Camp Hill, Queensland
Typical housing in Camp Hill built in the 1950s
|• Density||2,290/km2 (5,930/sq mi)|
|Area||4.6 km2 (1.8 sq mi)|
|Location||4 km (2 mi) from Brisbane|
|LGA(s)||City of Brisbane
(Chandler Ward; Doboy Ward; The Gabba Ward; Holland Park Ward; Morningside Ward)
Camp Hill is a largely residential suburb in the south-east of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is located approximately 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the Brisbane central business district and, as its name suggests, is elevated and commands fine views of the CBD. It has an area of 4.6 square kilometres.
Camp Hill is 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from Brisbane’s CBD. Over 43% of households in this area consist of couples with children and a further 39% are couples without children. Stand alone houses account for nearly 86% of all dwellings, with townhouses and units accounting for a further 13%. Camp Hill has a variety of housing styles – everything from renovated Queenslanders through to modern dwellings.
In the 2011 Census the population of Camp Hill is 10,533, 51% female and 49% male.
The median/average age of the Camp Hill population is 35 years of age, 2 years below the Australian average.
79.9% of people living in Camp Hill were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 3.1%, England 3%, India 1%, Italy 0.7%, South Africa 0.6%.
88% of people speak English as their first language 1.2% Italian, 0.9% Greek, 0.6% Spanish, 0.5% Punjabi, 0.4% Vietnamese.
Camp Hill, on the south side of Brisbane, derives its name from the fact that is was once actually a stopover area for people travelling to Brisbane's coastline.
"We find it hard to understand now - why would you need to camp on the way to Cleveland?" comments Brian Randall from the State Library of Queensland. "But it was a really long, hard journey, there were creeks to cross, it was very difficult, so the journey took a couple of days."
So teamsters and other travellers stopped and rested at a waterhole or spring in the area and that's where the name came from. "There would have been an inn or a trading shop - they camped at the base of the hill," adds Brian.
The original early settlers in the area were farmers, with a strong German influence in the community in the early period. In the 1860s, McCann's Greenbank Diary was in operation, and Peter Faust was also farming in that era.
In 1873, the White family purchased 53 acres (210,000 m2) on high land that became known as White's Hill, which is still the name of a locality within the suburb of Camp Hill. Robert White, who was a joiner, originally built a slab hut on the northern centre of the hill and was farming (dairy cows, pigs). By the 1920s, he'd built a road to the summit of the hill and built a large home on the summit. A two-storey tower at the northern end was included and was used as an observatory. This is now a public reserve.
It was in the 1880s that a real land and housing boom began, however. In 1882, Isaac Bennett established a rose farm on the corner of Bennett's and Old Cleveland Roads (this land was eventually subdivided). In 1886, John and Thirza Zahel acquired land between Dorothy Lane and Pampling Street and established a vineyard and orchard, and in 1890, the Fiveash family established a dairy as well as a fruit and vegetable farm on land at the corner of Clara St and Stanley Rd. The US Army had a significant impact on the area during the Second World War. A large US hospital was built on land to the rear of the Camp Hill Hotel. It accommodated up to 3,000 patients and staff. Now Arrol, Errey, Ascham, Morven, Aubrey and Arrowsmith Streets take up the site. These street follow the same pattern as the US constructed hospital roads.
Other local street names include Hobart, Sydney and Melbourne Avenue, which are the names of World War I ships as well as Australian capital cities.
Lossock Avenue and Tranters Avenue share an interesting history: in 1921, a Charles Lossock of Devon in England was staying at the Tranters Hotel in London, where he met a Brisbane architect who was subdividing land in the Camp Hill area. This architect became friendly with Mr Lossocks and promised to name a street in the new estate after him, as well as one after the Tranters Hotel.
Other significant dates:
- 1883 - Bus service to Stones Corner established.
- 1923 - 11 February - St. Thomas Catholic Church. On 28 January 1929, St. Thomas' School commenced
- 1925 - Tram line extended from to Camp Hill
- 1926 - Camp Hill State School, originally called Mt. Bruce State School
- 1926 - Church of the Annunciation (Church of England)
- 1928 - Camp Hill Methodist Church
- World War II - The Australian Army used White's Hill as an observation site
Between 1912 and 1926 the suburb was serviced by a steam tram which connected with the Queensland Government Railway at Norman Park. Initially the service was operated by the Belmont Shire Council. The service was suspended in 1924. The service was reinstated by the Brisbane City Council in 1925, but was again suspended in 1926. The tracks, which followed the present Oateson Skyline Drive (in Seven Hills), Ferguson Road and Old Cleveland Road, remained in place until 1934, by which time an electric tram line had been extended up Old Cleveland Road from Coorparoo. The electric tram ceased operations in April 1969. As at November 2012 some of the tram tracks remain in Old Cleveland Road. During the expected construction of the Eastern Busway, it is likely that these tracks will be removed.
Camp Hill has a large shopping centre in the "Whites Hill" area of the town (Centro Samuel Village) Which includes Woolworths, a Beer Wine Spirits and a few smaller stores. There are also a few smaller stores along Old Cleveland Road.
Camp Hill has a bowls club  located on Ferguson Road. The Whites Hill Reserve contains touch football and Holland Park Hawks facilities.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Carina Heights, Qld (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Chandler Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Doboy Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Holland Park Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Morningside Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- John Kerr, John Armstrong, Destination South Brisbane, ARHS, second edition 1984, ISBN 0-909937-09-5
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Camp Hill, Queensland.|
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Camp Hill
- "Camp Hill". BRISbites. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- "Camp Hill". Our Brisbane. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2013.