Camp San Luis Obispo

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Camp San Luis Obispo
San Luis Obispo, California
Coordinates 35°19′17″N 120°44′20″W / 35.32139°N 120.73889°W / 35.32139; -120.73889Coordinates: 35°19′17″N 120°44′20″W / 35.32139°N 120.73889°W / 35.32139; -120.73889
Type Military Base
Site information
Owner State of California
Controlled by US Army National Guard Insignia.svg California National Guard
Condition In use
Site history
Built 1928
In use 1928 – Present
Built by California Army National Guard
Garrison information
Occupants 1941-03-10 – 1941-08-22
1941-09-05 – 1941-12-08
40th Infantry Division
Deployed to Pacific Theater.
1942-01-17 – 1942-03-01
1943-01-18 – 1943-03-27
35th Infantry Division
Deployed to France.
1942-04-24 – 1942-08-14
1942-10-20 – 1943-01-15
7th Infantry Division
Deployed to Pacific Theater.
1943-03-28 – 1943-07-21
6th Infantry Division
Deployed to Pacific Theater.
1943-11-20 – 1944-04-19
81st Infantry Division
Deployed to Pacific Theater..
1944-04-22 – 1944-07-02
96th Infantry Division
Deployed to Pacific Theater.
1944-10-01 – 1944-11-23
1944-12-04 – 1945-02-05
86th Infantry Division
Deployed to France.

Camp San Luis Obispo is the original home of the California Army National Guard. It served as an Infantry Division Camp and Cantonment Area for the United States Army during World War II.

History[edit]

Camp San Luis Obispo, formerly called Camp Merriam, was established in 1928 and is called the original home of the California National Guard. The camp is in San Luis Obispo County, which is on the Central Coast of California. State Route 1 passes through the camp about halfway between the cities of Morro Bay and San Luis Obispo. Since World War II, the camp has had an area of 15,433 acres (62 km2).[2] The camp originally comprised 6,274 acres (25 km2), and a further 9,159 acres (37 km2) was acquired during 1941. During World War II, the camp had quarters for 1,523 officers and 19,383 enlisted personnel.[2]

During the Korean war, from mid 1950 to late 1953, the camp was again used by the US Army, for signal corps training. There was eight weeks of basic combat training, shorter than the usual 16 weeks for combat arms. Then there were technical schools covering perhaps all aspects of the signal corps, from lineman and teletype, to cryptography.

Cuesta College opened for classes in 1965 on a southwest portion of the camp, rented from the California National Guard. The Cuesta College Board of Trustees purchased 160 acres (0.6 km2) of the camp and 20 acres (81,000 m2) adjoining for a permanent campus. The land was on the other side of Chorro Creek from the temporary campus. Construction was started in 1970 and the transfer from the temporary site was completed in 1978.

El Chorro Regional Park was created in 1972 when over 700 acres (2.8 km2) of the camp were given to San Luis Obispo County. The park contains barbecue facilities, a softball field, volleyball courts and camping sites. Dairy Creek Golf Course is located in the southwestern portion of the park. An area in the northern portion of the park is off limits due to the discovery of unexploded munitions.

Salinas Dam, which forms Santa Margarita Lake, was built to supply water to Camp San Luis Obispo. The lake now supplies water to the city of San Luis Obispo, though it is still owned by the United States Army Corps of Engineers.

In 2011 portions of the Camp were converted for use as the primary Ranger and Lifeguard (State Park Peace Officer) POST certified law enforcement training facility by California State Parks.

Military academy[edit]

The California Army National Guard maintains the California Military Academy at Camp San Luis Obispo for the use and training of members of California and other western state National Guard units, as well as for the use of the California State Military Reserve.35°19′31″N 120°42′59″W / 35.325252°N 120.716433°W / 35.325252; -120.716433[3]

Conservation Corps State Museum[edit]

The Conservation Corps State Museum is located in four barracks buildings on the grounds of Camp San Luis Obispo. Opened in 1995, the museum exhibits the works of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in California. One building is a replica of a 1930s CCC barracks, including tools, uniforms and other artifacts. The museum is open by appointment. It contains the library and research center of the National Association of Civilian Conservation Corps Alumni Buildings.

National Guard Youth Programs[edit]

A major tenant of Camp San Luis Obispo since the early 2000s has been the Grizzly Youth Academy, California's version of the Youth Challenge Program.

Camp San Luis Obispo was assigned as the new permanent headquarters of the California Cadet Corps in July 2011.

References[edit]

External links[edit]