Camp Nichols

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Camp Nichols
Camp Nichols aerial view.png
Aerial view of the ruins of Camp Nichols (USGS)
Camp Nichols is located in Oklahoma
Camp Nichols
Location Cimarron County, Oklahoma, USA
Nearest city Wheeless, Oklahoma
Coordinates 36°45′16.09″N 102°55′34.57″W / 36.7544694°N 102.9262694°W / 36.7544694; -102.9262694Coordinates: 36°45′16.09″N 102°55′34.57″W / 36.7544694°N 102.9262694°W / 36.7544694; -102.9262694
Built 1865
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 66000628
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL May 23, 1963[2]

Camp Nichols, also known as Fort Nichols or Camp Nichols Ranch, was a historic fortification located in present-day Cimarron County, Oklahoma. It was built by New Mexico and California volunteers under the command of Col. Kit Carson to protect travelers on the Cimarron Cut-off of the Santa Fe Trail from raids by the Kiowa and Comanche Indians. Established in 1865 and abandoned the next year, it was the only manmade structure along the Cimarron Cut-off while it was an active route.

Only ruins remain. The site is located on private property and is not accessible to the public.

The site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1963 and subsequently listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2][3]


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Camp Nichols". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  3. ^ Joseph Scott Mendinghall (November 26, 1975). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Camp Nichols Ranch PDF (409 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 2 photos, from 1970. PDF (541 KB)

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