 2008-12-07. Retrieved 2013-08-01. 
  52. ^ James Hawkins, The Top Ten Greatest Asses In Video Game History, Joystick Division, March 10, 2011
  53. ^ "Most preposterous getups in games - Technology & science - Games - msnbc.com". MSNBC. 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  54. ^ Barratt, Charlie (July 21, 2008). "The Top 7...Lazy Character Clichés". GamesRadar. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 
  55. ^ Ten Babes Who Should and 10 Babes Who Shouldn't Meet Your Mom Gallery and Images - GameDaily (archived)
  56. ^ "Top 50 Hottest Game Babes on Trial". GameDaily. Archived from the original on June 3, 2008. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  57. ^ Elton Jones, The 50 Most Dominant Fighting Game Characters, Complex.com, May 17, 2012
  58. ^ Obi Anyanwu, The 100 Most Humiliating Video Game Victory Quotes, Complex.com, November 14, 2012
  59. ^ Chad Hunter, Michael Rougeau, The 50 Greatest Soldiers In Video Games, Complex.com, May 25, 2013.

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