Aerial view of the ruins of Camp Nichols (USGS)
|Location||Cimarron County, Oklahoma, USA|
|Nearest city||Wheeless, Oklahoma|
|NRHP Reference #||66000628|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||May 23, 1963|
Camp Nichols, also known as Fort Nichols or Camp Nichols Ranch, was a historic fortification located in present-day Cimarron County, Oklahoma. It was built by New Mexico and California volunteers under the command of Col. Kit Carson to protect travelers on the Cimarron Cut-off of the Santa Fe Trail from raids by the Kiowa and Comanche Indians. Established in 1865 and abandoned the next year, it was the only manmade structure along the Cimarron Cut-off while it was an active route.
Only ruins remain. The site is located on private property and is not accessible to the public.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Camp Nichols". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- Joseph Scott Mendinghall (November 26, 1975). PDF (409 KB). National Park Service. and PDF (541 KB)
- Camp Nichols; National Register Properties in Oklahoma
- Camp Nichols; Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings (NPS)
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Camp Nichols
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory
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