A Kabal (Arabic: fortress) in modern usage means a one-square-mile patch of desert, with 10-foot-tall (3.0 m) berms bulldozed to form the perimeter earthworks. Kabals are located less than 50 miles (80 km) from the Iraqi border. The Kuwaiti government has cordoned off the northern part of its country, an area of more than 1,600 square miles (4,100 km2) out of 6,900 square miles (18,000 km2), where American military and coalition forces are based and are conducting training. Soldiers assigned to these remote sites must maintain 24-hour operations as units are close to the Iraqi border.
Kabals contain dining facilities, air-conditioned sleeping tents, recreation facilities and storage for weapons, tanks and their armored vehicles. The kabals are named New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Virginia. Two others; "Diamond Head" and "Hunter" are apparently inactive. The kabals are tent cities with each camp containing large areas of tents which house a half-dozen soldiers apiece, plus mess halls, rows of portable toilets, trailers with sinks and showers and a gym. Tents are equipped with telephones. For recreation there are a variety of movies, games, and a computer café.
The walls usually form a circle that has one or two entrances guarded by soldiers with other soldiers on guard duty around the perimeter or in guard towers. Establishing Kabals is manpower- and supply-intensive, requiring many convoys of Class IV (construction and barrier materiel) and contracted items. Combat Regeneration and Reorganization [CR2] is the redeployment of equipment, vehicles and soldiers from the Kabal.
Kabals were established shortly after Operation Desert Storm as part of a U.S. mission to protect Kuwait with a battle-ready battalion and to train service members for possible future wars against Iraq.
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